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Title: Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields

Abstract

In this paper, an integrated system of harvesting, collecting, and transporting willow biomass crop to a storage site was modeled and evaluated using the IBSAL simulation model. A scenario analysis was used to quantify the impacts of five major input parameters on the performance of the integrated system. These parameters include parcel size, field shape, willow yield, distance to the storage site, and type of the collection equipment. Multiple performance indicators were identified to quantify the impacts on the system such as size of the equipment fleet, effective material and field capacity of the harvester, operating costs, and waiting times. The input data were collected from 36 commercial, short-rotation, shrub willow fields in northern New York State. The simulation results indicated that crop yield and type of collection equipment have the highest impact on operating costs and the equipment fleet size. As the size of equipment fleet increases in the system, variability in the system performance tends to increase. Field shape has the least impact on the overall system performance compared to the other four input parameters. The simulation results suggest that a combination of performance indicators need to be considered to evaluate the overall performance of the dynamic andmore » complex system of harvesting, collection and transportation in commercial willow fields. The developed IBSAL model and scenario analysis approach can assist in planning this system based on the characteristics of field, crop, and logistical equipment to reach a high system performance.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. State Univ. of New York, Syracuse, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1468226
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
BioEnergy Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1939-1234
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Short-rotation woody crops; Single-pass cut-and-chip harvest system; System performance; Logistics analysis; IBSAL simulation model; Scenario analysis

Citation Formats

Ebadian, Mahmood, Shedden, Magen Elizabeth, Webb, Erin, Sokhansanj, Shahab, Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Heavey, Justin, and Hallen, Karl. Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9902-7.
Ebadian, Mahmood, Shedden, Magen Elizabeth, Webb, Erin, Sokhansanj, Shahab, Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Heavey, Justin, & Hallen, Karl. Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields. United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9902-7.
Ebadian, Mahmood, Shedden, Magen Elizabeth, Webb, Erin, Sokhansanj, Shahab, Eisenbies, Mark, Volk, Timothy, Heavey, Justin, and Hallen, Karl. Fri . "Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields". United States. doi:10.1007/s12155-018-9902-7.
@article{osti_1468226,
title = {Impact of Parcel Size, Field Shape, Crop Yield, Storage Location, and Collection Equipment on the Performance of Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System in Commercial Shrub Willow Fields},
author = {Ebadian, Mahmood and Shedden, Magen Elizabeth and Webb, Erin and Sokhansanj, Shahab and Eisenbies, Mark and Volk, Timothy and Heavey, Justin and Hallen, Karl},
abstractNote = {In this paper, an integrated system of harvesting, collecting, and transporting willow biomass crop to a storage site was modeled and evaluated using the IBSAL simulation model. A scenario analysis was used to quantify the impacts of five major input parameters on the performance of the integrated system. These parameters include parcel size, field shape, willow yield, distance to the storage site, and type of the collection equipment. Multiple performance indicators were identified to quantify the impacts on the system such as size of the equipment fleet, effective material and field capacity of the harvester, operating costs, and waiting times. The input data were collected from 36 commercial, short-rotation, shrub willow fields in northern New York State. The simulation results indicated that crop yield and type of collection equipment have the highest impact on operating costs and the equipment fleet size. As the size of equipment fleet increases in the system, variability in the system performance tends to increase. Field shape has the least impact on the overall system performance compared to the other four input parameters. The simulation results suggest that a combination of performance indicators need to be considered to evaluate the overall performance of the dynamic and complex system of harvesting, collection and transportation in commercial willow fields. The developed IBSAL model and scenario analysis approach can assist in planning this system based on the characteristics of field, crop, and logistical equipment to reach a high system performance.},
doi = {10.1007/s12155-018-9902-7},
journal = {BioEnergy Research},
number = 2,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Fri Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
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