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Title: Model-Based Air Flow Path Optimization of Heat Pump Clothes Dryer

Abstract

A heat pump clothes dryer (HPCD) uses a vapor compression system to dry clothes. The condenser heats air, which passes through the drum to evaporate moisture out of the clothes, and the evaporator condenses water out of the air stream. As a result, the HPCD can achieve 50% energy savings compared to a conventional electric resistance dryer. In this work we developed a physics-based, quasi-steady-state HPCD system model with detailed heat exchanger and compressor models. The system model can simulate the inherently transient HPCD drying process, to size components, and to reveal trends in key variables (e.g. compressor discharge temperature, power consumption, required drying time, etc.) The system model was calibrated using experimental data from a prototype HPCD. Air leakages, in and out, along the closed air circulation path of HPCD cause varied effects on the performance. Understanding the location, magnitude, and direction of air leakage of the heat pump clothes dryer is critical for accurately characterizing the performance and developing a high-performance design. The system model was used to reveal the impacts. In addition, model-based parametric optimizations were conducted to design the HPCD charge inventory, flow rate, air path and leak points for optimum performance.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1468128
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International refrigeration conference at Purdue, 2018 - West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America - 7/8/2018 8:00:00 AM-7/12/2018 8:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Shen, Bo, Gluesenkamp, Kyle R., Boudreaux, Philip R., and Patel, Viral K. Model-Based Air Flow Path Optimization of Heat Pump Clothes Dryer. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Shen, Bo, Gluesenkamp, Kyle R., Boudreaux, Philip R., & Patel, Viral K. Model-Based Air Flow Path Optimization of Heat Pump Clothes Dryer. United States.
Shen, Bo, Gluesenkamp, Kyle R., Boudreaux, Philip R., and Patel, Viral K. Sun . "Model-Based Air Flow Path Optimization of Heat Pump Clothes Dryer". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1468128.
@article{osti_1468128,
title = {Model-Based Air Flow Path Optimization of Heat Pump Clothes Dryer},
author = {Shen, Bo and Gluesenkamp, Kyle R. and Boudreaux, Philip R. and Patel, Viral K.},
abstractNote = {A heat pump clothes dryer (HPCD) uses a vapor compression system to dry clothes. The condenser heats air, which passes through the drum to evaporate moisture out of the clothes, and the evaporator condenses water out of the air stream. As a result, the HPCD can achieve 50% energy savings compared to a conventional electric resistance dryer. In this work we developed a physics-based, quasi-steady-state HPCD system model with detailed heat exchanger and compressor models. The system model can simulate the inherently transient HPCD drying process, to size components, and to reveal trends in key variables (e.g. compressor discharge temperature, power consumption, required drying time, etc.) The system model was calibrated using experimental data from a prototype HPCD. Air leakages, in and out, along the closed air circulation path of HPCD cause varied effects on the performance. Understanding the location, magnitude, and direction of air leakage of the heat pump clothes dryer is critical for accurately characterizing the performance and developing a high-performance design. The system model was used to reveal the impacts. In addition, model-based parametric optimizations were conducted to design the HPCD charge inventory, flow rate, air path and leak points for optimum performance.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Conference:
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