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Title: Iodobutane Deep Bed Adsorption Test Report

Abstract

The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Technology Research and Development (NTRD) Program Material Recovery and Waste Form Development (MRWFD) Campaign Off-gas Sigma Team has supported research and development on iodine control and iodine waste forms for the past several years. As a part of this on-going research, two deep-bed iodobutane adsorption tests have been performed with higher NO x levels. High (>1,000) iodine decontamination factors (DFs, the ratios of the inlet iodine concentrations divided by the outlet iodine concentrations, when the gas flowrate is constant) were achieved with both the silver aerogel and silver zeolite sorbents. The iodine adsorption mass transfer zone (the depth of the sorbent bed in which adsorption is occurring at any specific time) for these tests was estimated at 4 inches for both sorbents under the test conditions. Silver utilization for silver aerogel sorbent reached 41% (up to 12 g adsorbed iodine per 100 g silver aerogel sorbent), while silver utilization reached 43% (up to 6.8 g adsorbed iodine per 100 g silver zeolite sorbent). These values are generally consistent with results for prior methyl iodide adsorption tests. The results also indicate that, during iodine adsorption process, the organic iodide molecule decomposes so that the iodinemore » can be adsorbed. Even when sorbent breakthrough is reached, the organic iodide molecule continues to decompose; and the unadsorbed iodine that passes through bed is no longer in the form of the original organic iodide; but in the form of iodine compounds that are soluble in NaOH solutions, such as HI or I 2. This research and development has included iodine adsorption tests using a laboratory-scale test system containing segmented fixed beds of iodine adsorbents in series. Non-radioactive synthetic gas mixtures were blended from air, nitrogen, NO, NO 2, water, and the target iodine compounds to represent dissolver off-gas (DOG) streams from used nuclear fuel aqueous reprocessing.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1467481
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-18-45120-Rev000
TRN: US1902747
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; IODINE; IODIDES; WASTE FORMS; NUCLEAR FUELS; aqueous used fuel reprocessing; iodine capture

Citation Formats

Soelberg, Nick, Welty, Amy K., and Thomas, Samuel. Iodobutane Deep Bed Adsorption Test Report. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1467481.
Soelberg, Nick, Welty, Amy K., & Thomas, Samuel. Iodobutane Deep Bed Adsorption Test Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1467481.
Soelberg, Nick, Welty, Amy K., and Thomas, Samuel. Sun . "Iodobutane Deep Bed Adsorption Test Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1467481. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1467481.
@article{osti_1467481,
title = {Iodobutane Deep Bed Adsorption Test Report},
author = {Soelberg, Nick and Welty, Amy K. and Thomas, Samuel},
abstractNote = {The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Technology Research and Development (NTRD) Program Material Recovery and Waste Form Development (MRWFD) Campaign Off-gas Sigma Team has supported research and development on iodine control and iodine waste forms for the past several years. As a part of this on-going research, two deep-bed iodobutane adsorption tests have been performed with higher NOx levels. High (>1,000) iodine decontamination factors (DFs, the ratios of the inlet iodine concentrations divided by the outlet iodine concentrations, when the gas flowrate is constant) were achieved with both the silver aerogel and silver zeolite sorbents. The iodine adsorption mass transfer zone (the depth of the sorbent bed in which adsorption is occurring at any specific time) for these tests was estimated at 4 inches for both sorbents under the test conditions. Silver utilization for silver aerogel sorbent reached 41% (up to 12 g adsorbed iodine per 100 g silver aerogel sorbent), while silver utilization reached 43% (up to 6.8 g adsorbed iodine per 100 g silver zeolite sorbent). These values are generally consistent with results for prior methyl iodide adsorption tests. The results also indicate that, during iodine adsorption process, the organic iodide molecule decomposes so that the iodine can be adsorbed. Even when sorbent breakthrough is reached, the organic iodide molecule continues to decompose; and the unadsorbed iodine that passes through bed is no longer in the form of the original organic iodide; but in the form of iodine compounds that are soluble in NaOH solutions, such as HI or I2. This research and development has included iodine adsorption tests using a laboratory-scale test system containing segmented fixed beds of iodine adsorbents in series. Non-radioactive synthetic gas mixtures were blended from air, nitrogen, NO, NO2, water, and the target iodine compounds to represent dissolver off-gas (DOG) streams from used nuclear fuel aqueous reprocessing.},
doi = {10.2172/1467481},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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