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Title: Final Technical Report

Abstract

Southern Africa is the world’s largest emitter of biomass burning aerosols. Their westward transport over the remote southeast Atlantic ocean colocates some of the largest atmospheric loadings of absorbing aerosol with the least examined of the Earth’s major subtropical stratocumulus decks. Global aerosol model results highlight that the largest positive top-ofatmosphere forcing in the world occurs in the southeast Atlantic, but this region exhibits large differences in magnitude and sign between reputable models, in part because of high variability in the underlying model cloud distributions. Many uncertainties contribute to the highly variable model radiation fields: the aging of the shortwave-absorbing aerosol during transport, how much of the aerosol mixes into the cloudy boundary layer, and how the low clouds adjust to smokeradiation and smoke-cloud interactions. In addition, the ability of the biomass burning aerosol to absorb shortwave radiation is known to vary seasonally as the fuel type on land changes. LASIC (Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds) is a strategy to improve our understanding of aged carbonaceous aerosol, its seasonal evolution, and the mechanisms by which clouds adjust to the presence of the aerosol. The observational strategy centers on deploying the AMF1 cloud, aerosol, and atmospheric profiling instrumentation to Ascensionmore » Island, located within the trade-wind shallow cumulus regime (14.50W, 80S) 3000 km offshore of continental Africa. The location is within the latitude zone of the maximum outflow of aerosol, with the deepening boundary layer known to entrain free-tropospheric smoke. The primary activities for LASIC are: 1) to improve current knowledge on aged biomass burning aerosol and its radiative properties as a function of the seasonal cycle; 2) to use surface-based remote sensing to sensitively interrogate the atmosphere for the relative vertical location of aerosol and clouds; 3) to improve our understanding of the cloud adjustments to the presence of shortwave-absorbing aerosol within the vertical column, both through aerosol-radiation and through aerosol-cloud interactions; 4) to aid low cloud parameterization efforts for climate models. The measurements span June 1, 2016 - October 31, 2017, encompassing two July-October biomass burning seasons. The August-September, 2016, months include an Intensive Observing Period (IOP) with 8x/daily radiosondes. In 2017, from 16 August through 7 September, the UK FAAM Bae- 146 plane was deployed from Ascension, providing complementary data on the atmosphere’s vertical structure as part of the CLARIFY project, with similar scientific goals. The NASA ORACLES aircraft campaign, sharing similar objectives to LASIC, deployed from Namibia in September, 2016, and Sao Tome in August, 2017. The latter included a suitcase flight to Ascension spanning August 18-21. In 2017 a CAPS-SSA instrument belonging to Aerodyne was brought to Ascension, gathering data primarily for August, towards providing a second, independent measurement of aerosol absorption. Ascension Island is also an AERONET site.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)
  2. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Earth System Research Lab.
  4. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
  5. Aerodyne, Billerica, MA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  7. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1467425
Report Number(s):
DOE-MIAMI-13720
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0013720
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Zuidema et al., 2018: Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds:LASIC, Final Field Campaign Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; African biomass burning aerosol; marine stratocumulus cloud deck; southeast Atlantic; Ascension Island; Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC)

Citation Formats

Zuidema, Paquita, Chiu, Christine, Feingold, Graham, Kollias, Pavlos, Kollias, Pavlos, Onasch, Tim, Freedman, Andrew, McComiskey, Allison, and Wang, Hailong. Final Technical Report. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1467425.
Zuidema, Paquita, Chiu, Christine, Feingold, Graham, Kollias, Pavlos, Kollias, Pavlos, Onasch, Tim, Freedman, Andrew, McComiskey, Allison, & Wang, Hailong. Final Technical Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1467425.
Zuidema, Paquita, Chiu, Christine, Feingold, Graham, Kollias, Pavlos, Kollias, Pavlos, Onasch, Tim, Freedman, Andrew, McComiskey, Allison, and Wang, Hailong. Wed . "Final Technical Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1467425. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1467425.
@article{osti_1467425,
title = {Final Technical Report},
author = {Zuidema, Paquita and Chiu, Christine and Feingold, Graham and Kollias, Pavlos and Kollias, Pavlos and Onasch, Tim and Freedman, Andrew and McComiskey, Allison and Wang, Hailong},
abstractNote = {Southern Africa is the world’s largest emitter of biomass burning aerosols. Their westward transport over the remote southeast Atlantic ocean colocates some of the largest atmospheric loadings of absorbing aerosol with the least examined of the Earth’s major subtropical stratocumulus decks. Global aerosol model results highlight that the largest positive top-ofatmosphere forcing in the world occurs in the southeast Atlantic, but this region exhibits large differences in magnitude and sign between reputable models, in part because of high variability in the underlying model cloud distributions. Many uncertainties contribute to the highly variable model radiation fields: the aging of the shortwave-absorbing aerosol during transport, how much of the aerosol mixes into the cloudy boundary layer, and how the low clouds adjust to smokeradiation and smoke-cloud interactions. In addition, the ability of the biomass burning aerosol to absorb shortwave radiation is known to vary seasonally as the fuel type on land changes. LASIC (Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds) is a strategy to improve our understanding of aged carbonaceous aerosol, its seasonal evolution, and the mechanisms by which clouds adjust to the presence of the aerosol. The observational strategy centers on deploying the AMF1 cloud, aerosol, and atmospheric profiling instrumentation to Ascension Island, located within the trade-wind shallow cumulus regime (14.50W, 80S) 3000 km offshore of continental Africa. The location is within the latitude zone of the maximum outflow of aerosol, with the deepening boundary layer known to entrain free-tropospheric smoke. The primary activities for LASIC are: 1) to improve current knowledge on aged biomass burning aerosol and its radiative properties as a function of the seasonal cycle; 2) to use surface-based remote sensing to sensitively interrogate the atmosphere for the relative vertical location of aerosol and clouds; 3) to improve our understanding of the cloud adjustments to the presence of shortwave-absorbing aerosol within the vertical column, both through aerosol-radiation and through aerosol-cloud interactions; 4) to aid low cloud parameterization efforts for climate models. The measurements span June 1, 2016 - October 31, 2017, encompassing two July-October biomass burning seasons. The August-September, 2016, months include an Intensive Observing Period (IOP) with 8x/daily radiosondes. In 2017, from 16 August through 7 September, the UK FAAM Bae- 146 plane was deployed from Ascension, providing complementary data on the atmosphere’s vertical structure as part of the CLARIFY project, with similar scientific goals. The NASA ORACLES aircraft campaign, sharing similar objectives to LASIC, deployed from Namibia in September, 2016, and Sao Tome in August, 2017. The latter included a suitcase flight to Ascension spanning August 18-21. In 2017 a CAPS-SSA instrument belonging to Aerodyne was brought to Ascension, gathering data primarily for August, towards providing a second, independent measurement of aerosol absorption. Ascension Island is also an AERONET site.},
doi = {10.2172/1467425},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}