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Title: Cold Active Motion: How Time-Independent Disorder Affects the Motion of Self-Propelled Agents

Abstract

Assemblages of self-propelled particles, often termed active matter, exhibit collective behavior due to competition between neighbor alignment and noise-induced decoherence. However, very little is known of how the quenched (i.e., time-independent) disorder impacts active motion. Here we report on the effects of quenched disorder on the dynamics of self-propelled point particles. We identified three major types of quenched disorder relevant in the context of active matter: random torque, force, and stress. We demonstrate that even in the absence of external fluctuations ("cold active matter"), quenched disorder results in nontrivial dynamic phases not present in their "hot" counterpart. In particular, by analyzing when the equations of motion exhibit a Hamiltonian structure and when attractors may be present, we identify in which scenarios particle trapping, i.e., the asymptotic convergence of particle trajectories to bounded areas in space ("traps"), can and cannot occur. Our study provides new fundamental insights into active systems realized by self-propelled particles on natural and synthetic disordered substrates.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1466343
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Peruani, Fernando, and Aranson, Igor S. Cold Active Motion: How Time-Independent Disorder Affects the Motion of Self-Propelled Agents. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.238101.
Peruani, Fernando, & Aranson, Igor S. Cold Active Motion: How Time-Independent Disorder Affects the Motion of Self-Propelled Agents. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.238101.
Peruani, Fernando, and Aranson, Igor S. Fri . "Cold Active Motion: How Time-Independent Disorder Affects the Motion of Self-Propelled Agents". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.238101.
@article{osti_1466343,
title = {Cold Active Motion: How Time-Independent Disorder Affects the Motion of Self-Propelled Agents},
author = {Peruani, Fernando and Aranson, Igor S.},
abstractNote = {Assemblages of self-propelled particles, often termed active matter, exhibit collective behavior due to competition between neighbor alignment and noise-induced decoherence. However, very little is known of how the quenched (i.e., time-independent) disorder impacts active motion. Here we report on the effects of quenched disorder on the dynamics of self-propelled point particles. We identified three major types of quenched disorder relevant in the context of active matter: random torque, force, and stress. We demonstrate that even in the absence of external fluctuations ("cold active matter"), quenched disorder results in nontrivial dynamic phases not present in their "hot" counterpart. In particular, by analyzing when the equations of motion exhibit a Hamiltonian structure and when attractors may be present, we identify in which scenarios particle trapping, i.e., the asymptotic convergence of particle trajectories to bounded areas in space ("traps"), can and cannot occur. Our study provides new fundamental insights into active systems realized by self-propelled particles on natural and synthetic disordered substrates.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.238101},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 23,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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