skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The coastal streamflow flux in the Regional Arctic System Model

Abstract

The coastal streamflow flux from the Arctic drainage basin is an important driver of dynamics in the coupled ice-ocean system. Comprising more than one third of the total freshwater flux into the Arctic Ocean, streamflow is a key component of the regional and global freshwater cycle. To better represent the coupling of the streamflow flux to the ocean, we have developed and applied the RVIC streamflow routing model within the Regional Arctic System Model (RASM). The RASM is a high-resolution regional Earth System Model whose domain includes all of the Arctic drainage basin. Here in this paper, we introduce the RVIC streamflow routing model, detailing its application within RASM and its advancements in terms of representing high-resolution streamflow processes. We evaluate model simulated streamflow relative to in situ observations and demonstrate a method for improving model performance using a simple optimization procedure. We also present a new, spatially and temporally consistent, high-resolution data set of coastal freshwater fluxes for the Arctic drainage basin and surrounding areas that is based on a fully coupled RASM simulation and intended for use in Arctic Ocean modeling applications. This data set is evaluated relative to other coastal streamflow data sets commonly used by themore » ocean modeling community. We demonstrate that the RASM-simulated streamflow flux better represents the annual cycle than existing data sets, especially in ungauged areas. Finally, we assess the impact that streamflow has on the coupled ice-ocean system, finding that the presence of streamflow leads to reduced sea surface salinity, increased sea surface temperatures, and decreased sea ice thickness.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  3. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States). Dept. of Oceanography
  4. Polish Inst. of Oceanology, Sopot (Poland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1466299
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374924
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER64460; SC0006856; SC0005783; SC0005522
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9275
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Arctic; climate; hydrology; streamflow; runoff; streamflow routing

Citation Formats

Hamman, Joseph, Nijssen, Bart, Roberts, Andrew, Craig, Anthony, Maslowski, Wieslaw, and Osinski, Robert. The coastal streamflow flux in the Regional Arctic System Model. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JC012323.
Hamman, Joseph, Nijssen, Bart, Roberts, Andrew, Craig, Anthony, Maslowski, Wieslaw, & Osinski, Robert. The coastal streamflow flux in the Regional Arctic System Model. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JC012323.
Hamman, Joseph, Nijssen, Bart, Roberts, Andrew, Craig, Anthony, Maslowski, Wieslaw, and Osinski, Robert. Fri . "The coastal streamflow flux in the Regional Arctic System Model". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JC012323. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466299.
@article{osti_1466299,
title = {The coastal streamflow flux in the Regional Arctic System Model},
author = {Hamman, Joseph and Nijssen, Bart and Roberts, Andrew and Craig, Anthony and Maslowski, Wieslaw and Osinski, Robert},
abstractNote = {The coastal streamflow flux from the Arctic drainage basin is an important driver of dynamics in the coupled ice-ocean system. Comprising more than one third of the total freshwater flux into the Arctic Ocean, streamflow is a key component of the regional and global freshwater cycle. To better represent the coupling of the streamflow flux to the ocean, we have developed and applied the RVIC streamflow routing model within the Regional Arctic System Model (RASM). The RASM is a high-resolution regional Earth System Model whose domain includes all of the Arctic drainage basin. Here in this paper, we introduce the RVIC streamflow routing model, detailing its application within RASM and its advancements in terms of representing high-resolution streamflow processes. We evaluate model simulated streamflow relative to in situ observations and demonstrate a method for improving model performance using a simple optimization procedure. We also present a new, spatially and temporally consistent, high-resolution data set of coastal freshwater fluxes for the Arctic drainage basin and surrounding areas that is based on a fully coupled RASM simulation and intended for use in Arctic Ocean modeling applications. This data set is evaluated relative to other coastal streamflow data sets commonly used by the ocean modeling community. We demonstrate that the RASM-simulated streamflow flux better represents the annual cycle than existing data sets, especially in ungauged areas. Finally, we assess the impact that streamflow has on the coupled ice-ocean system, finding that the presence of streamflow leads to reduced sea surface salinity, increased sea surface temperatures, and decreased sea ice thickness.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JC012323},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans},
issn = {2169-9275},
number = 3,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Coupling schematic for the Regional Arctic System Model. Circles represent model components (e.g., RVIC) and arrows between circles represent flux and state variables shared between components (e.g., streamflow). The colors of the arrows reflect the source of the fluxes and state variables.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A simple hydrologically based model of land surface water and energy fluxes for general circulation models
journal, January 1994

  • Liang, Xu; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Wood, Eric F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 99, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/94JD00483

Continental runoff dynamics in the Community Climate System Model 2 (CCSM2) control simulation
journal, January 2003

  • Branstetter, Marcia L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD003212

A large-scale horizontal routing model to be coupled to land surface parametrization schemes
journal, October 1996


Deriving a global river network map and its sub-grid topographic characteristics from a fine-resolution flow direction map
journal, January 2009


The large-scale freshwater cycle of the Arctic
journal, January 2006

  • Serreze, Mark C.; Barrett, Andrew P.; Slater, Andrew G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue C11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JC003424

The global climatology of an interannually varying air–sea flux data set
journal, August 2008


Impacts of a mushy-layer thermodynamic approach in global sea-ice simulations using the CICE sea-ice model
journal, February 2015

  • Turner, Adrian K.; Hunke, Elizabeth C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 120, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010358

Arctic terrestrial hydrology: A synthesis of processes, regional effects, and research challenges: Arctic Terrestrial Hydrology
journal, March 2016

  • Bring, A.; Fedorova, I.; Dibike, Y.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003131

A multimodel simulation of pan-Arctic hydrology: MULTIMODEL PAN-ARCTIC HYDROLOGY
journal, November 2007

  • Slater, A. G.; Bohn, T. J.; McCreight, J. L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 112, Issue G4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JG000303

Record Russian river discharge in 2007 and the limits of analysis
journal, October 2009


The Future of Arctic Sea Ice
journal, May 2012


Simulation of reservoir influences on annual and seasonal streamflow changes for the Lena, Yenisei, and Ob' rivers
journal, January 2007

  • Adam, Jennifer C.; Haddeland, Ingjerd; Su, Fengge
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, Issue D24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008525

A new flexible coupler for earth system modeling developed for CCSM4 and CESM1
journal, November 2011

  • Craig, Anthony P.; Vertenstein, Mariana; Jacob, Robert
  • The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1177/1094342011428141

Surface soil moisture parameterization of the VIC-2L model: Evaluation and modification
journal, June 1996


Coupled daily streamflow and water temperature modelling in large river basins
journal, January 2012

  • van Vliet, M. T. H.; Yearsley, J. R.; Franssen, W. H. P.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 16, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-16-4303-2012

An assessment of Arctic Ocean freshwater content changes from the 1990s to the 2006–2008 period
journal, February 2011

  • Rabe, Benjamin; Karcher, Michael; Schauer, Ursula
  • Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Vol. 58, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.002

An Overview of CMIP5 and the Experiment Design
journal, April 2012

  • Taylor, Karl E.; Stouffer, Ronald J.; Meehl, Gerald A.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 93, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1

PHC: A Global Ocean Hydrography with a High-Quality Arctic Ocean
journal, May 2001


Freshwater distribution in the Arctic Ocean: Simulation with a high-resolution model and model-data comparison
journal, January 2008

  • Newton, Robert; Schlosser, Peter; Martinson, Douglas G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue C5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JC004111

Streamflow simulations of the terrestrial Arctic domain
journal, January 2005


Changes in Continental Freshwater Discharge from 1948 to 2004
journal, May 2009

  • Dai, Aiguo; Qian, Taotao; Trenberth, Kevin E.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2592.1

Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways
journal, January 2012

  • Morison, James; Kwok, Ron; Peralta-Ferriz, Cecilia
  • Nature, Vol. 481, Issue 7379
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10705

Level-ice melt ponds in the Los Alamos sea ice model, CICE
journal, November 2013


Recent Environmental Changes in ihe Arctic: A Review
journal, January 2000

  • Morison, James; Aagaard, Knut; Steele, Mike
  • ARCTIC, Vol. 53, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.14430/arctic867

Application of New Precipitation and Reconstructed Streamflow Products to Streamflow Trend Attribution in Northern Eurasia
journal, April 2008


First- and Second-Order Conservative Remapping Schemes for Grids in Spherical Coordinates
journal, September 1999


Global river temperatures and sensitivity to atmospheric warming and changes in river flow: SENSITIVITY OF GLOBAL RIVER TEMPERATURES
journal, February 2011

  • van Vliet, M. T. H.; Ludwig, F.; Zwolsman, J. J. G.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 47, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010WR009198

Land Surface Climate in the Regional Arctic System Model
journal, September 2016


A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models
journal, June 2013

  • Li, Hongyi; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Wu, Huan
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-12-015.1

Streamflow simulation for continental-scale river basins
journal, April 1997

  • Nijssen, Bart; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Liang, Xu
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 33, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/96WR03517

Assessment of contemporary Arctic river runoff based on observational discharge records
journal, February 2001

  • Lammers, Richard B.; Shiklomanov, Alexander I.; Vörösmarty, Charles J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900444

River runoff, sea ice meltwater, and Pacific water distribution and mean residence times in the Arctic Ocean
journal, May 2001

  • Ekwurzel, Brenda; Schlosser, Peter; Mortlock, Richard A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 106, Issue C5
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JC000024

The effects of precipitation and river runoff in a coupled ice-ocean model of the Arctic
journal, October 1996


The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research
journal, September 2013

  • Hurrell, James W.; Holland, M. M.; Gent, P. R.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1

Spatial variability in flood estimation for large catchments: the exploitation of channel network structure
journal, February 1992


Recent large increases in freshwater fluxes from Greenland into the North Atlantic: FRESHWATER INTO THE NORTH ATLANTIC
journal, October 2012

  • Bamber, Jonathan; van den Broeke, Michiel; Ettema, Janneke
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052552

On the variable‐lag and variable‐velocity cell‐to‐cell routing schemes for climate models
journal, December 2004

  • Sushama, L.; Laprise, R.; Caya, D.
  • Atmosphere-Ocean, Vol. 42, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.3137/ao.420401

Seasonal Speedup Along the Western Flank of the Greenland Ice Sheet
journal, April 2008


Response of Arctic Ocean stratification to changing river runoff in a column model
journal, April 2015

  • Nummelin, Aleksi; Li, Camille; Smedsrud, Lars H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 120, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JC010571

Change in spring snowmelt timing in Eurasian Arctic rivers
journal, January 2011

  • Tan, Amanda; Adam, Jennifer C.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014337

Impact of freshwater from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago on Labrador Sea Water formation
journal, January 2005


mizuRoute version 1: a river network routing tool for a continental domain water resources applications
journal, January 2016

  • Mizukami, Naoki; Clark, Martyn P.; Sampson, Kevin
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-9-2223-2016

Pan-Arctic distributions of continental runoff in the Arctic Ocean
journal, January 2013

  • Fichot, Cédric G.; Kaiser, Karl; Hooker, Stanford B.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep01053

Water mass structure and boundaries in the Mackenzie shelf estuary
journal, January 1989

  • Carmack, E. C.; Macdonald, R. W.; Papadakis, J. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 94, Issue C12
  • DOI: 10.1029/JC094iC12p18043

Automated upscaling of river networks for macroscale hydrological modeling: UPSCALING OF GLOBAL RIVER NETWORKS
journal, March 2011

  • Wu, Huan; Kimball, John S.; Mantua, Nate
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 47, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008871

A time-split nonhydrostatic atmospheric model for weather research and forecasting applications
journal, March 2008


An Overview of the Columbia Basin Climate Change Scenarios Project: Approach, Methods, and Summary of Key Results
journal, September 2013


Modeling the Arctic freshwater system and its integration in the global system: Lessons learned and future challenges: MODELING THE ARCTIC FRESHWATER SYSTEM
journal, March 2016

  • Lique, Camille; Holland, Marika M.; Dibike, Yonas B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 121, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003120

Partial recovery of the Arctic Ocean halocline: PARTIAL RECOVERY OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN HALOCLINE
journal, July 2002

  • Boyd, Timothy J.; Steele, Michael; Muench, Robin D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014047

Variability in river temperature, discharge, and energy flux from the Russian pan-Arctic landmass: RUSSIAN RIVER TEMPERATURE
journal, November 2007

  • Lammers, Richard B.; Pundsack, Jonathan W.; Shiklomanov, Alexander I.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 112, Issue G4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JG000370

The Arctic Circumpolar Boundary Current
journal, June 1999

  • Rudels, Bert; J. Friedrich, Hans; Quadfasel, Detlef
  • Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Vol. 46, Issue 6-7
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0967-0645(99)00015-6

Simulating transient ice-ocean Ekman transport in the Regional Arctic System Model and Community Earth System Model
journal, January 2015

  • Roberts, Andrew; Craig, Anthony; Maslowski, Wieslaw
  • Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 56, Issue 69
  • DOI: 10.3189/2015AoG69A760

Impact of a new anisotropic rheology on simulations of Arctic sea ice: IMPACT OF A NEW ANISOTROPIC RHEOLOGY ON SIMULATIONS OF ARCTIC SEA ICE
journal, January 2013

  • Tsamados, M.; Feltham, D. L.; Wilchinsky, A. V.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 118, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JC007990

Global-scale flow routing using a source-to-sink algorithm
journal, August 2000

  • Olivera, Francisco; Famiglietti, James; Asante, Kwabena
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 36, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000WR900113

Regional scale hydrology: I. Formulation of the VIC-2L model coupled to a routing model
journal, February 1998


Regional scale hydrology: II. Application of the VIC-2L model to the Weser River, Germany
journal, February 1998


Regional flood dynamics in a bifurcating mega delta simulated in a global river model: SIMULATION OF RIVER MEGA DELTA FLOWS
journal, May 2014

  • Yamazaki, Dai; Sato, Tomoko; Kanae, Shinjiro
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL059744

The Coastal Streamflow Flux In The Regional Arctic System Model [Supplementary Data]
dataset, February 2017

  • Hamman, J.; Nijssen, B.; Roberts, A.
  • Zenodo-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012323, 1 gz file (738.6 MB)
  • DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.293037

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The Coastal Streamflow Flux In The Regional Arctic System Model [Supplementary Data]
    dataset, February 2017

    • Hamman, J.; Nijssen, B.; Roberts, A.
    • Zenodo-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012323, 1 gz file (738.6 MB)
    • DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.293037