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Title: Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli Field Campaign Report

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) user facility Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional (3D) Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli (SGP3DOBS) experiment employed scanning Doppler lidar and the recently installed stereo camera ring to conduct a one-month intensive operational period (IOP) of fair-weather cumuli in a 3D domain at the ARM SGP Central Facility (CF). The SGP3DOBS is part of the Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) “Coupling Mechanistically the Convective Motions and Cloud Macrophysics in a Climate Model” (CM4) project and provides advanced observational analyses for improving physical understanding of shallow cumulus and supporting model parameterization evaluation. For the CM4 project, cloud macroscale and dynamical properties are determined using vertically pointing active remote-sensing measurements (e.g., lidar and radar), which provide a 2D view of fair-weather cumuli (FWC). It is critical to evaluate how well the 2D observations represent 3D cloud fields. The objectives of SGP3DOBS include: 1) evaluate the 3D gridded cloud field from stereo photogrammetry with scanning Doppler lidar measurements; 2) retrieve sub-cloud-layer turbulence (vertical velocity and mass flux) in a 3D domain; 3) estimate shallow cumulus lateral entrainment rate and its relation to environment conditions. The SGP3DOBS IOP was held at the SGP Central Facilitymore » from August 31 to September 30, 2017, as the fair-weather nonprecipitating shallow cumuli are prevalent during summertime over land (Lamer and Kollias, 2015). A weather forecast team conducted a short-range forecast of weather conditions in the early morning each day to determine whether it was favorable for FWC. For each IOP day, the Doppler lidar at the SGP Central Facility ran under the range height indicator (RHI) scanning mode in the cross-wind direction. Occasionally, plan position indicator (PPI) scanning mode was run for updated wind directions. During each RHI scanning, the Doppler lidar run continuously between 30- and 150-degree elevation angles. The scanning rate was approximately 10 degree/s, corresponding to a transverse resolution of 111 m at 2 km of a typical FWC height. The newly established three pairs of stereo cameras ran concurrently during the IOP.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  3. University of California, Berkeley; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
DOE Office of Science Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Contributing Org.:
Stony Brook University
OSTI Identifier:
1464957
Report Number(s):
DOE/SC-ARM-18-026
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-ACO5-7601830
Resource Type:
Program Document
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Southern Great Plains, Doppler lidar, fair-weather cumuli

Citation Formats

Zhang, Damao, Vogelmann, Andrew, Kollias, Pavlos, Oktem, Rusen, Romps, David, and Jensen, Michael. Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli Field Campaign Report. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Zhang, Damao, Vogelmann, Andrew, Kollias, Pavlos, Oktem, Rusen, Romps, David, & Jensen, Michael. Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli Field Campaign Report. United States.
Zhang, Damao, Vogelmann, Andrew, Kollias, Pavlos, Oktem, Rusen, Romps, David, and Jensen, Michael. Fri . "Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli Field Campaign Report". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1464957.
@article{osti_1464957,
title = {Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli Field Campaign Report},
author = {Zhang, Damao and Vogelmann, Andrew and Kollias, Pavlos and Oktem, Rusen and Romps, David and Jensen, Michael},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) user facility Southern Great Plains (SGP) Three-Dimensional (3D) Observations of Fair-Weather Cumuli (SGP3DOBS) experiment employed scanning Doppler lidar and the recently installed stereo camera ring to conduct a one-month intensive operational period (IOP) of fair-weather cumuli in a 3D domain at the ARM SGP Central Facility (CF). The SGP3DOBS is part of the Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) “Coupling Mechanistically the Convective Motions and Cloud Macrophysics in a Climate Model” (CM4) project and provides advanced observational analyses for improving physical understanding of shallow cumulus and supporting model parameterization evaluation. For the CM4 project, cloud macroscale and dynamical properties are determined using vertically pointing active remote-sensing measurements (e.g., lidar and radar), which provide a 2D view of fair-weather cumuli (FWC). It is critical to evaluate how well the 2D observations represent 3D cloud fields. The objectives of SGP3DOBS include: 1) evaluate the 3D gridded cloud field from stereo photogrammetry with scanning Doppler lidar measurements; 2) retrieve sub-cloud-layer turbulence (vertical velocity and mass flux) in a 3D domain; 3) estimate shallow cumulus lateral entrainment rate and its relation to environment conditions. The SGP3DOBS IOP was held at the SGP Central Facility from August 31 to September 30, 2017, as the fair-weather nonprecipitating shallow cumuli are prevalent during summertime over land (Lamer and Kollias, 2015). A weather forecast team conducted a short-range forecast of weather conditions in the early morning each day to determine whether it was favorable for FWC. For each IOP day, the Doppler lidar at the SGP Central Facility ran under the range height indicator (RHI) scanning mode in the cross-wind direction. Occasionally, plan position indicator (PPI) scanning mode was run for updated wind directions. During each RHI scanning, the Doppler lidar run continuously between 30- and 150-degree elevation angles. The scanning rate was approximately 10 degree/s, corresponding to a transverse resolution of 111 m at 2 km of a typical FWC height. The newly established three pairs of stereo cameras ran concurrently during the IOP.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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