skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Single-bunch imaging of detonation fronts using scattered synchrotron radiation

Abstract

A centimeter-scale field of view for transmission X-ray radiography from a sub-millimeter-focused synchrotron X-ray beam is achieved by placing a strongly scattering material upstream of the sample. Combining the scattered beam with a detector system synchronized and gated to acquire images from single X-ray pulses provides the capability for time-resolved observations of transient phenomena in samples larger than the native X-ray beam. Furthermore, switching between this scatter-beam imaging (SBI) and scattering modes is trivial compared to switching between unfocused white beam imaging and scattering using a focused pink beam. As a result, SBI additionally provides a straightforward method to precisely align samples relative to the focused X-ray beam for subsequent small-angle X-ray scattering measurements. Here, this paper describes the use of glassy carbon for SBI to observe phenomena during detonation of small-scale high explosive charges and compares the technique to conventional white beam imaging. SBI image sequences from ideal versus non-ideal explosive materials provide insights into the evolution of dead zones of the undetonated material, while tomographic reconstructions of radiographs acquired as the detonation front traverses the explosive charge can provide a means for estimating the density at and behind the detonation front.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [2];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Washington State Univ., Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Washington State Univ., Lemont, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1464953
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1454356; OSTI ID: 1481411
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002442; AC02-06CH11357; AC52-07NA27344; 14-ERD-018
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Nielsen, Michael H., Hammons, Joshua A., Bagge-Hansen, Michael, Lauderbach, Lisa M., Hodgin, Ralph L., Champley, Kyle M., Shaw, William L., Sinclair, Nicholas, Klug, Jeffrey A., Li, Yuelin, Schuman, Adam, van Buuren, Anthony W., Watkins, Erik B., Gustavsen, Richard L., Huber, Rachel C., and Willey, Trevor M. Single-bunch imaging of detonation fronts using scattered synchrotron radiation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5029912.
Nielsen, Michael H., Hammons, Joshua A., Bagge-Hansen, Michael, Lauderbach, Lisa M., Hodgin, Ralph L., Champley, Kyle M., Shaw, William L., Sinclair, Nicholas, Klug, Jeffrey A., Li, Yuelin, Schuman, Adam, van Buuren, Anthony W., Watkins, Erik B., Gustavsen, Richard L., Huber, Rachel C., & Willey, Trevor M. Single-bunch imaging of detonation fronts using scattered synchrotron radiation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5029912.
Nielsen, Michael H., Hammons, Joshua A., Bagge-Hansen, Michael, Lauderbach, Lisa M., Hodgin, Ralph L., Champley, Kyle M., Shaw, William L., Sinclair, Nicholas, Klug, Jeffrey A., Li, Yuelin, Schuman, Adam, van Buuren, Anthony W., Watkins, Erik B., Gustavsen, Richard L., Huber, Rachel C., and Willey, Trevor M. Thu . "Single-bunch imaging of detonation fronts using scattered synchrotron radiation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5029912.
@article{osti_1464953,
title = {Single-bunch imaging of detonation fronts using scattered synchrotron radiation},
author = {Nielsen, Michael H. and Hammons, Joshua A. and Bagge-Hansen, Michael and Lauderbach, Lisa M. and Hodgin, Ralph L. and Champley, Kyle M. and Shaw, William L. and Sinclair, Nicholas and Klug, Jeffrey A. and Li, Yuelin and Schuman, Adam and van Buuren, Anthony W. and Watkins, Erik B. and Gustavsen, Richard L. and Huber, Rachel C. and Willey, Trevor M.},
abstractNote = {A centimeter-scale field of view for transmission X-ray radiography from a sub-millimeter-focused synchrotron X-ray beam is achieved by placing a strongly scattering material upstream of the sample. Combining the scattered beam with a detector system synchronized and gated to acquire images from single X-ray pulses provides the capability for time-resolved observations of transient phenomena in samples larger than the native X-ray beam. Furthermore, switching between this scatter-beam imaging (SBI) and scattering modes is trivial compared to switching between unfocused white beam imaging and scattering using a focused pink beam. As a result, SBI additionally provides a straightforward method to precisely align samples relative to the focused X-ray beam for subsequent small-angle X-ray scattering measurements. Here, this paper describes the use of glassy carbon for SBI to observe phenomena during detonation of small-scale high explosive charges and compares the technique to conventional white beam imaging. SBI image sequences from ideal versus non-ideal explosive materials provide insights into the evolution of dead zones of the undetonated material, while tomographic reconstructions of radiographs acquired as the detonation front traverses the explosive charge can provide a means for estimating the density at and behind the detonation front.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5029912},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 22,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 14 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu Jun 14 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 14, 2019
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

X-ray transmission movies of spontaneous dynamic events
journal, November 2014

  • Smilowitz, L.; Henson, B. F.; Holmes, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 11, Article No. 113904
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4901093

Thermal decomposition of energetic materials viewed via dynamic x-ray radiography
journal, January 2014

  • Smilowitz, L.; Henson, B. F.; Romero, J. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 2, Article No. 024107
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4858965

The evolution of solid density within a thermal explosion. I. Proton radiography of pre-ignition expansion, material motion, and chemical decomposition
journal, May 2012

  • Smilowitz, L.; Henson, B. F.; Romero, J. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 10, Article No. 103515
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4711071

The evolution of solid density within a thermal explosion II. Dynamic proton radiography of cracking and solid consumption by burning
journal, May 2012

  • Smilowitz, L.; Henson, B. F.; Romero, J. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 10, Article No. 103516
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4711072