skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Supersonic propagation of lattice energy by phasons in fresnoite

Abstract

Controlling the thermal energy of lattice vibrations separately from electrons is vital to many applications including electronic devices and thermoelectric energy conversion. To remove heat without shorting electrical connections, heat must be carried in the lattice of electrical insulators. Phonons are limited to the speed of sound, which, compared to the speed of electronic processes, puts a fundamental constraint on thermal management. Here we report a supersonic channel for the propagation of lattice energy in the technologically promising piezoelectric mineral fresnoite (Ba 2TiSi 2O 8) using neutron scattering. Lattice energy propagates 2.8–4.3 times the speed of sound in the form of phasons, which are caused by an incommensurate modulation in the flexible framework structure of fresnoite. Here, the phasons enhance the thermal conductivity by 20% at room temperature and carry lattice-energy signals at speeds beyond the limits of phonons.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Meggitt Sensing Systems, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1464018
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Manley, Michael E., Stonaha, Paul J., Abernathy, Douglas L., Chi, Songxue, Sahul, Raffi, Hermann, Raphael P., and Budai, John D. Supersonic propagation of lattice energy by phasons in fresnoite. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04229-1.
Manley, Michael E., Stonaha, Paul J., Abernathy, Douglas L., Chi, Songxue, Sahul, Raffi, Hermann, Raphael P., & Budai, John D. Supersonic propagation of lattice energy by phasons in fresnoite. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04229-1.
Manley, Michael E., Stonaha, Paul J., Abernathy, Douglas L., Chi, Songxue, Sahul, Raffi, Hermann, Raphael P., and Budai, John D. Tue . "Supersonic propagation of lattice energy by phasons in fresnoite". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04229-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1464018.
@article{osti_1464018,
title = {Supersonic propagation of lattice energy by phasons in fresnoite},
author = {Manley, Michael E. and Stonaha, Paul J. and Abernathy, Douglas L. and Chi, Songxue and Sahul, Raffi and Hermann, Raphael P. and Budai, John D.},
abstractNote = {Controlling the thermal energy of lattice vibrations separately from electrons is vital to many applications including electronic devices and thermoelectric energy conversion. To remove heat without shorting electrical connections, heat must be carried in the lattice of electrical insulators. Phonons are limited to the speed of sound, which, compared to the speed of electronic processes, puts a fundamental constraint on thermal management. Here we report a supersonic channel for the propagation of lattice energy in the technologically promising piezoelectric mineral fresnoite (Ba2TiSi2O8) using neutron scattering. Lattice energy propagates 2.8–4.3 times the speed of sound in the form of phasons, which are caused by an incommensurate modulation in the flexible framework structure of fresnoite. Here, the phasons enhance the thermal conductivity by 20% at room temperature and carry lattice-energy signals at speeds beyond the limits of phonons.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04229-1},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Intrinsic localized mode and low thermal conductivity of PbSe
journal, January 2017


Supersonic mechanisms for charge and energy transfers in anharmonic molecular chains
journal, July 1996

  • Zolotaryuk, A. V.; Spatschek, K. H.; Savin, A. V.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 54, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.54.266

Neutron evidence for an overdamped phason branch in incommensurate K2SeO4
journal, December 1983


Explanation of the Glasslike Anomaly in the Low-Temperature Specific Heat of Incommensurate Phases
journal, December 2004


Phason instabilities and successive wave-vector reorientation phase transitions in MnSi
journal, November 1989


The incommensurate structure of mullite by Patterson synthesis
journal, April 1987

  • Angel, R. J.; Prewitt, C. T.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Vol. 43, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0108768187098185

Spiral magnetic correlation in cubic MnSi
journal, December 1983


Observation of phasons in the magnetic shape memory alloy Ni 2 MnGa
journal, February 2007


Charge-density-wave phase elasticity of the blue bronze
journal, April 1992


Intrinsic Localized Modes in Anharmonic Crystals
journal, August 1988


The effect of the magnetic field on the spiral spin structure in MnSi studied by polarized SANS
journal, February 2005

  • Okorokov, A. I.; Grigoriev, S. V.; Chetverikov, Yu. O.
  • Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 356, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.physb.2004.10.087

Incommensurate structure and stability of mullite
journal, May 1985


Low temperature heat capacity study of Ba2TiSi2O8 and Sr2TiSi2O8
journal, May 2014


Phonon localization drives polar nanoregions in a relaxor ferroelectric
journal, April 2014

  • Manley, M. E.; Lynn, J. W.; Abernathy, D. L.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4683

Incommensurate Structures
journal, November 1980

  • Axe, J. D.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 290, Issue 1043
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.1980.0118

Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devil's staircase
journal, June 1982


A TEM and RUM study of the inherent displacive flexibility of the fresnoite framework structure type
journal, October 2002


Design and operation of the wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source
journal, January 2012

  • Abernathy, D. L.; Stone, M. B.; Loguillo, M. J.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3680104

Helical spin structure in manganese silicide MnSi
journal, July 1976


Contribution of charge-density-wave phase excitations to thermal conductivity below the Peierls transition
journal, August 1993


Incommensurate–normal phase transition in natural melilite: an in situ high-temperature X-ray single-crystal study
journal, March 2005


Discrete breathers — Advances in theory and applications
journal, October 2008


Localization of ultrasound in a three-dimensional elastic network
journal, October 2008

  • Hu, Hefei; Strybulevych, A.; Page, J. H.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1101

Fresnoite: Unusal Titanium Coordination
journal, June 1967


New piezoelectric crystal: Synthetic fresnoite (Ba 2 Si 2 TiO 8 )
journal, August 1976

  • Kimura, Masakazu; Fujino, Yoshio; Kawamura, Tsutomu
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.89045

Intrinsic localized modes observed in the high-temperature vibrational spectrum of NaI
journal, April 2009


Incommensurate phase in Ba2TiSi2O8
journal, September 1990


High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys
journal, May 2008


Fifty years of Anderson localization
journal, August 2009

  • Lagendijk, Ad; Tiggelen, Bart van; Wiersma, Diederik S.
  • Physics Today, Vol. 62, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3206091

Ising model with solitons, phasons, and "the devil's staircase"
journal, June 1980


Incommensurate modulations in Ba2TiSi2O8, Sr2TiSi2O8, and Ba2TiGe2O8
journal, May 1999


The theory of structurally incommensurate systems. III. The fluctuation spectrum of incommensurate phases
journal, September 1978


Localizing Energy Through Nonlinearity and Discreteness
journal, January 2004

  • Campbell, David K.; Flach, Sergej; Kivshar, Yuri S.
  • Physics Today, Vol. 57, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1650069

Investigations on the thermal and piezoelectric properties of fresnoite Ba 2 TiSi 2 O 8 single crystals
journal, July 2014

  • Shen, Chuanying; Zhang, Huaijin; Cong, Hengjiang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4891827

The origin of incommensurate structures in insulators
journal, March 1984


Horace : Software for the analysis of data from single crystal spectroscopy experiments at time-of-flight neutron instruments
journal, October 2016

  • Ewings, R. A.; Buts, A.; Le, M. D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 834
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.07.036

Anderson Localization of Thermal Phonons Leads to a Thermal Conductivity Maximum
journal, December 2016


Solitons in conducting polymers
journal, July 1988


Thermal and electromechanical properties of melilite-type piezoelectric single crystals
journal, February 2015

  • Shen, Chuanying; Zhang, Shujun; Cao, Wenwu
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4908113