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Title: Factorization and resummation for groomed multi-prong jet shapes

Abstract

Observables which distinguish boosted topologies from QCD jets are playing an increasingly important role at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These observables are often used in conjunction with jet grooming algorithms, which reduce contamination from both theoretical and experimental sources. In this paper we derive factorization formulae for groomed multi-prong substructure observables, focusing in particular on the groomed D 2 observable, which is used to identify boosted hadronic decays of electroweak bosons at the LHC. Our factorization formulae allow systematically improvable calculations of the perturbative D 2 distribution and the resummation of logarithmically enhanced terms in all regions of phase space using renormalization group evolution. They include a novel factorization for the production of a soft subjet in the presence of a grooming algorithm, in which clustering effects enter directly into the hard matching. We use these factorization formulae to draw robust conclusions of experimental relevance regarding the universality of the D 2 distribution in both e+e- and pp collisions. In particular, we show that the only process dependence is carried by the relative quark vs. gluon jet fraction in the sample, no non-global logarithms from event-wide correlations are present in the distribution, hadronization corrections are controlled by the perturbativemore » mass of the jet, and all global color correlations are completely removed by grooming, making groomed D 2 a theoretically clean QCD observable even in the LHC environment. Lastly, we compute all ingredients to one-loop accuracy, and present numerical results at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy for e +e - collisions, comparing with parton shower Monte Carlo simulations. Results for pp collisions, as relevant for phenomenology at the LHC, are presented in a companion paper.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Reed College, Portland, OR (United States). Physics Dept.
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Berkeley Center for Theoretical Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1463551
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1485079
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-29531
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; TRN: US1902316
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2018; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; Jets

Citation Formats

Larkoski, Andrew J., Moult, Ian, and Neill, Duff Anderson. Factorization and resummation for groomed multi-prong jet shapes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2018)144.
Larkoski, Andrew J., Moult, Ian, & Neill, Duff Anderson. Factorization and resummation for groomed multi-prong jet shapes. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2018)144.
Larkoski, Andrew J., Moult, Ian, and Neill, Duff Anderson. Thu . "Factorization and resummation for groomed multi-prong jet shapes". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2018)144. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1463551.
@article{osti_1463551,
title = {Factorization and resummation for groomed multi-prong jet shapes},
author = {Larkoski, Andrew J. and Moult, Ian and Neill, Duff Anderson},
abstractNote = {Observables which distinguish boosted topologies from QCD jets are playing an increasingly important role at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These observables are often used in conjunction with jet grooming algorithms, which reduce contamination from both theoretical and experimental sources. In this paper we derive factorization formulae for groomed multi-prong substructure observables, focusing in particular on the groomed D2 observable, which is used to identify boosted hadronic decays of electroweak bosons at the LHC. Our factorization formulae allow systematically improvable calculations of the perturbative D2 distribution and the resummation of logarithmically enhanced terms in all regions of phase space using renormalization group evolution. They include a novel factorization for the production of a soft subjet in the presence of a grooming algorithm, in which clustering effects enter directly into the hard matching. We use these factorization formulae to draw robust conclusions of experimental relevance regarding the universality of the D2 distribution in both e+e- and pp collisions. In particular, we show that the only process dependence is carried by the relative quark vs. gluon jet fraction in the sample, no non-global logarithms from event-wide correlations are present in the distribution, hadronization corrections are controlled by the perturbative mass of the jet, and all global color correlations are completely removed by grooming, making groomed D2 a theoretically clean QCD observable even in the LHC environment. Lastly, we compute all ingredients to one-loop accuracy, and present numerical results at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy for e+e- collisions, comparing with parton shower Monte Carlo simulations. Results for pp collisions, as relevant for phenomenology at the LHC, are presented in a companion paper.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP02(2018)144},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
issn = {1029-8479},
number = 2,
volume = 2018,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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