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Title: Estimation of turbulence dissipation rate and its variability from sonic anemometer and wind Doppler lidar during the XPIA field campaign

Abstract

Despite turbulence being a fundamental transport process in the boundary layer, the capability of current numerical models to represent it is undermined by the limits of the adopted assumptions, notably that of local equilibrium. Here we leverage the potential of extensive observations in determining the variability in turbulence dissipation rate (ϵ). These observations can provide insights towards the understanding of the scales at which the major assumption of local equilibrium between generation and dissipation of turbulence is invalid. Typically, observations of ϵ require time- and labor-intensive measurements from sonic and/or hot-wire anemometers. We explore the capability of wind Doppler lidars to provide measurements of ϵ. We refine and extend an existing method to accommodate different atmospheric stability conditions. To validate our approach, we estimate ϵ from four wind Doppler lidars during the 3-month XPIA campaign at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (Colorado), and we assess the uncertainty of the proposed method by data intercomparison with sonic anemometer measurements of ϵ. Our analysis of this extensive dataset provides understanding of the climatology of turbulence dissipation over the course of the campaign. Further, the variability in ϵ with atmospheric stability, height, and wind speed is also assessed. Finally, we present how ϵ increasesmore » as nocturnal turbulence is generated during low-level jet events.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences; National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1463341
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1464916
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-135886; NREL/JA-5000-72199
Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; AGS-1554055; AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 17 WIND ENERGY; turbulence; atmospheric boundary layer; wind

Citation Formats

Bodini, Nicola, Lundquist, Julie K., and Newsom, Rob K. Estimation of turbulence dissipation rate and its variability from sonic anemometer and wind Doppler lidar during the XPIA field campaign. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.5194/AMT-11-4291-2018.
Bodini, Nicola, Lundquist, Julie K., & Newsom, Rob K. Estimation of turbulence dissipation rate and its variability from sonic anemometer and wind Doppler lidar during the XPIA field campaign. United States. doi:10.5194/AMT-11-4291-2018.
Bodini, Nicola, Lundquist, Julie K., and Newsom, Rob K. Fri . "Estimation of turbulence dissipation rate and its variability from sonic anemometer and wind Doppler lidar during the XPIA field campaign". United States. doi:10.5194/AMT-11-4291-2018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1463341.
@article{osti_1463341,
title = {Estimation of turbulence dissipation rate and its variability from sonic anemometer and wind Doppler lidar during the XPIA field campaign},
author = {Bodini, Nicola and Lundquist, Julie K. and Newsom, Rob K.},
abstractNote = {Despite turbulence being a fundamental transport process in the boundary layer, the capability of current numerical models to represent it is undermined by the limits of the adopted assumptions, notably that of local equilibrium. Here we leverage the potential of extensive observations in determining the variability in turbulence dissipation rate (ϵ). These observations can provide insights towards the understanding of the scales at which the major assumption of local equilibrium between generation and dissipation of turbulence is invalid. Typically, observations of ϵ require time- and labor-intensive measurements from sonic and/or hot-wire anemometers. We explore the capability of wind Doppler lidars to provide measurements of ϵ. We refine and extend an existing method to accommodate different atmospheric stability conditions. To validate our approach, we estimate ϵ from four wind Doppler lidars during the 3-month XPIA campaign at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (Colorado), and we assess the uncertainty of the proposed method by data intercomparison with sonic anemometer measurements of ϵ. Our analysis of this extensive dataset provides understanding of the climatology of turbulence dissipation over the course of the campaign. Further, the variability in ϵ with atmospheric stability, height, and wind speed is also assessed. Finally, we present how ϵ increases as nocturnal turbulence is generated during low-level jet events.},
doi = {10.5194/AMT-11-4291-2018},
journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)},
issn = {1867-8548},
number = 7,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Improved observations of turbulence dissipation rates from wind profiling radars
journal, January 2017

  • McCaffrey, Katherine; Bianco, Laura; Wilczak, James M.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 10, Issue 7, p. 2595-2611
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-2595-2017

Assessing atmospheric stability and its impacts on rotor-disk wind characteristics at an onshore wind?farm
journal, July 2011

  • Wharton, Sonia; Lundquist, Julie K.
  • Wind Energy, Vol. 15, Issue 4, p. 525-546
  • DOI: 10.1002/we.483