skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Hierarchy of Azimuthal Anisotropy Harmonics in Collisions of Small Systems from the Color Glass Condensate

Abstract

We demonstrate that the striking systematics of two-particle azimuthal Fourier harmonics $${v}_{2}$$ and $${v}_{3}$$ in ultrarelativistic collisions of protons, deuterons, and helium-3 ions off gold nuclei measured by the PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is reproduced in the color glass condensate effective field theory. This contradicts the claim in C. Aidala et al. (PHENIX Collaboration), arXiv:1805.02973, that their data rule out initial state-based explanations. The underlying systematics of the effect, as discussed previously in K. Dusling, M. Mace, R. Venugopalan, Phys. Rev. D 97, 016014 (2018); Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 042002 (2018); Proc. Sci., QCDEV2017 (2018) 039, arise from the differing structure of strong color correlations between gluon domains of size $$1/{Q}_{S}$$ at fine ($${p}_{{\perp}}>_≈{Q}_{S}$$) or coarser ($${p}_{{\perp}}<_≈{Q}_{S}$$) transverse momentum resolution. Further tests of the limits of validity of this framework can be carried out in light-heavy ion collisions at both RHIC and the Large Hadron Collider. Such measurements also offer novel opportunities for further exploration of the role of the surprisingly large short-range nuclear correlations measured at Jefferson Lab.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1462293
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1466633
Report Number(s):
RBRC-1288; BNL-207973-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 052301
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; FG02-88ER40388; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 121 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; collective flow; particle correlations & fluctuations; quark-gluon plasma; relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Citation Formats

Mace, Mark, Skokov, Vladimir V., Tribedy, Prithwish, and Venugopalan, Raju. Hierarchy of Azimuthal Anisotropy Harmonics in Collisions of Small Systems from the Color Glass Condensate. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.052301.
Mace, Mark, Skokov, Vladimir V., Tribedy, Prithwish, & Venugopalan, Raju. Hierarchy of Azimuthal Anisotropy Harmonics in Collisions of Small Systems from the Color Glass Condensate. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.052301
Mace, Mark, Skokov, Vladimir V., Tribedy, Prithwish, and Venugopalan, Raju. Tue . "Hierarchy of Azimuthal Anisotropy Harmonics in Collisions of Small Systems from the Color Glass Condensate". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.052301.
@article{osti_1462293,
title = {Hierarchy of Azimuthal Anisotropy Harmonics in Collisions of Small Systems from the Color Glass Condensate},
author = {Mace, Mark and Skokov, Vladimir V. and Tribedy, Prithwish and Venugopalan, Raju},
abstractNote = {We demonstrate that the striking systematics of two-particle azimuthal Fourier harmonics ${v}_{2}$ and ${v}_{3}$ in ultrarelativistic collisions of protons, deuterons, and helium-3 ions off gold nuclei measured by the PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is reproduced in the color glass condensate effective field theory. This contradicts the claim in C. Aidala et al. (PHENIX Collaboration), arXiv:1805.02973, that their data rule out initial state-based explanations. The underlying systematics of the effect, as discussed previously in K. Dusling, M. Mace, R. Venugopalan, Phys. Rev. D 97, 016014 (2018); Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 042002 (2018); Proc. Sci., QCDEV2017 (2018) 039, arise from the differing structure of strong color correlations between gluon domains of size $1/{Q}_{S}$ at fine (${p}_{{\perp}}>_≈{Q}_{S}$) or coarser (${p}_{{\perp}}<_≈{Q}_{S}$) transverse momentum resolution. Further tests of the limits of validity of this framework can be carried out in light-heavy ion collisions at both RHIC and the Large Hadron Collider. Such measurements also offer novel opportunities for further exploration of the role of the surprisingly large short-range nuclear correlations measured at Jefferson Lab.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.052301},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1462293}, journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 5,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.052301

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 19 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Eliminating experimental bias in anisotropic-flow measurements of high-energy nuclear collisions
journal, April 2013


How protons shatter colored glass
journal, March 2002


Glasma flux tubes and the near side ridge phenomenon at RHIC
journal, September 2008


Liouville field theory for gluon saturation in QCD at high energy
journal, September 2007


Azimuthal anisotropies in p + Pb collisions from classical Yang–Mills dynamics
journal, July 2015


Event-by-event gluon multiplicity, energy density, and eccentricities in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions
journal, September 2012


Bose enhancement and the ridge
journal, December 2015


The Color Glass Condensate
journal, November 2010


Collectivity from interference
journal, December 2017


Long range two-particle rapidity correlations in collisions from high energy QCD evolution
journal, May 2010


Angular and long Range Rapidity Correlations in Particle Production at high Energy
journal, January 2013


Multiparticle Collectivity from Initial State Correlations in High Energy Proton-Nucleus Collisions
journal, January 2018


Fluctuating Glasma Initial Conditions and Flow in Heavy Ion Collisions
journal, June 2012


Odd azimuthal anisotropy of the Glasma for pA scattering
journal, March 2017


Jet fragmentation of multiparton configurations in a string framework
journal, December 1984


Renormalization group evolution of multi-gluon correlators in high energy QCD
journal, December 2011


Parton model description of multiparticle azimuthal correlations in p A collisions
journal, January 2018


Exploiting Intrinsic Triangular Geometry in Relativistic He 3 + Au Collisions to Disentangle Medium Properties
journal, September 2014


Multiplicity distributions in p + p , p + A , and A + A collisions from Yang-Mills dynamics
journal, February 2014


Anisotropy of the semiclassical gluon field of a large nucleus at high energy
journal, April 2015


Multiquark production in p + A collisions: Quantum interference effects
journal, April 2018


Importance of initial and final state effects for azimuthal correlations in p + Pb collisions
journal, November 2017


Scaling relation between p A and A A collisions
journal, November 2014


Structure and dynamics of few-nucleon systems
journal, July 1998


Long-range rapidity correlations in heavy–light ion collisions
journal, May 2013


Tracing the origin of azimuthal gluon correlations in the color glass condensate
journal, January 2016


Improved version of the PHOBOS Glauber Monte Carlo
journal, September 2015


Impact parameter dipole saturation model
journal, December 2003


Glittering Glasmas
journal, September 2009


Measurements of Elliptic and Triangular Flow in High-Multiplicity He 3 + Au Collisions at s N N = 200    GeV
journal, September 2015


High energy pA collisions in the color glass condensate approach I: gluon production and the Cronin effect
journal, October 2004


Computing quark and gluon distribution functions for very large nuclei
journal, March 1994


Correlations and the ridge in the Color Glass Condensate beyond the glasma graph approximation
journal, May 2018


Multiplicity and transverse momentum dependence of two- and four-particle correlations in pPb and PbPb collisions
journal, July 2013


An introduction to PYTHIA 8.2
journal, June 2015


Gluon production in the Color Glass Condensate model of collisions of ultrarelativistic finite nuclei
journal, April 2003


Non-perturbative computation of double inclusive gluon production in the Glasma
journal, January 2010


Gluon production in current-nucleus and nucleon-nucleus collisions in a quasi-classical approximation
journal, September 1998


Exploring correlations in the CGC wave function: Odd azimuthal anisotropy
journal, July 2017


Nucleon-nucleon correlations, short-lived excitations, and the quarks within
journal, November 2017


Multiphase transport model for relativistic heavy ion collisions
journal, December 2005


Collectivity and electromagnetic radiation in small systems
journal, January 2017


Mass Ordering of Spectra from Fragmentation of Saturated Gluon States in High-Multiplicity Proton-Proton Collisions
journal, October 2016


Gluon distribution functions for very large nuclei at small transverse momentum
journal, April 1994


Importance of initial and final state effects for azimuthal correlations in p+Pb collisions
journal, February 2019


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Non-eikonal corrections to multi-particle production in the color glass condensate
    journal, July 2019


    Non-eikonal corrections to multi-particle production in the color glass condensate
    journal, July 2019


    Imaging the nucleus with high-energy photons
    journal, October 2019


    Bulk quantities in nuclear collisions from running-coupling k T factorization and hybrid simulations
    journal, July 2019


    Exploring new small system geometries in heavy ion collisions
    journal, April 2019


    Extracting many-body color charge correlators in the proton from exclusive DIS at large Bjorken x
    journal, November 2018


    Elliptic Flow of Heavy Quarkonia in p A Collisions
    journal, May 2019


    Hydrodynamic Attractors, Initial State Energy, and Particle Production in Relativistic Nuclear Collisions
    journal, December 2019