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Title: In situ bioremediation of a former natural gas dehydrator site using bioventing/biosparging

Abstract

The Gas Research Institute (GRI) is conducting a research program on site remediation and residuals management for natural gas exploration and production (E&P) activities. Biological processes are considered to be a key component of the GRI remedial strategy since most of the chemicals-of-interest in soils and groundwater at E&P sites have been reported to be biodegradable. A bioventing/biosparging field demonstration was conducted over a ten month period at a former glycol dehydrator site, located near Traverse City, Michigan. The chemicals-of-interest at this site were benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes; and alkanes (primarily C{sub 4} through C{sub 10}). The goal of the project was to determine the feasibility of using this technology for dehydrator site remediation and to develop engineering basis of design concepts for applying bioventing/biosparging at other similar sites. Three different air sparging operational modes (pulsed, continuous, and offgas recycle) were tested to determine the optimum process configuration for site remediation. Biodegradation was also evaluated. Operational mode performance was evaluated by situ conducting in situ respirometry studies. Depletion of oxygen and hydrocarbons and production of carbon dioxide were used to calculated biodegradation rates in the vadose and saturated zones. The mass of hydrocarbons biologically degraded was estimated based onmore » these biokinetic rates. In addition, biodegradation was also estimated based on contaminant removal shown by analytical sampling of soil and groundwater and based on other losses attributed to pump and treat and soil vapor extraction systems. In addition, an engineering evaluation of the operating modes is presented. The results of this study suggest that bioventing/biosparging is a feasible technology for in situ remediation of soil and groundwater at gas industry glycol dehydrator sites and that the pulsed operating mode may have an advantage over the other modes.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. and others
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
146222
Report Number(s):
CONF-950333-
TRN: 95:006211-0051
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. SPE/EPA exploration and production environmental conference: government and industry working together to find cost effective approaches to protecting the environment, Houston, TX (United States), 27-29 Mar 1995; Other Information: PBD: 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the SPE/EPA exploration & production environmental conference; PB: 797 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; BENZENE; BIODEGRADATION; TOLUENE; XYLENES; SOILS; REMEDIAL ACTION; ALKANES; CARBON DIOXIDE; EXTRACTION; NITROUS OXIDE; DEHYDRATORS; MASS BALANCE

Citation Formats

Shamory, B D, Lawrence, A W, and Miller, D L. In situ bioremediation of a former natural gas dehydrator site using bioventing/biosparging. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Shamory, B D, Lawrence, A W, & Miller, D L. In situ bioremediation of a former natural gas dehydrator site using bioventing/biosparging. United States.
Shamory, B D, Lawrence, A W, and Miller, D L. Fri . "In situ bioremediation of a former natural gas dehydrator site using bioventing/biosparging". United States.
@article{osti_146222,
title = {In situ bioremediation of a former natural gas dehydrator site using bioventing/biosparging},
author = {Shamory, B D and Lawrence, A W and Miller, D L},
abstractNote = {The Gas Research Institute (GRI) is conducting a research program on site remediation and residuals management for natural gas exploration and production (E&P) activities. Biological processes are considered to be a key component of the GRI remedial strategy since most of the chemicals-of-interest in soils and groundwater at E&P sites have been reported to be biodegradable. A bioventing/biosparging field demonstration was conducted over a ten month period at a former glycol dehydrator site, located near Traverse City, Michigan. The chemicals-of-interest at this site were benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes; and alkanes (primarily C{sub 4} through C{sub 10}). The goal of the project was to determine the feasibility of using this technology for dehydrator site remediation and to develop engineering basis of design concepts for applying bioventing/biosparging at other similar sites. Three different air sparging operational modes (pulsed, continuous, and offgas recycle) were tested to determine the optimum process configuration for site remediation. Biodegradation was also evaluated. Operational mode performance was evaluated by situ conducting in situ respirometry studies. Depletion of oxygen and hydrocarbons and production of carbon dioxide were used to calculated biodegradation rates in the vadose and saturated zones. The mass of hydrocarbons biologically degraded was estimated based on these biokinetic rates. In addition, biodegradation was also estimated based on contaminant removal shown by analytical sampling of soil and groundwater and based on other losses attributed to pump and treat and soil vapor extraction systems. In addition, an engineering evaluation of the operating modes is presented. The results of this study suggest that bioventing/biosparging is a feasible technology for in situ remediation of soil and groundwater at gas industry glycol dehydrator sites and that the pulsed operating mode may have an advantage over the other modes.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/146222}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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