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Title: Regulations, Codes, and Standards (RCS) for Large-Scale Hydrogen Systems

Abstract

Hydrogen has potential applications that require larger-scale storage, use, and handling systems than currently are employed in emerging-market fuel cell applications. These potential applications include hydrogen generation and storage systems that would support electrical grid systems. There has been extensive work evaluating regulations, codes, and standards (RCS) for the emerging fuel cell market, such as the infrastructure required to support fuel cell electric vehicles. However, there has not been a similar RCS evaluation and development process for these larger systems. This paper presents an evaluation of the existing RCS in the United States for large-scale systems and identifies potential RCS gaps. This analysis considers large-scale hydrogen technologies that are currently being employed in limited use but may be more widely used as large-scale applications expand. The paper also identifies areas of potential safety research that would need to be conducted to fill the RCS gaps. U.S. codes define bulk hydrogen storage systems but do not define large-scale systems. This paper evaluates potential applications to define a large-scale hydrogen system relative to the systems employed in emerging technologies such as hydrogen fuelling stations. These large-scale systems would likely be of similar size to or larger than industrial hydrogen systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1461766
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5400-70929
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 7th International Conference on Hydrogen Safety (ICHS 2017), 11-13 September 2017, Hamburg, Germany
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; alternative fuels; vehicle fueling; hydrogen; electric vehicles; vehicle charging; fueling station; hydrogen safety; hydrogen storage

Citation Formats

Rivkin, Carl H, Burgess, Robert M, and Buttner, William J. Regulations, Codes, and Standards (RCS) for Large-Scale Hydrogen Systems. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Rivkin, Carl H, Burgess, Robert M, & Buttner, William J. Regulations, Codes, and Standards (RCS) for Large-Scale Hydrogen Systems. United States.
Rivkin, Carl H, Burgess, Robert M, and Buttner, William J. Wed . "Regulations, Codes, and Standards (RCS) for Large-Scale Hydrogen Systems". United States.
@article{osti_1461766,
title = {Regulations, Codes, and Standards (RCS) for Large-Scale Hydrogen Systems},
author = {Rivkin, Carl H and Burgess, Robert M and Buttner, William J},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen has potential applications that require larger-scale storage, use, and handling systems than currently are employed in emerging-market fuel cell applications. These potential applications include hydrogen generation and storage systems that would support electrical grid systems. There has been extensive work evaluating regulations, codes, and standards (RCS) for the emerging fuel cell market, such as the infrastructure required to support fuel cell electric vehicles. However, there has not been a similar RCS evaluation and development process for these larger systems. This paper presents an evaluation of the existing RCS in the United States for large-scale systems and identifies potential RCS gaps. This analysis considers large-scale hydrogen technologies that are currently being employed in limited use but may be more widely used as large-scale applications expand. The paper also identifies areas of potential safety research that would need to be conducted to fill the RCS gaps. U.S. codes define bulk hydrogen storage systems but do not define large-scale systems. This paper evaluates potential applications to define a large-scale hydrogen system relative to the systems employed in emerging technologies such as hydrogen fuelling stations. These large-scale systems would likely be of similar size to or larger than industrial hydrogen systems.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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