skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization

 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [9];  [9];  [10];  [10]
  1. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
  2. Chemistry and Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, USA
  3. Materials Department, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
  4. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA; Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, USA
  5. Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA; Ames Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
  6. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899, USA
  7. Applied Energy Programs, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA
  8. Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
  9. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
  10. Department of Physics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22) Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Science Foundation (NSF); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 1651668; 1334713; 1709158; 1729487; AC36-08GO28308; FG02-09ER46577; SC0001299; SC0008931; SC0016390
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Zevalkink, Alex, Smiadak, David M., Blackburn, Jeff L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Chabinyc, Michael L., Delaire, Olivier, Wang, Jian, Kovnir, Kirill, Martin, Joshua, Schelhas, Laura T., Sparks, Taylor D., Kang, Stephen D., Dylla, Maxwell T., Snyder, G. Jeffrey, Ortiz, Brenden R., and Toberer, Eric S.. A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5021094.
Zevalkink, Alex, Smiadak, David M., Blackburn, Jeff L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Chabinyc, Michael L., Delaire, Olivier, Wang, Jian, Kovnir, Kirill, Martin, Joshua, Schelhas, Laura T., Sparks, Taylor D., Kang, Stephen D., Dylla, Maxwell T., Snyder, G. Jeffrey, Ortiz, Brenden R., & Toberer, Eric S.. A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization. United States.
Zevalkink, Alex, Smiadak, David M., Blackburn, Jeff L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Chabinyc, Michael L., Delaire, Olivier, Wang, Jian, Kovnir, Kirill, Martin, Joshua, Schelhas, Laura T., Sparks, Taylor D., Kang, Stephen D., Dylla, Maxwell T., Snyder, G. Jeffrey, Ortiz, Brenden R., and Toberer, Eric S.. Wed . "A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization". United States.
title = {A practical field guide to thermoelectrics: Fundamentals, synthesis, and characterization},
author = {Zevalkink, Alex and Smiadak, David M. and Blackburn, Jeff L. and Ferguson, Andrew J. and Chabinyc, Michael L. and Delaire, Olivier and Wang, Jian and Kovnir, Kirill and Martin, Joshua and Schelhas, Laura T. and Sparks, Taylor D. and Kang, Stephen D. and Dylla, Maxwell T. and Snyder, G. Jeffrey and Ortiz, Brenden R. and Toberer, Eric S.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1063/1.5021094},
url = {}, journal = {Applied Physics Reviews},
issn = {1931-9401},
number = 2,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}

Works referenced in this record:

Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices
journal, January 2018

Flexible PEDOT electrodes with large thermoelectric power factors to generate electricity by the touch of fingertips
journal, January 2013

Polymer-Free Carbon Nanotube Thermoelectrics with Improved Charge Carrier Transport and Power Factor
journal, November 2016

The Thermoelectric Figure of Merit and its Relation to Thermoelectric Generators†
journal, July 1959

Ultrasonic velocity measurements for estimation of grain size in austenitic stainless steel
journal, January 1995

Thermoelectric properties of conducting polymers: The case of poly(3-hexylthiophene)
journal, September 2010

The effect of sub-oxide phases on the transparency of tin-doped gallium oxide
journal, October 2016

Synthesis and characterization of Mg2Si/Si nanocomposites prepared from MgH2 and silicon, and their thermoelectric properties
journal, January 2012

Realizing High Figure of Merit in Phase-Separated Polycrystalline Sn 1– x Pb x Se
journal, October 2016

Hardness and fracture toughness of thermoelectric La3−x Te4
journal, October 2013

Thermal Conductivity
book, January 2004

Ruthenium Intermetallics Grown from La−Ni Flux: Synthesis, Structure, and Physical Properties
journal, March 2010

GeAs: Highly Anisotropic van der Waals Thermoelectric Material
journal, April 2016

The Metal Flux: A Preparative Tool for the Exploration of Intermetallic Compounds
journal, November 2005

Complete determination of elastic moduli of interpenetrating metal/ceramic composites using ultrasonic techniques and micromechanical modelling
journal, October 2011

Multilayered Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composite Based Thermoelectric Fabrics
journal, February 2012

A remote laser system for ultrasonic velocity measurement at high temperatures
journal, February 1988

Tuning the driving force for exciton dissociation in single-walled carbon nanotube heterojunctions
journal, April 2016

Defect Engineering in π-Conjugated Polymers
journal, October 2009

Laser characterization of ultrasonic wave propagation in random media
journal, April 2003

Thermal transport in organic semiconducting polymers
journal, June 2013

Solid state metathesis reactions as a conceptual tool in the synthesis of new materials
journal, January 2010

Modeling non-harmonic behavior of materials from experimental inelastic neutron scattering and thermal expansion measurements
journal, July 2016

High Lattice Thermal Conductivity Solids
book, January 2006

Thermopower enhancement by encapsulating cerium in clathrate cages
journal, September 2013

Effect of quantum-well structures on the thermoelectric figure of merit
journal, May 1993

Engineered doping of organic semiconductors for enhanced thermoelectric efficiency
journal, May 2013

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and Its Derivatives: Past, Present, and Future
journal, April 2000

Monitoring a Silent Phase Transition in CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 Solar Cells via Operando X-ray Diffraction
journal, October 2016

Characterization of Lorenz number with Seebeck coefficient measurement
journal, April 2015

Thermoelectricity in polymer composites due to fluctuation-induced tunneling
journal, January 2015

Some applications of laser ultrasound
journal, July 1989

n-Doping of Organic Electronic Materials using Air-Stable Organometallics
journal, November 2011

Printed thermoelectric materials and devices: Fabrication techniques, advantages, and challenges: REVIEW
journal, September 2016

Spin caloritronics
journal, January 2014

CrSe2, a new layered dichalcogenide
journal, January 1980

Frequency response of different couplant materials for mounting transducers
journal, April 2005

Overcoming Film Quality Issues for Conjugated Polymers Doped with F 4 TCNQ by Solution Sequential Processing: Hall Effect, Structural, and Optical Measurements
journal, November 2015

Recent developments in the photophysics of single-walled carbon nanotubes for their use as active and passive material elements in thin film photovoltaics
journal, January 2013

Progress towards monodisperse single-walled carbon nanotubes
journal, May 2008

Clathrate thermoelectrics
journal, October 2016

Stability, thermal and mechanical properties of PtxAly compounds
journal, June 2011

Effect of Intertube Junctions on the Thermoelectric Power of Monodispersed Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks
journal, November 2014

Thermoelectric Properties of Polymeric Mixed Conductors
journal, July 2016

Diameter dependence of thermoelectric power of semiconducting carbon nanotubes
journal, October 2015

Tuning Ferro- and Metamagnetic Transitions in Rare-Earth Cobalt Phosphides La 1− x Pr x Co 2 P 2
journal, March 2010

Significant Electronic Thermal Transport in the Conducting Polymer Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
journal, February 2015

A guest-free germanium clathrate
journal, September 2006

Nitridoborates of the Lanthanides: Synthesis, Structure Principles, and Properties of a New Class of Compounds
journal, September 2002

Solitons in conducting polymers
journal, July 1988

Achieving zT > 1 in Inexpensive Zintl Phase Ca 9 Zn 4+ x Sb 9 by Phase Boundary Mapping
journal, March 2017

Redox Sorting of Carbon Nanotubes
journal, February 2015

Charge-transport model for conducting polymers
journal, November 2016

Synthesis of ThCr2Si2-type arsenides from Bi flux
journal, January 2011

Organic thermoelectric materials for energy harvesting and temperature control
journal, August 2016

Simple Salt-Coordinated n-Type Nanocarbon Materials Stable in Air
journal, April 2016

Organic Thermoelectric Materials and Devices Based on p- and n-Type Poly(metal 1,1,2,2-ethenetetrathiolate)s
journal, January 2012

Convergence of multi-valley bands as the electronic origin of high thermoelectric performance in CoSb3 skutterudites
journal, October 2015

Increasing the Thermoelectric Power Factor of a Semiconducting Polymer by Doping from the Vapor Phase
journal, February 2016

Improved thermoelectric properties in Zn-doped Ca5Ga2Sb6
journal, January 2013

Ultralow thermal conductivity of fullerene derivatives
journal, August 2013

Giant Seebeck coefficient in semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotube film
journal, January 2014

Two-dimensional metal NaCu 6.3 Sb 3 and solid-state transformations of sodium copper antimonides
journal, January 2017

Clathrate Structure of Silicon Na8Si46 and NaxSi136 (x < 11)
journal, December 1965

On the normal modes of free vibration of inhomogeneous and anisotropic elastic objects
journal, October 1991

Highly selective dispersion of single-walled carbon nanotubes using aromatic polymers
journal, September 2007

Influence of Lattice Polarizability on the Ionic Conductivity in the Lithium Superionic Argyrodites Li 6 PS 5 X (X = Cl, Br, I)
journal, July 2017

Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy: theory and application
journal, January 2004

Breaking the Tetra-Coordinated Framework Rule: New Clathrate Ba 8 M 24 P 28+ δ ( M =Cu/Zn)
journal, January 2017

Charge-transfer crystallites as molecular electrical dopants
journal, October 2015

Mechanical alloying and milling
journal, January 2001

Connecting Electrical and Molecular Properties of Semiconducting Polymers for Thin-Film Transistors
journal, July 2008

Material and manufacturing cost considerations for thermoelectrics
journal, April 2014

Large-scale integration of flexible materials into rolled and corrugated thermoelectric modules
journal, August 2016

Measurement of the Seebeck Coefficient with Small Temperature Differences
journal, September 1961

Use of a 1 H -Benzoimidazole Derivative as an n -Type Dopant and To Enable Air-Stable Solution-Processed n -Channel Organic Thin-Film Transistors
journal, July 2010

Are Binary Copper Sulfides/Selenides Really New and Promising Thermoelectric Materials?
journal, February 2014

Lattice dynamics in intermetallic Mg 2 Ge and Mg 2 Si
journal, November 2014

Quantifying point defects in Cu 2 ZnSn(S,Se) 4 thin films using resonant x-ray diffraction
journal, October 2016

Optical measurement of doping efficiency in poly(3-hexylthiophene) solutions and thin films
journal, February 2015

Error Modeling of Seebeck Coefficient Measurements Using Finite-Element Analysis
journal, August 2012

Frequency dependence of laser ultrasonic SAW phase velocities measurements
journal, January 2013

Quantum properties of atomic-sized conductors
journal, April 2003

2D coherent charge transport in highly ordered conducting polymers doped by solid state diffusion
journal, May 2016

Rapid consolidation of powdered materials by induction hot pressing
journal, February 2011

Effective mass and Fermi surface complexity factor from ab initio band structure calculations
journal, February 2017

InAs and InSb as Thermoelectric Materials
journal, June 1959

Dopant activation in Sn-doped Ga 2 O 3 investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy
journal, December 2015

Toward High Performance n -Type Thermoelectric Materials by Rational Modification of BDPPV Backbones
journal, May 2015

Temperature fields control in the process of spark plasma sintering of thermoelectrics
journal, April 2017

Controlled n-Type Doping of Carbon Nanotube Transistors by an Organorhodium Dimer
journal, June 2016

An ac System for Measuring Thermopower
journal, August 1970

Electron Transport in Molecular Wire Junctions
journal, May 2003

Thermoelectric Performance and Defect Chemistry in n-Type Zintl KGaSb 4
journal, May 2017

On the metallic states in highly conducting iodine-doped polyacetylene
journal, November 1990

Precision laser-ultrasonic velocity measurement and elastic constant determination
journal, May 1989

Conjugated Polymer-Assisted Dispersion of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes: The Power of Polymer Wrapping
journal, July 2014

Stability and Exfoliation of Germanane: A Germanium Graphane Analogue
journal, March 2013

Thermoelectric model to characterize carrier transport in organic semiconductors
journal, August 2012

Electronic structure of alkali metal doped C 60 derived from thermoelectric power measurements
journal, December 1992

High-efficiency thermoelectric Ba 8 Cu 14 Ge 6 P 26 : bridging the gap between tetrel-based and tetrel-free clathrates
journal, January 2017

Deformation Potentials and Mobilities in Non-Polar Crystals
journal, October 1950

Thin-film metallic glass: an effective diffusion barrier for Se-doped AgSbTe2 thermoelectric modules
journal, March 2017

Lower limit to the thermal conductivity of disordered crystals
journal, September 1992

Thermoelectric Properties of Solution-Processed n-Doped Ladder-Type Conducting Polymers
journal, October 2016

Disordered electronic systems
journal, April 1985

Quantized conductance through individual rows of suspended gold atoms
journal, October 1998

Chemical Stability of (Ag,Cu)2Se: a Historical Overview
journal, March 2013

Growth of single crystals from metallic fluxes
journal, June 1992

Electron-phonon coupling and thermal transport in the thermoelectric compound Mo 3 Sb 7 x Te x
journal, December 2015

Heat transport by long mean free path vibrations in amorphous silicon nitride near room temperature
journal, June 2013

Double-Walled Carbon Nanotube Processing
journal, April 2015

Control of the Electrical Properties in Spinel Oxides by Manipulating the Cation Disorder
journal, October 2013

Phonon anharmonicity and negative thermal expansion in SnSe
journal, August 2016

Phonon engineering through crystal chemistry
journal, January 2011

Exceptionally Low Thermal Conductivities of Films of the Fullerene Derivative PCBM
journal, January 2013

Thermoelectric energy from flexible P3HT films doped with a ferric salt of triflimide anions
journal, January 2012

Ultralow thermal conductivity and high thermoelectric figure of merit in SnSe crystals
journal, April 2014

Thermochemistry, Morphology, and Optical Characterization of Germanium Allotropes
journal, May 2014

Thermoelectric and bulk mobility measurements in pentacene thin films
journal, February 2011

Oxidation of M 4 Si 4 (M = Na, K) to Clathrates by HCl or H 2 O
journal, May 2007

Thermal Conductance and Thermopower of an Individual Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube
journal, September 2005

First-principles calculation of intrinsic defect chemistry and self-doping in PbTe
journal, October 2017

Optimization of the thermoelectric figure of merit in the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
journal, May 2011

Potential for high thermoelectric performance in n-type Zintl compounds: a case study of Ba doped KAlSb 4
journal, January 2017

Anisotropies and the thermoelectric properties of semiconducting polymers
journal, September 2016

Solubility-Limited Extrinsic n-Type Doping of a High Electron Mobility Polymer for Thermoelectric Applications
journal, January 2014

Impact of the Doping Method on Conductivity and Thermopower in Semiconducting Polythiophenes
journal, October 2014

Synthesis of the intermetallic clathrate Na 2 Ba 6 Si 46 by oxidation of Na 2 BaSi 4 with HCl
journal, January 2007

Band gap estimation from temperature dependent Seebeck measurement—Deviations from the 2e|S|maxTmax relation
journal, January 2015

Stable Charge-Transfer Doping of Transparent Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Films
journal, September 2010

Uncertainty analysis for common Seebeck and electrical resistivity measurement systems
journal, August 2014

Application of n-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Chloride for the Oxidation of Intermetallic Phases
journal, January 2011

Giant Seebeck effect in pure fullerene thin films
journal, November 2015

Large thermoelectric figure of merit at high temperature in Czochralski-grown clathrate Ba8Ga16Ge30
journal, January 2006

Avoided crossing of rattler modes in thermoelectric materials
journal, August 2008

Effect of spark plasma sintering conditions on the thermoelectric properties of (Bi0.25Sb0.75)2Te3 alloys
journal, September 2016

Temperature-dependent elastic moduli of lead telluride-based thermoelectric materials
journal, January 2009

Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2
journal, June 2013

n-Type Transparent Conducting Films of Small Molecule and Polymer Amine Doped Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
journal, March 2011

Self-Doping and Electrical Conductivity in Spinel Oxides: Experimental Validation of Doping Rules
journal, February 2014

Phonon density of states and heat capacity of La 3 x Te 4
journal, November 2009

In situ studies of a platform for metastable inorganic crystal growth and materials discovery
journal, July 2014

A new approach for the Young's modulus-porosity correlation of ceramic materials
journal, January 1997

Semiconducting and Metallic Polymers:  The Fourth Generation of Polymeric Materials
journal, September 2001

High-Yield Dispersions of Large-Diameter Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Tunable Narrow Chirality Distributions
journal, February 2013

Crystal-amorphous phase transition induced by ball-milling in silicon
journal, February 1990

ATHENA , ARTEMIS , HEPHAESTUS : data analysis for X-ray absorption spectroscopy using IFEFFIT
journal, June 2005

High-temperature elastic moduli of thermoelectric SnTe1±x – y SiC nanoparticulate composites
journal, August 2013

Quantized conductance of point contacts in a two-dimensional electron gas
journal, February 1988

Enhanced stability and thermoelectric figure-of-merit in copper selenide by lithium doping
journal, June 2017

Anisotropy of the Thermal Conductivity in GaAs/AlAs Superlattices
journal, August 2013

Thermoelectric figure of merit of a one-dimensional conductor
journal, June 1993

Tuning bands of PbSe for better thermoelectric efficiency
journal, January 2014

Measurement of Seebeck coefficient using a light pulse
journal, May 1985

Stable and controlled amphoteric doping by encapsulation of organic molecules inside carbon nanotubes
journal, September 2003

The best thermoelectric.
journal, July 1996

GSAS-II : the genesis of a modern open-source all purpose crystallography software package
journal, March 2013

Unusual Thermoelectric Behavior Indicating a Hopping to Bandlike Transport Transition in Pentacene
journal, July 2012

Resolving thermoelectric “paradox” in superconductors
journal, February 2016

Multi-localization transport behaviour in bulk thermoelectric materials
journal, February 2015

Electrochemical Effects in Thermoelectric Polymers
journal, March 2016

Towards polymer-based organic thermoelectric generators
journal, January 2012

A general relationship between disorder, aggregation and charge transport in conjugated polymers
journal, August 2013

Microstructure investigations of Yb- and Bi-doped Mg2Si prepared from metal hydrides for thermoelectric applications
journal, January 2017

Tailored semiconducting carbon nanotube networks with enhanced thermoelectric properties
journal, April 2016

Observation of Thermoelectric Currents in High-Field Superconductor-Ferromagnet Tunnel Junctions
journal, March 2016

Ultrasonic Attenuation and Velocity in Hot Specimens by the Momentary Contact Method with Pressure Coupling, and Some Results on Steel to 1200°C
journal, September 1972

  • Papadakis, Emmanuel P.; Lynnworth, Lawrence C.; Fowler, Kenneth A.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 52, Issue 3B

Thermoelectric properties of n- type C 60 thin films and their application in organic thermovoltaic devices
journal, August 2011

Facile Synthesis of Ba 1– x K x Fe 2 As 2 Superconductors via Hydride Route
journal, November 2014

Micro- and Macromechanical Properties of Thermoelectric Lead Chalcogenides
journal, November 2017

Systematic Conversion of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes into n-type Thermoelectric Materials by Molecular Dopants
journal, November 2013

Realizing the full potential of conjugated polymers: innovation in polymer synthesis
journal, January 2016

Thermal Conductivity in the Radial Direction of Deformed Polymer Fibers
journal, May 2016

The formation of 1T and 2H titanium disulfide by deintercalation of NaxTiS2
journal, January 1984

Sur une nouvelle famille de clathrates minéraux isotypes des hydrates de gaz et de liquides. Interprétation des résultats obtenus
journal, December 1970

Thermodynamics of Crystals
journal, November 1972

Electrical and Thermoelectric Properties of Poly(2,7-Carbazole) Derivatives
journal, February 2009

Giant anharmonic phonon scattering in PbTe
journal, June 2011

Advances in Charge Carrier Mobilities of Semiconducting Polymers Used in Organic Transistors
journal, September 2013

Phase Boundary Mapping to Obtain n-type Mg3Sb2-Based Thermoelectrics
journal, January 2018

Young's Modulus of Various Refractory Materials as a Function of Temperature
journal, May 1959

High temperature Seebeck coefficient metrology
journal, December 2010

Charge Transport in Organic Semiconductors
journal, April 2007

Doping of organic semiconductors
journal, December 2012

Large n- and p-type thermoelectric power factors from doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films
journal, January 2017

Development of n-type cobaltocene-encapsulated carbon nanotubes with remarkable thermoelectric property
journal, January 2015

Transport near the metal-insulator transition: Polypyrrole doped with PF 6
journal, April 1994

Some Electrical Properties of Silicon I. Thermo-Electric Behavior of Metallic Silicon
journal, November 1907

High Temperature Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy: A Review
journal, January 2010

Orbitally driven giant phonon anharmonicity in SnSe
journal, October 2015

Thermocyclic stability of candidate Seebeck coefficient standard reference materials at high temperature
journal, May 2014

Semi-metallic polymers
journal, December 2013

Spatial Variation of Currents and Fields Due to Localized Scatterers in Metallic Conduction
journal, July 1957

Development of a Seebeck coefficient Standard Reference Material
journal, March 2009

Extraordinary Mobility in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes
journal, January 2004

Ionic Seebeck Effect in Conducting Polymers
journal, April 2015

Ultrasonic determination of elastic moduli in cement during hydrostatic loading to 1 GPa
journal, February 2000

Thermal Conductivity of High-Modulus Polymer Fibers
journal, June 2013

Porosity dependence of ultrasonic velocity and elastic modulus in sintered uranium dioxide — a discussion
journal, April 1986

Varying the ionic functionalities of conjugated polyelectrolytes leads to both p- and n-type carbon nanotube composites for flexible thermoelectrics
journal, January 2015

Response to “Comment on ‘Effective thermal conductivity in thermoelectric materials’” [J. Appl. Phys. 113 , 204904 (2013)]
journal, March 2014

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Chalcogenide Thermoelectrics Empowered by an Unconventional Bonding Mechanism
    journal, August 2019

    Exceptional thermoelectric performance in Mg 3 Sb 0.6 Bi 1.4 for low-grade waste heat recovery
    journal, January 2019

    Thermoelectric and vibrational properties of Be 2 C, BeMgC and Mg 2 C using first-principles method
    journal, January 2019

    Role of graphite on the thermoelectric performance of Sb 2 Te 3 /graphite nanocomposite
    journal, May 2019

    Feasibility of a high stable PbTe:In semiconductor for thermoelectric energy applications
    journal, June 2019

    Evidence of nanostructuring and reduced thermal conductivity in n-type Sb-alloyed SnSe thermoelectric polycrystals
    journal, July 2019

    Impact of the scattering physics on the power factor of complex thermoelectric materials
    journal, October 2019

    Hydride assisted synthesis of the high temperature thermoelectric phase: Yb 14 MgSb 11
    journal, October 2019

    Microwave heating and spark plasma sintering as non-conventional synthesis methods to access thermoelectric and magnetic materials
    journal, December 2019