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Title: A Life Cycle Analysis of Refinery Fuel Products Air Emissions Using Refinery Emissions Inventory Data

Abstract

With the transportation sector being a major source of air pollutant emissions, this study seeks to evaluate criteria pollutant emissions associated with the use of petroleum fuels in vehicles using the GREET® (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation) well-to-wheel model. The life cycle of petroleum fuels includes the major stages of crude recovery, crude transportation, crude refining, fuel distribution and fuel combustion (vehicle operation). This study focuses on quantifying refinery emissions, in terms of both refinery throughput and various refinery fuel products, by matching a refinery emissions inventory dataset with refinery operation information, at various levels (national, regional, facility, and process unit). The refinery emissions in terms refinery throughput (per refinery crude input, in g/mmbtu crude) are developed at a regional level for various Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADD), and also aggregated at the national level. To allocate refinery emissions to refinery products, a methodology is developed using a refinery operation optimization Linear Programming (LP) model for individual refineries. The results from individual refinery facilities are then aggregated to obtain statistical national average (capacity weighted) emissions for each product. Because refineries vary by complexity of operation, configuration, crude quality, and product slate, the derived emissions demonstratemore » large variation for each product and per unit of crude input. Relative to previous estimates used in the GREET model, the present research shows reductions in refinery (and life cycle) emissions for most criteria pollutants. The reduction is especially significant for sulfur dioxide (SOx) emissions.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Fuel Cell Technologies (FCTO)
OSTI Identifier:
1460677
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2017 International Emissions Inventory Conference, 08/14/17 - 08/18/17, Baltimore, MD, US
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Allocation; Criteria pollutants; Emissions Intensity for Refinery products; Emissions per refinery throughout; U.S. Refineries; emissions factor; life cycle assessment; well-to-wheels

Citation Formats

Sun, Pingping, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Young, Ben, Morelli, Ben, and Hawkins, Troy. A Life Cycle Analysis of Refinery Fuel Products Air Emissions Using Refinery Emissions Inventory Data. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Sun, Pingping, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Young, Ben, Morelli, Ben, & Hawkins, Troy. A Life Cycle Analysis of Refinery Fuel Products Air Emissions Using Refinery Emissions Inventory Data. United States.
Sun, Pingping, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Han, Jeongwoo, Wang, Michael, Young, Ben, Morelli, Ben, and Hawkins, Troy. Mon . "A Life Cycle Analysis of Refinery Fuel Products Air Emissions Using Refinery Emissions Inventory Data". United States.
@article{osti_1460677,
title = {A Life Cycle Analysis of Refinery Fuel Products Air Emissions Using Refinery Emissions Inventory Data},
author = {Sun, Pingping and Elgowainy, Amgad and Lu, Zifeng and Han, Jeongwoo and Wang, Michael and Young, Ben and Morelli, Ben and Hawkins, Troy},
abstractNote = {With the transportation sector being a major source of air pollutant emissions, this study seeks to evaluate criteria pollutant emissions associated with the use of petroleum fuels in vehicles using the GREET® (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation) well-to-wheel model. The life cycle of petroleum fuels includes the major stages of crude recovery, crude transportation, crude refining, fuel distribution and fuel combustion (vehicle operation). This study focuses on quantifying refinery emissions, in terms of both refinery throughput and various refinery fuel products, by matching a refinery emissions inventory dataset with refinery operation information, at various levels (national, regional, facility, and process unit). The refinery emissions in terms refinery throughput (per refinery crude input, in g/mmbtu crude) are developed at a regional level for various Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADD), and also aggregated at the national level. To allocate refinery emissions to refinery products, a methodology is developed using a refinery operation optimization Linear Programming (LP) model for individual refineries. The results from individual refinery facilities are then aggregated to obtain statistical national average (capacity weighted) emissions for each product. Because refineries vary by complexity of operation, configuration, crude quality, and product slate, the derived emissions demonstrate large variation for each product and per unit of crude input. Relative to previous estimates used in the GREET model, the present research shows reductions in refinery (and life cycle) emissions for most criteria pollutants. The reduction is especially significant for sulfur dioxide (SOx) emissions.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Conference:
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