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Title: Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars

Abstract

In this paper, we present a quantitative analysis of superfluidity and superconductivity in dense matter from observations of isolated neutron stars in the context of the minimal cooling model. Our new approach produces the best fit neutron triplet superfluid critical temperature, the best fit proton singlet superconducting critical temperature, and their associated statistical uncertainties. We find that the neutron triplet critical temperature is likely 2.09 +4.37 -1.41 x 10 8 K and that the proton singlet critical temperature is 7.59 +2.48 -5.81 x 10 9 K. However, we also show that this result only holds if the Vela neutron star is not included in the data set. If Vela is included, the gaps increase significantly to attempt to reproduce Vela's lower temperature given its young age. Further including neutron stars believed to have carbon atmospheres increases the neutron critical temperature and decreases the proton critical temperature. Finally, our method demonstrates that continued observations of isolated neutron stars can quantitatively constrain the nature of superfluidity in dense matter.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division
  3. National Autonomous Univ. of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. of Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1460179
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418070
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; PHY 1554876
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; asymmetric nuclear matter; nuclear astrophysics; nuclear matter in neutron stars; nucleon-nucleon interactions; neutron stars & pulsars

Citation Formats

Beloin, Spencer, Han, Sophia, Steiner, Andrew W., and Page, Dany. Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.015804.
Beloin, Spencer, Han, Sophia, Steiner, Andrew W., & Page, Dany. Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.015804.
Beloin, Spencer, Han, Sophia, Steiner, Andrew W., and Page, Dany. Thu . "Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.015804.
@article{osti_1460179,
title = {Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars},
author = {Beloin, Spencer and Han, Sophia and Steiner, Andrew W. and Page, Dany},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we present a quantitative analysis of superfluidity and superconductivity in dense matter from observations of isolated neutron stars in the context of the minimal cooling model. Our new approach produces the best fit neutron triplet superfluid critical temperature, the best fit proton singlet superconducting critical temperature, and their associated statistical uncertainties. We find that the neutron triplet critical temperature is likely 2.09+4.37-1.41 x 108 K and that the proton singlet critical temperature is 7.59+2.48-5.81 x 109 K. However, we also show that this result only holds if the Vela neutron star is not included in the data set. If Vela is included, the gaps increase significantly to attempt to reproduce Vela's lower temperature given its young age. Further including neutron stars believed to have carbon atmospheres increases the neutron critical temperature and decreases the proton critical temperature. Finally, our method demonstrates that continued observations of isolated neutron stars can quantitatively constrain the nature of superfluidity in dense matter.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.97.015804},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 1,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 25 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Thu Jan 25 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on January 25, 2019
Publisher's Version of Record

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Cited by: 3 works
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