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Title: Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and Φ production

Abstract

We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60% most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10% most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collisionmore » energies below 19.6 GeV.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
STAR Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1459366
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., di Ruzza, B., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Du, C. M., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Evdokimov, O., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Greiner, L., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, S., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Haque, R., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huck, P., Humanic, T. J., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jang, H., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z. H., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Koetke, D. D., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kumar, L., Lamont, M. A. C., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, X., Li, Y., Li, W., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Manion, A., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., McDonald, D., McKinzie, S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nandi, B. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Noh, S. Y., Novak, J., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pan, Y. X., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Raniwala, S., Raniwala, R., Ray, R. L., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Sakrejda, I., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Sarkar, A., Schambach, J., Scharenberg, R. P., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Seger, J., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, B., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stepanov, M., Stock, R., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Z., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vandenbroucke, M., Varma, R., Vasiliev, A. N., Vertesi, R., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, J. S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xin, K., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yepes, P., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, F., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, X., Zoulkarneeva, Y., and Zyzak, M. Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and Φ production. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903.
Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., di Ruzza, B., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Du, C. M., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Evdokimov, O., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Greiner, L., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, S., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Haque, R., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huck, P., Humanic, T. J., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jang, H., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z. H., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Koetke, D. D., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kumar, L., Lamont, M. A. C., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, X., Li, Y., Li, W., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Manion, A., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., McDonald, D., McKinzie, S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nandi, B. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Noh, S. Y., Novak, J., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pan, Y. X., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Raniwala, S., Raniwala, R., Ray, R. L., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Sakrejda, I., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Sarkar, A., Schambach, J., Scharenberg, R. P., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Seger, J., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, B., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stepanov, M., Stock, R., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Z., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vandenbroucke, M., Varma, R., Vasiliev, A. N., Vertesi, R., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, J. S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xin, K., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yepes, P., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, F., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, X., Zoulkarneeva, Y., & Zyzak, M. Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and Φ production. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903.
Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alekseev, I., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., De Silva, L. C., Debbe, R. R., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Derevschikov, A. A., di Ruzza, B., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Du, C. M., Dunkelberger, L. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Evdokimov, O., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Garand, D., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Greiner, L., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, S., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Haque, R., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Hirsch, A., Hoffmann, G. W., Horvat, S., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, H. Z., Huck, P., Humanic, T. J., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jang, H., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z. H., Kikoła, D. P., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Koetke, D. D., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kumar, L., Lamont, M. A. C., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, C., Li, X., Li, Y., Li, W., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, G. L., Ma, Y. G., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Manion, A., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., McDonald, D., McKinzie, S., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nandi, B. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Noh, S. Y., Novak, J., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pan, Y. X., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pile, P., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Poskanzer, A. M., Pruthi, N. K., Putschke, J., Qiu, H., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Raniwala, S., Raniwala, R., Ray, R. L., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Sakrejda, I., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Sarkar, A., Schambach, J., Scharenberg, R. P., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Seger, J., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Sharma, A., Sharma, B., Sharma, M. K., Shen, W. Q., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Song, L., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stepanov, M., Stock, R., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Z., Sun, X. M., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, Z., Tang, A. H., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vandenbroucke, M., Varma, R., Vasiliev, A. N., Vertesi, R., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, J. S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xin, K., Xu, Y. F., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, H., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yepes, P., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, F., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, X., Zoulkarneeva, Y., and Zyzak, M. Mon . "Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and Φ production". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1459366.
@article{osti_1459366,
title = {Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and Φ production},
author = {Adamczyk, L. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Alekseev, I. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bai, X. and Bairathi, V. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bhattarai, P. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Bouchet, J. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Campbell, J. M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chang, Z. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, J. H. and Chen, X. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Contin, G. and Crawford, H. J. and Das, S. and De Silva, L. C. and Debbe, R. R. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deng, J. and Derevschikov, A. A. and di Ruzza, B. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Draper, J. E. and Du, C. M. and Dunkelberger, L. E. and Dunlop, J. C. and Efimov, L. G. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Evdokimov, O. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Feng, Z. and Filip, P. and Fisyak, Y. and Flores, C. E. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Garand, D. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Girard, M. and Greiner, L. and Grosnick, D. and Gunarathne, D. S. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, S. and Gupta, A. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Haque, R. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Hirsch, A. and Hoffmann, G. W. and Horvat, S. and Huang, T. and Huang, X. and Huang, B. and Huang, H. Z. and Huck, P. and Humanic, T. J. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jang, H. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Khan, Z. H. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Kochenda, L. and Koetke, D. 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abstractNote = {We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60% most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10% most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903},
journal = {Physical Review C},
issn = {2469-9985},
number = 2,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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