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Title: Investigation of Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Tricalcium Silicate (C 3S) by Electron Microscopy

Abstract

A serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM) system, composed of a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an ultra-microtome installed within the SEM vacuum chamber, has been used to characterize the three-dimensional (3D) microstructure of tricalcium silicate (C 3S) grains embedded in epoxy resin. A selection of C 3S grains were segmented and rendered with 3D-image processing software, which allowed the C 3S grains to be clearly visualized and enabled statistically quantitative analysis. The results show that about 5% of the C 3S grains have volumes larger than 1 μm 3 and the average volume of the grains is 25 μm 3. Pores can also be clearly seen in the biggest C 3S grain, the volume of which is 3.6 × 10 4 μm 3, and the mean volume and total volume of all the pores within this grain are 4.8 μm 3 and 3.0 × 10 3 μm 3, respectively. This work provides a new approach for the characterization of the 3D spatial structure of raw C 3S materials, and the resulting 3D structure of the raw C 3S is important for further systematic research on the relationships between the spatial microstructure and the hydration kinetics of C 3S andmore » other cement minerals.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Tongji Univ., Shanghai (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Tongji Univ., Shanghai (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Lab. of Advanced Civil Engineering Materials
  3. Tongji Univ., Shanghai (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. College London (United Kingdom). London Center for Nanotechnology; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science
  4. Tongji Univ., Shanghai (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. College London (United Kingdom). London Center for Nanotechnology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Shanghai Pujiang Talent Program
OSTI Identifier:
1459169
Report Number(s):
BNL-206807-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944; MATEG9
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 152221; 152243; 51102181; 18PJ1410400
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM); three-dimensional (3D) structure; porosity; tricalcium silicate (C3S)

Citation Formats

Yang, Fei, Liu, Xianping, Zhao, Yongjuan, Zhang, Yongming, Wang, Peiming, Robinson, Ian, and Chen, Bo. Investigation of Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Tricalcium Silicate (C3S) by Electron Microscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/ma11071110.
Yang, Fei, Liu, Xianping, Zhao, Yongjuan, Zhang, Yongming, Wang, Peiming, Robinson, Ian, & Chen, Bo. Investigation of Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Tricalcium Silicate (C3S) by Electron Microscopy. United States. doi:10.3390/ma11071110.
Yang, Fei, Liu, Xianping, Zhao, Yongjuan, Zhang, Yongming, Wang, Peiming, Robinson, Ian, and Chen, Bo. Fri . "Investigation of Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Tricalcium Silicate (C3S) by Electron Microscopy". United States. doi:10.3390/ma11071110. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1459169.
@article{osti_1459169,
title = {Investigation of Three-Dimensional Microstructure of Tricalcium Silicate (C3S) by Electron Microscopy},
author = {Yang, Fei and Liu, Xianping and Zhao, Yongjuan and Zhang, Yongming and Wang, Peiming and Robinson, Ian and Chen, Bo},
abstractNote = {A serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM) system, composed of a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an ultra-microtome installed within the SEM vacuum chamber, has been used to characterize the three-dimensional (3D) microstructure of tricalcium silicate (C3S) grains embedded in epoxy resin. A selection of C3S grains were segmented and rendered with 3D-image processing software, which allowed the C3S grains to be clearly visualized and enabled statistically quantitative analysis. The results show that about 5% of the C3S grains have volumes larger than 1 μm3 and the average volume of the grains is 25 μm3. Pores can also be clearly seen in the biggest C3S grain, the volume of which is 3.6 × 104 μm3, and the mean volume and total volume of all the pores within this grain are 4.8 μm3 and 3.0 × 103 μm3, respectively. This work provides a new approach for the characterization of the 3D spatial structure of raw C3S materials, and the resulting 3D structure of the raw C3S is important for further systematic research on the relationships between the spatial microstructure and the hydration kinetics of C3S and other cement minerals.},
doi = {10.3390/ma11071110},
journal = {Materials},
issn = {1996-1944},
number = 7,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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