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Title: Nuclear heating, radiation damage, and waste management options for the HYLIFE-II final focus magnets

Abstract

Heavy-ion fusion (HIF) designs for inertial fusion energy (XFE) power plants typically require final focusing magnets just outside the reaction chamber and blanket. Due to penetrations within the chamber and blanket, the magnets are exposed to a radiation environment. Although the magnet bores would be sized to avoid line-of-sight irradiation, the magnets still would be susceptible to nuclear heating and radiation damage from neutrons and y-rays. Additionally, the magnets must be included in waste management considerations due to neutron activation. Modified versions of the HYLIFE-II IFE power plant featuring two-sided illumination by arrays of 32 or 96 beams from each side are presented. A simple, point-of-departure quadrupole magnet design is assumed, and a three-dimensional neutronics model is created for the Flibe pocket, first wall, blanket, shield, and final two focusing magnets. This work details state-of-the-art neutronics calculations and shows that the final focus system needs to be included in the economic and environmental considerations for the driver-chamber interface of any HIF IFE power plant design.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Defense Programs (DP) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
14585
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-134820; AT5015032
AT5015032; TRN: US0106172
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: First International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications, Bordeaux (FR), 09/12/1999--09/17/1999; Other Information: PBD: 9 Aug 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; HYLIFE CONVERTER; FIRST WALL; HEATING; MAGNETS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIATION EFFECTS; THERMONUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; DESIGN

Citation Formats

Latkowski, J F, Moir, R W, and House, P A. Nuclear heating, radiation damage, and waste management options for the HYLIFE-II final focus magnets. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Latkowski, J F, Moir, R W, & House, P A. Nuclear heating, radiation damage, and waste management options for the HYLIFE-II final focus magnets. United States.
Latkowski, J F, Moir, R W, and House, P A. Mon . "Nuclear heating, radiation damage, and waste management options for the HYLIFE-II final focus magnets". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/14585.
@article{osti_14585,
title = {Nuclear heating, radiation damage, and waste management options for the HYLIFE-II final focus magnets},
author = {Latkowski, J F and Moir, R W and House, P A},
abstractNote = {Heavy-ion fusion (HIF) designs for inertial fusion energy (XFE) power plants typically require final focusing magnets just outside the reaction chamber and blanket. Due to penetrations within the chamber and blanket, the magnets are exposed to a radiation environment. Although the magnet bores would be sized to avoid line-of-sight irradiation, the magnets still would be susceptible to nuclear heating and radiation damage from neutrons and y-rays. Additionally, the magnets must be included in waste management considerations due to neutron activation. Modified versions of the HYLIFE-II IFE power plant featuring two-sided illumination by arrays of 32 or 96 beams from each side are presented. A simple, point-of-departure quadrupole magnet design is assumed, and a three-dimensional neutronics model is created for the Flibe pocket, first wall, blanket, shield, and final two focusing magnets. This work details state-of-the-art neutronics calculations and shows that the final focus system needs to be included in the economic and environmental considerations for the driver-chamber interface of any HIF IFE power plant design.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {8}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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