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Title: Stable Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Solar Cells via In Situ Grain Encapsulation

Abstract

Formamidinium (FA)-based lead iodide perovskites have emerged as the most promising light-absorber materials in the prevailing perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, they suffer from the phase-instability issue in the ambient atmosphere, which is holding back the realization of the full potential of FA-based PSCs in the context of high efficiency and stability. Herein, the tetraethylorthosilicate hydrolysis process is integrated with the solution crystallization of FA-based perovskites, forming a new film structure with individual perovskite grains encapsulated by amorphous silica layers that are in situ formed at the nanoscale. The silica not only protects perovskite grains from the degradation but also enhances the charge-carrier dynamics of perovskite films. The underlying mechanism is discussed using a joint experiment-theory approach. Through this in situ grain encapsulation method, PSCs show an efficiency close to 20% with an impressive 97% retention after 1000-h storage under ambient conditions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [2];  [5];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 China
  2. School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence RI 02912 USA
  3. Chemistry and Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden CO 80401 USA; Center for Nano Energy Materials, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072 China
  4. Department of Chemistry, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln NE 68588 USA
  5. Chemistry and Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden CO 80401 USA
  6. State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100871 China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan Shanxi 030006 China
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1457665
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-71191
Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Advanced Energy Materials; Journal Volume: none; Journal Issue: none
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; charge transport; encapsulate; perovskite; silica; stability

Citation Formats

Liu, Tanghao, Zhou, Yuanyuan, Li, Zhen, Zhang, Lin, Ju, Ming-Gang, Luo, Deying, Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Wenqiang, Padture, Nitin P., Beard, Matthew C., Zeng, Xiao Cheng, Zhu, Kai, Gong, Qihuang, and Zhu, Rui. Stable Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Solar Cells via In Situ Grain Encapsulation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201800232.
Liu, Tanghao, Zhou, Yuanyuan, Li, Zhen, Zhang, Lin, Ju, Ming-Gang, Luo, Deying, Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Wenqiang, Padture, Nitin P., Beard, Matthew C., Zeng, Xiao Cheng, Zhu, Kai, Gong, Qihuang, & Zhu, Rui. Stable Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Solar Cells via In Situ Grain Encapsulation. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201800232.
Liu, Tanghao, Zhou, Yuanyuan, Li, Zhen, Zhang, Lin, Ju, Ming-Gang, Luo, Deying, Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Kim, Dong Hoe, Yang, Wenqiang, Padture, Nitin P., Beard, Matthew C., Zeng, Xiao Cheng, Zhu, Kai, Gong, Qihuang, and Zhu, Rui. Thu . "Stable Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Solar Cells via In Situ Grain Encapsulation". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201800232.
@article{osti_1457665,
title = {Stable Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Solar Cells via In Situ Grain Encapsulation},
author = {Liu, Tanghao and Zhou, Yuanyuan and Li, Zhen and Zhang, Lin and Ju, Ming-Gang and Luo, Deying and Yang, Ye and Yang, Mengjin and Kim, Dong Hoe and Yang, Wenqiang and Padture, Nitin P. and Beard, Matthew C. and Zeng, Xiao Cheng and Zhu, Kai and Gong, Qihuang and Zhu, Rui},
abstractNote = {Formamidinium (FA)-based lead iodide perovskites have emerged as the most promising light-absorber materials in the prevailing perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, they suffer from the phase-instability issue in the ambient atmosphere, which is holding back the realization of the full potential of FA-based PSCs in the context of high efficiency and stability. Herein, the tetraethylorthosilicate hydrolysis process is integrated with the solution crystallization of FA-based perovskites, forming a new film structure with individual perovskite grains encapsulated by amorphous silica layers that are in situ formed at the nanoscale. The silica not only protects perovskite grains from the degradation but also enhances the charge-carrier dynamics of perovskite films. The underlying mechanism is discussed using a joint experiment-theory approach. Through this in situ grain encapsulation method, PSCs show an efficiency close to 20% with an impressive 97% retention after 1000-h storage under ambient conditions.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201800232},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = none,
volume = none,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu May 31 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}