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Title: Optical Absorbance Enhancement in PbS QD/Cinnamate Ligand Complexes

Abstract

We studied the optical absorption enhancement in colloidal suspensions of PbS quantum dots (QD) upon ligand exchange from oleate to a series of cinnamate ligands. By combining experiments and ab initio simulations, we elucidate physical parameters that govern the optical absorption enhancement. We find that within the cinnamate/PbS QD system the optical absorption enhancement scales linearly with the electronic gap of the ligand, indicating that the ligand/QD coupling occurs equally efficient between the QD and ligand HOMO and their respective LUMO levels. Disruption of the conjugation that connects the aromatic ring and its substituents to the QD core causes a reduction of the electronic coupling. Our results further support the notion that the ligand/QD complex should be considered as a distinct chemical system with emergent behavior rather than a QD core with ligands whose sole purpose is to passivate surface dangling bonds and prevent agglomeration.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Chemistry &, Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States
  2. Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois 60439, United States; Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
  3. Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States
  4. Chemistry &, Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
  5. Department of Chemistry and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
  6. Chemistry &, Nanoscience Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States; Department of Chemistry and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1457664
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70974
Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters; Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; quantum dots; quantum dot/ligand interactions; tunable properties; ligand exchange

Citation Formats

Kroupa, Daniel M., Vörös, Márton, Brawand, Nicholas P., Bronstein, Noah, McNichols, Brett W., Castaneda, Chloe V., Nozik, Arthur J., Sellinger, Alan, Galli, Giulia, and Beard, Matthew C. Optical Absorbance Enhancement in PbS QD/Cinnamate Ligand Complexes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01451.
Kroupa, Daniel M., Vörös, Márton, Brawand, Nicholas P., Bronstein, Noah, McNichols, Brett W., Castaneda, Chloe V., Nozik, Arthur J., Sellinger, Alan, Galli, Giulia, & Beard, Matthew C. Optical Absorbance Enhancement in PbS QD/Cinnamate Ligand Complexes. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01451.
Kroupa, Daniel M., Vörös, Márton, Brawand, Nicholas P., Bronstein, Noah, McNichols, Brett W., Castaneda, Chloe V., Nozik, Arthur J., Sellinger, Alan, Galli, Giulia, and Beard, Matthew C. Fri . "Optical Absorbance Enhancement in PbS QD/Cinnamate Ligand Complexes". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01451.
@article{osti_1457664,
title = {Optical Absorbance Enhancement in PbS QD/Cinnamate Ligand Complexes},
author = {Kroupa, Daniel M. and Vörös, Márton and Brawand, Nicholas P. and Bronstein, Noah and McNichols, Brett W. and Castaneda, Chloe V. and Nozik, Arthur J. and Sellinger, Alan and Galli, Giulia and Beard, Matthew C.},
abstractNote = {We studied the optical absorption enhancement in colloidal suspensions of PbS quantum dots (QD) upon ligand exchange from oleate to a series of cinnamate ligands. By combining experiments and ab initio simulations, we elucidate physical parameters that govern the optical absorption enhancement. We find that within the cinnamate/PbS QD system the optical absorption enhancement scales linearly with the electronic gap of the ligand, indicating that the ligand/QD coupling occurs equally efficient between the QD and ligand HOMO and their respective LUMO levels. Disruption of the conjugation that connects the aromatic ring and its substituents to the QD core causes a reduction of the electronic coupling. Our results further support the notion that the ligand/QD complex should be considered as a distinct chemical system with emergent behavior rather than a QD core with ligands whose sole purpose is to passivate surface dangling bonds and prevent agglomeration.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b01451},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters},
number = 12,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}