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Title: The links between ecosystem multifunctionality and above- and belowground biodiversity are mediated by climate

Abstract

Plant biodiversity is often correlated with ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. However, we know little about the relative and combined effects of above- and belowground biodiversity on multiple ecosystem functions (for example, ecosystem multifunctionality, EMF) or how climate might mediate those relationships. Here we tease apart the effects of biotic and abiotic factors, both above- and belowground, on EMF on the Tibetan Plateau, China. We found that a suite of biotic and abiotic variables account for up to 86% of the variation in EMF, with the combined effects of above- and belowground biodiversity accounting for 45% of the variation in EMF. Our results have two important implications: first, including belowground biodiversity in models can improve the ability to explain and predict EMF. Second, regional-scale variation in climate, and perhaps climate change, can determine, or at least modify, the effects of biodiversity on EMF in natural ecosystems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]
  1. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education
  2. Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing (China). State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science
  4. Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). Natural History Museum of Denmark
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining (China). Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology
  6. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China). Institute of Botany
  7. Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing (China). Institute of Forest Ecology
  8. Peking Univ., Beijing (China). Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining (China). Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1456901
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010562
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Jing, Xin, Sanders, Nathan J., Shi, Yu, Chu, Haiyan, Classen, Aimee T., Zhao, Ke, Chen, Litong, Shi, Yue, Jiang, Youxu, and He, Jin-Sheng. The links between ecosystem multifunctionality and above- and belowground biodiversity are mediated by climate. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms9159.
Jing, Xin, Sanders, Nathan J., Shi, Yu, Chu, Haiyan, Classen, Aimee T., Zhao, Ke, Chen, Litong, Shi, Yue, Jiang, Youxu, & He, Jin-Sheng. The links between ecosystem multifunctionality and above- and belowground biodiversity are mediated by climate. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms9159.
Jing, Xin, Sanders, Nathan J., Shi, Yu, Chu, Haiyan, Classen, Aimee T., Zhao, Ke, Chen, Litong, Shi, Yue, Jiang, Youxu, and He, Jin-Sheng. Wed . "The links between ecosystem multifunctionality and above- and belowground biodiversity are mediated by climate". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms9159. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456901.
@article{osti_1456901,
title = {The links between ecosystem multifunctionality and above- and belowground biodiversity are mediated by climate},
author = {Jing, Xin and Sanders, Nathan J. and Shi, Yu and Chu, Haiyan and Classen, Aimee T. and Zhao, Ke and Chen, Litong and Shi, Yue and Jiang, Youxu and He, Jin-Sheng},
abstractNote = {Plant biodiversity is often correlated with ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems. However, we know little about the relative and combined effects of above- and belowground biodiversity on multiple ecosystem functions (for example, ecosystem multifunctionality, EMF) or how climate might mediate those relationships. Here we tease apart the effects of biotic and abiotic factors, both above- and belowground, on EMF on the Tibetan Plateau, China. We found that a suite of biotic and abiotic variables account for up to 86% of the variation in EMF, with the combined effects of above- and belowground biodiversity accounting for 45% of the variation in EMF. Our results have two important implications: first, including belowground biodiversity in models can improve the ability to explain and predict EMF. Second, regional-scale variation in climate, and perhaps climate change, can determine, or at least modify, the effects of biodiversity on EMF in natural ecosystems.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms9159},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Sep 02 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Wed Sep 02 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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