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Title: Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and Metrics Data of Global Surface Ozone Observations

Abstract

In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world's largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health,more » agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [10];  [11];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15] more »;  [16];  [14];  [17];  [18];  [19];  [4];  [20];  [4];  [21];  [22];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [30];  [12];  [31];  [32];  [33];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [38];  [39];  [40];  [41];  [42];  [43];  [44];  [45];  [11];  [46];  [44];  [47];  [48];  [49];  [50];  [22];  [51];  [52];  [53];  [54];  [54];  [3];  [55];  [56];  [41];  [57];  [3];  [58];  [59];  [60];  [61];  [62];  [63];  [64];  [65];  [66];  [64];  [67];  [36];  [68]; ORCiD logo [69];  [70];  [71];  [72];  [73];  [74];  [75];  [76];  [77];  [78];  [79] « less
  1. Institute for Energy and Climate Research (IEK-8), Forschungszentrum, Jülich (Germany); Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC), Forschungszentrum Jülich (Germany)
  2. Institute for Energy and Climate Research (IEK-8), Forschungszentrum, Jülich (Germany)
  3. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. CSIRO Climate Science Centre, Aspendale, Victoria (Australia)
  5. Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam (Germany)
  6. National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan)
  7. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  8. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Nainital (India)
  9. Environmental Department, SAGU, Santiago (Chile)
  10. German Environment Agency/Umweltbundesamt, Dessau-Roßlau (Germany)
  11. Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), Kjeller (Norway)
  12. National Institute of Environmental Research, Incheon (Korea)
  13. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  14. Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Tokyo (Japan)
  15. Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) – Office of Atmospheric Programs (OAP), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)
  16. Air Quality Processes Research Section, Air Quality Research Division/Science and Technology Branch, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto (Canada)
  17. German Environment Agency/Umweltbundesamt, Langen (Germany)
  18. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico)
  19. National Central University, Taoyuan City (Taiwan)
  20. Korea University, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul (South Korea)
  21. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa)
  22. Hong Kong Polytechnic University (China)
  23. Environment Centre Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd (United Kingdom)
  24. National Institute for Aerospace Technology (INTA), Ctra. Huelva – Matalascañas, Mazagón, Huelva, ES (Spain)
  25. Sorbonne Université, UPMC, Paris (France)
  26. Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico – RSE S.p.A., Milano (Italy)
  27. University of Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  28. Buenos Aires Main Observatory (Argentina)
  29. Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute IMWM-NRI Gdynia Maritime Branch, Centre for Oceanography and Monitoring of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere, Warszawa (Poland)
  30. National Research Council, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Bologna (Italy)
  31. Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS (France)
  32. Izana Atmospheric Research Center, State Meteorological Agency of Spain (AEMET), Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain)
  33. Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego (Argentina)
  34. Institute of Environmental Protection – National Research Institute, Warsaw (Poland)
  35. Nanjing Univ. (China)
  36. Umweltbundesamt/Federal Environment Agency Austria, Vienna (Austria)
  37. Latvian Environment Geology and Meteorology Centre, Riga (Latvia)
  38. National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki (India)
  39. University of Toulouse, CNRS, UPS (France)
  40. Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeissenberg, German Meteorological Service (DWD), Hohenpeissenberg (Germany); German Meteorological Service (DWD), Research Center Human Biometeorology, Freiburg (Germany)
  41. Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation Branch, National Institute for Aerospace Technology (INTA), Madrid (Spain)
  42. LSCE, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, IPSL, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  43. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  44. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  45. Portuguese Institute for Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA), Ponta Delgada, Azores (Portugal)
  46. Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeissenberg, German Meteorological Service (DWD), Hohenpeissenberg (Germany)
  47. Aarhus University (Denmark)
  48. University of Washington-Bothell, Bothell, WA (United States)
  49. National institute of Aeronautics and Space, Jl., Bandung (Indonesia)
  50. Meteorological Observatory Hohenpeissenberg, German Meteorological Service (DWD), Hohenpeissenberg (Germany)
  51. Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki (Finland)
  52. National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Korea Meteorological Administration, Jeju (Korea)
  53. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Jerusalem (Israel)
  54. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
  55. Malaysian Meteorological Department, Jalan Sultan, Petaling Jaya (Malaysia)
  56. Slovenian Environment Agency, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  57. Administratia Nationala de Meteorologie, Sos Bucuresti-Ploiesti (Romania)
  58. Univ. of York (United Kingdom)
  59. Auckland Council, Auckland (New Zealand)
  60. German Environment Agency, GAW Global Observatory Zugspitze/Hohenpeissenberg, Zugspitze (Germany)
  61. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (India)
  62. State University of New York at Albany, NY (United States)
  63. Office of Environment and Heritage, Sydney, New South Wales (Australia)
  64. Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)
  65. Bristol Univ. (United Kingdom)
  66. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Mohali (India)
  67. National University of Ireland Galway (Ireland)
  68. National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven (Netherlands)
  69. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  70. South Australia Environment Protection Authority, Adelaide (Australia)
  71. Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa), Dübendorf (Switzerland)
  72. Indonesian Agency for Meteorological Climatological and Geophysics, Jakarta (Indonesia)
  73. Environment Protection Authority Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia)
  74. Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung, Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU), Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Germany)
  75. Meteorological Observation Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing (China)
  76. Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven (Germany)
  77. Key Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing (China)
  78. Shandong University, Ji’nan, Shandong (China)
  79. Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1456890
Report Number(s):
BNL-205783-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2325-1026
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Elementa
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 0; Journal ID: ISSN 2325-1026
Publisher:
University of California Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; tropospheric ozone; ground-level ozone; monitoring; database

Citation Formats

Schultz, Martin G., Schroder, Sabine, Lyapina, Olga, Cooper, Owen, Galbally, Ian, Petropavlovskikh, Irina, Von Schneidemesser, Erika, Tanimoto, Hiroshi, Elshorbany, Yasin, Naja, Manish, Seguel, Rodrigo, Dauert, Ute, Eckhardt, Paul, Feigenspahn, Stefan, Fiebig, Markus, Hjellbrekke, Anne-Gunn, Hong, You-Deog, Christian Kjeld, Peter, Koide, Hiroshi, Lear, Gary, Tarasick, David, Ueno, Mikio, Wallasch, Markus, Baumgardner, Darrel, Chuang, Ming-Tung, Gillett, Robert, Lee, Meehye, Molloy, Suzie, Moolla, Raeesa, Wang, Tao, Sharps, Katrina, Adame, Jose A., Ancellet, Gerard, Apadula, Francesco, Artaxo, Paulo, Barlasina, Maria, Bogucka, Magdalena, Bonasoni, Paolo, Chang, Limseok, Colomb, Aurelie, Cuevas, Emilio, Cupeiro, Manuel, Degorska, Anna, Ding, Aijun, Frohlich, Marina, Frolova, Marina, Gadhavi, Harish, Gheusi, Francois, Gilge, Stefan, Gonzalez, Margarita Y., Gros, Valerie, Hamad, Samera H., Helmig, Detlev, Henriques, Diamantino, Hermansen, Ove, Holla, Robert, Huber, Jacques, Im, Ulas, Jaffe, Daniel A., Komala, Ninong, Kubistin, Dagmar, Lam, Ka-Se, Laurila, Tuomas, Lee, Haeyoung, Levy, Ilan, Mazzoleni, Claudio, Mazzoleni, Lynn, McClure-Begley, Audra, Mohamad, Maznorizan, Murovic, Marijana, Navarro-Comas, M., Nicodim, Florin, Parrish, David, Read, Katie A., Reid, Nick, Ries, Ludwig, Saxena, Pallavi, Schwab, James J., Scorgie, Yvonne, Senik, Irina, Simmonds, Peter, Sinha, Vinayak, Skorokhod, Andrey, Spain, Gerard, Spangl, Wolfgang, Spoor, Ronald, Springston, Stephen R., Steer, Kelvyn, Steinbacher, Martin, Suharguniyawan, Eka, Torre, Paul, Trickl, Thomas, Weili, Lin, Weller, Rolf, Xu, Xiaobin, Xue, Likun, and Zhiqiang, Ma. Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and Metrics Data of Global Surface Ozone Observations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1525/elementa.244.
Schultz, Martin G., Schroder, Sabine, Lyapina, Olga, Cooper, Owen, Galbally, Ian, Petropavlovskikh, Irina, Von Schneidemesser, Erika, Tanimoto, Hiroshi, Elshorbany, Yasin, Naja, Manish, Seguel, Rodrigo, Dauert, Ute, Eckhardt, Paul, Feigenspahn, Stefan, Fiebig, Markus, Hjellbrekke, Anne-Gunn, Hong, You-Deog, Christian Kjeld, Peter, Koide, Hiroshi, Lear, Gary, Tarasick, David, Ueno, Mikio, Wallasch, Markus, Baumgardner, Darrel, Chuang, Ming-Tung, Gillett, Robert, Lee, Meehye, Molloy, Suzie, Moolla, Raeesa, Wang, Tao, Sharps, Katrina, Adame, Jose A., Ancellet, Gerard, Apadula, Francesco, Artaxo, Paulo, Barlasina, Maria, Bogucka, Magdalena, Bonasoni, Paolo, Chang, Limseok, Colomb, Aurelie, Cuevas, Emilio, Cupeiro, Manuel, Degorska, Anna, Ding, Aijun, Frohlich, Marina, Frolova, Marina, Gadhavi, Harish, Gheusi, Francois, Gilge, Stefan, Gonzalez, Margarita Y., Gros, Valerie, Hamad, Samera H., Helmig, Detlev, Henriques, Diamantino, Hermansen, Ove, Holla, Robert, Huber, Jacques, Im, Ulas, Jaffe, Daniel A., Komala, Ninong, Kubistin, Dagmar, Lam, Ka-Se, Laurila, Tuomas, Lee, Haeyoung, Levy, Ilan, Mazzoleni, Claudio, Mazzoleni, Lynn, McClure-Begley, Audra, Mohamad, Maznorizan, Murovic, Marijana, Navarro-Comas, M., Nicodim, Florin, Parrish, David, Read, Katie A., Reid, Nick, Ries, Ludwig, Saxena, Pallavi, Schwab, James J., Scorgie, Yvonne, Senik, Irina, Simmonds, Peter, Sinha, Vinayak, Skorokhod, Andrey, Spain, Gerard, Spangl, Wolfgang, Spoor, Ronald, Springston, Stephen R., Steer, Kelvyn, Steinbacher, Martin, Suharguniyawan, Eka, Torre, Paul, Trickl, Thomas, Weili, Lin, Weller, Rolf, Xu, Xiaobin, Xue, Likun, & Zhiqiang, Ma. Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and Metrics Data of Global Surface Ozone Observations. United States. doi:10.1525/elementa.244.
Schultz, Martin G., Schroder, Sabine, Lyapina, Olga, Cooper, Owen, Galbally, Ian, Petropavlovskikh, Irina, Von Schneidemesser, Erika, Tanimoto, Hiroshi, Elshorbany, Yasin, Naja, Manish, Seguel, Rodrigo, Dauert, Ute, Eckhardt, Paul, Feigenspahn, Stefan, Fiebig, Markus, Hjellbrekke, Anne-Gunn, Hong, You-Deog, Christian Kjeld, Peter, Koide, Hiroshi, Lear, Gary, Tarasick, David, Ueno, Mikio, Wallasch, Markus, Baumgardner, Darrel, Chuang, Ming-Tung, Gillett, Robert, Lee, Meehye, Molloy, Suzie, Moolla, Raeesa, Wang, Tao, Sharps, Katrina, Adame, Jose A., Ancellet, Gerard, Apadula, Francesco, Artaxo, Paulo, Barlasina, Maria, Bogucka, Magdalena, Bonasoni, Paolo, Chang, Limseok, Colomb, Aurelie, Cuevas, Emilio, Cupeiro, Manuel, Degorska, Anna, Ding, Aijun, Frohlich, Marina, Frolova, Marina, Gadhavi, Harish, Gheusi, Francois, Gilge, Stefan, Gonzalez, Margarita Y., Gros, Valerie, Hamad, Samera H., Helmig, Detlev, Henriques, Diamantino, Hermansen, Ove, Holla, Robert, Huber, Jacques, Im, Ulas, Jaffe, Daniel A., Komala, Ninong, Kubistin, Dagmar, Lam, Ka-Se, Laurila, Tuomas, Lee, Haeyoung, Levy, Ilan, Mazzoleni, Claudio, Mazzoleni, Lynn, McClure-Begley, Audra, Mohamad, Maznorizan, Murovic, Marijana, Navarro-Comas, M., Nicodim, Florin, Parrish, David, Read, Katie A., Reid, Nick, Ries, Ludwig, Saxena, Pallavi, Schwab, James J., Scorgie, Yvonne, Senik, Irina, Simmonds, Peter, Sinha, Vinayak, Skorokhod, Andrey, Spain, Gerard, Spangl, Wolfgang, Spoor, Ronald, Springston, Stephen R., Steer, Kelvyn, Steinbacher, Martin, Suharguniyawan, Eka, Torre, Paul, Trickl, Thomas, Weili, Lin, Weller, Rolf, Xu, Xiaobin, Xue, Likun, and Zhiqiang, Ma. Mon . "Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and Metrics Data of Global Surface Ozone Observations". United States. doi:10.1525/elementa.244. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1456890.
@article{osti_1456890,
title = {Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report: Database and Metrics Data of Global Surface Ozone Observations},
author = {Schultz, Martin G. and Schroder, Sabine and Lyapina, Olga and Cooper, Owen and Galbally, Ian and Petropavlovskikh, Irina and Von Schneidemesser, Erika and Tanimoto, Hiroshi and Elshorbany, Yasin and Naja, Manish and Seguel, Rodrigo and Dauert, Ute and Eckhardt, Paul and Feigenspahn, Stefan and Fiebig, Markus and Hjellbrekke, Anne-Gunn and Hong, You-Deog and Christian Kjeld, Peter and Koide, Hiroshi and Lear, Gary and Tarasick, David and Ueno, Mikio and Wallasch, Markus and Baumgardner, Darrel and Chuang, Ming-Tung and Gillett, Robert and Lee, Meehye and Molloy, Suzie and Moolla, Raeesa and Wang, Tao and Sharps, Katrina and Adame, Jose A. and Ancellet, Gerard and Apadula, Francesco and Artaxo, Paulo and Barlasina, Maria and Bogucka, Magdalena and Bonasoni, Paolo and Chang, Limseok and Colomb, Aurelie and Cuevas, Emilio and Cupeiro, Manuel and Degorska, Anna and Ding, Aijun and Frohlich, Marina and Frolova, Marina and Gadhavi, Harish and Gheusi, Francois and Gilge, Stefan and Gonzalez, Margarita Y. and Gros, Valerie and Hamad, Samera H. and Helmig, Detlev and Henriques, Diamantino and Hermansen, Ove and Holla, Robert and Huber, Jacques and Im, Ulas and Jaffe, Daniel A. and Komala, Ninong and Kubistin, Dagmar and Lam, Ka-Se and Laurila, Tuomas and Lee, Haeyoung and Levy, Ilan and Mazzoleni, Claudio and Mazzoleni, Lynn and McClure-Begley, Audra and Mohamad, Maznorizan and Murovic, Marijana and Navarro-Comas, M. and Nicodim, Florin and Parrish, David and Read, Katie A. and Reid, Nick and Ries, Ludwig and Saxena, Pallavi and Schwab, James J. and Scorgie, Yvonne and Senik, Irina and Simmonds, Peter and Sinha, Vinayak and Skorokhod, Andrey and Spain, Gerard and Spangl, Wolfgang and Spoor, Ronald and Springston, Stephen R. and Steer, Kelvyn and Steinbacher, Martin and Suharguniyawan, Eka and Torre, Paul and Trickl, Thomas and Weili, Lin and Weller, Rolf and Xu, Xiaobin and Xue, Likun and Zhiqiang, Ma},
abstractNote = {In support of the first Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) a relational database of global surface ozone observations has been developed and populated with hourly measurement data and enhanced metadata. A comprehensive suite of ozone data products including standard statistics, health and vegetation impact metrics, and trend information, are made available through a common data portal and a web interface. These data form the basis of the TOAR analyses focusing on human health, vegetation, and climate relevant ozone issues, which are part of this special feature. Cooperation among many data centers and individual researchers worldwide made it possible to build the world's largest collection of in-situ hourly surface ozone data covering the period from 1970 to 2015. By combining the data from almost 10,000 measurement sites around the world with global metadata information, new analyses of surface ozone have become possible, such as the first globally consistent characterisations of measurement sites as either urban or rural/remote. Exploitation of these global metadata allows for new insights into the global distribution, and seasonal and long-term changes of tropospheric ozone and they enable TOAR to perform the first, globally consistent analysis of present-day ozone concentrations and recent ozone changes with relevance to health, agriculture, and climate. Considerable effort was made to harmonize and synthesize data formats and metadata information from various networks and individual data submissions. Extensive quality control was applied to identify questionable and erroneous data, including changes in apparent instrument offsets or calibrations. Such data were excluded from TOAR data products. Limitations of a posteriori data quality assurance are discussed. As a result of the work presented here, global coverage of surface ozone data for scientific analysis has been significantly extended. Yet, large gaps remain in the surface observation network both in terms of regions without monitoring, and in terms of regions that have monitoring programs but no public access to the data archive. Therefore future improvements to the database will require not only improved data harmonization, but also expanded data sharing and increased monitoring in data-sparse regions.},
doi = {10.1525/elementa.244},
journal = {Elementa},
number = 0,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Nov 27 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Mon Nov 27 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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