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Title: Materials-engineering challenges for the fusion core and lifetime components of the fusion nuclear science facility

Abstract

From the perspective of materials research and development (R&D) for the fusion core and near-core lifetime components of deuterium-tritium fusion power systems, the Fusion Neutron Science Facility (FNSF) concept plays a very important function by generating the complete fusion in-service environment and providing a platform for materials component-level testing. The FNSF provides the critical link between the ITER-era and the electricity- producing facilities, DEMO and the commercial power plant. The main features of the FNSF are described and the rationale presented for the selection of structural materials to meet the challenges of the power core components and also for the system lifetime components. The calculated radiation damage parameters and potential operating temperatures requirements for each of the operational phases are presented ranging from nuclear break-in up to DEMO relevant conditions. The interdependence of the FNSF and fusion nuclear materials research are discussed, and examples of near-term materials R&D activities are outlined which could address several current FNSF-related design issues.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1456308
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1474671
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Materials and Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-1791
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Rowcliffe, A. F., Kessel, C. E., Katoh, Y., Garrison, L. M., Tan, L., Yamamoto, Y., and Wiffen, F. W. Materials-engineering challenges for the fusion core and lifetime components of the fusion nuclear science facility. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2018.05.025.
Rowcliffe, A. F., Kessel, C. E., Katoh, Y., Garrison, L. M., Tan, L., Yamamoto, Y., & Wiffen, F. W. Materials-engineering challenges for the fusion core and lifetime components of the fusion nuclear science facility. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2018.05.025.
Rowcliffe, A. F., Kessel, C. E., Katoh, Y., Garrison, L. M., Tan, L., Yamamoto, Y., and Wiffen, F. W. Fri . "Materials-engineering challenges for the fusion core and lifetime components of the fusion nuclear science facility". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2018.05.025.
@article{osti_1456308,
title = {Materials-engineering challenges for the fusion core and lifetime components of the fusion nuclear science facility},
author = {Rowcliffe, A. F. and Kessel, C. E. and Katoh, Y. and Garrison, L. M. and Tan, L. and Yamamoto, Y. and Wiffen, F. W.},
abstractNote = {From the perspective of materials research and development (R&D) for the fusion core and near-core lifetime components of deuterium-tritium fusion power systems, the Fusion Neutron Science Facility (FNSF) concept plays a very important function by generating the complete fusion in-service environment and providing a platform for materials component-level testing. The FNSF provides the critical link between the ITER-era and the electricity- producing facilities, DEMO and the commercial power plant. The main features of the FNSF are described and the rationale presented for the selection of structural materials to meet the challenges of the power core components and also for the system lifetime components. The calculated radiation damage parameters and potential operating temperatures requirements for each of the operational phases are presented ranging from nuclear break-in up to DEMO relevant conditions. The interdependence of the FNSF and fusion nuclear materials research are discussed, and examples of near-term materials R&D activities are outlined which could address several current FNSF-related design issues.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nme.2018.05.025},
journal = {Nuclear Materials and Energy},
number = ,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 22 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Fri Jun 22 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1016/j.nme.2018.05.025

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