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Title: Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package

Abstract

We apply principles of Gibbs phase plane chemistry across the entire ocean-atmosphere interface to investigate aerosol generation and geophysical transfer issues. Marine surface tension differences comprise a tangential pressure field controlling trace gas fluxes, primary organic inputs, and sea spray salt injections, in addition to heat and momentum fluxes. Mapping follows from the organic microlayer composition, now represented in ocean system models. Organic functional variations drive the microforcing, leading to (1) reduced turbulence and (by extension) laminar gas-energy diffusion; plus (2) altered bubble film mass emission into the boundary layer. Interfacial chemical behaviors are, therefore, closely reviewed as the background. We focus on phase transitions among two dimensional "solid, liquid, and gaseous" states serving as elasticity indicators. From the pool of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) only proteins and lipids appear to occupy significant atmospheric interfacial areas. The literature suggests albumin and stearic acid as the best proxies, and we distribute them through ecodynamic simulation. Consensus bulk distributions are obtained to control their adsorptive equilibria. We devise parameterizations for both the planar free energy and equation of state, relating excess coverage to the surface pressure and its modulus. Constant settings for the molecular surrogates are drawn from laboratory study and successfullymore » reproduce surfactant solid-to-gas occurrence in compression experiments. Since DOC functionality measurements are rare, we group them into super-ecological province tables to verify aqueous concentration estimates. Outputs are then fed into a coverage, tension, elasticity code. The resulting two dimensional pressure contours cross a critical range for the regulation of precursor piston velocity, bubble breakage, and primary aerosol sources plus ripple damping. Concepts extend the water-air adsorption theory currently embodied in our OCEANFILMS aerosol emissions package, and the two approaches could be inserted into Earth System Models together. Uncertainties in the logic include kinetic and thermochemical factors operating at multiple scales.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1455267
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-134654
Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4433; ATMOCZ
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Atmosphere (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4433
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, and Wingenter, Oliver. Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/atmos9060216.
Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, & Wingenter, Oliver. Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package. United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9060216
Elliott, Scott, Burrows, Susannah, Cameron-Smith, Philip, Hoffman, Forrest, Hunke, Elizabeth, Jeffery, Nicole, Liu, Yina, Maltrud, Mathew, Menzo, Zachary, Ogunro, Oluwaseun, Van Roekel, Luke, Wang, Shanlin, Brunke, Michael, Jin, Meibing, Letscher, Robert, Meskhidze, Nicholas, Russell, Lynn, Simpson, Isla, Stokes, Dale, and Wingenter, Oliver. Fri . "Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package". United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9060216.
@article{osti_1455267,
title = {Does Marine Surface Tension Have Global Biogeography? Addition for the OCEANFILMS Package},
author = {Elliott, Scott and Burrows, Susannah and Cameron-Smith, Philip and Hoffman, Forrest and Hunke, Elizabeth and Jeffery, Nicole and Liu, Yina and Maltrud, Mathew and Menzo, Zachary and Ogunro, Oluwaseun and Van Roekel, Luke and Wang, Shanlin and Brunke, Michael and Jin, Meibing and Letscher, Robert and Meskhidze, Nicholas and Russell, Lynn and Simpson, Isla and Stokes, Dale and Wingenter, Oliver},
abstractNote = {We apply principles of Gibbs phase plane chemistry across the entire ocean-atmosphere interface to investigate aerosol generation and geophysical transfer issues. Marine surface tension differences comprise a tangential pressure field controlling trace gas fluxes, primary organic inputs, and sea spray salt injections, in addition to heat and momentum fluxes. Mapping follows from the organic microlayer composition, now represented in ocean system models. Organic functional variations drive the microforcing, leading to (1) reduced turbulence and (by extension) laminar gas-energy diffusion; plus (2) altered bubble film mass emission into the boundary layer. Interfacial chemical behaviors are, therefore, closely reviewed as the background. We focus on phase transitions among two dimensional "solid, liquid, and gaseous" states serving as elasticity indicators. From the pool of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) only proteins and lipids appear to occupy significant atmospheric interfacial areas. The literature suggests albumin and stearic acid as the best proxies, and we distribute them through ecodynamic simulation. Consensus bulk distributions are obtained to control their adsorptive equilibria. We devise parameterizations for both the planar free energy and equation of state, relating excess coverage to the surface pressure and its modulus. Constant settings for the molecular surrogates are drawn from laboratory study and successfully reproduce surfactant solid-to-gas occurrence in compression experiments. Since DOC functionality measurements are rare, we group them into super-ecological province tables to verify aqueous concentration estimates. Outputs are then fed into a coverage, tension, elasticity code. The resulting two dimensional pressure contours cross a critical range for the regulation of precursor piston velocity, bubble breakage, and primary aerosol sources plus ripple damping. Concepts extend the water-air adsorption theory currently embodied in our OCEANFILMS aerosol emissions package, and the two approaches could be inserted into Earth System Models together. Uncertainties in the logic include kinetic and thermochemical factors operating at multiple scales.},
doi = {10.3390/atmos9060216},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1455267}, journal = {Atmosphere (Basel)},
issn = {2073-4433},
number = 6,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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