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Title: Lifecycle comparison of selected Li-ion battery chemistries under grid and electric vehicle duty cycle combinations

Abstract

Li-ion batteries play a vital role in stabilizing the electrical grid. In this work, two different Li-ion battery chemistries based on LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) and LiFePO4 (LFP) cathodes have been tested under the grid duty cycles recently developed for frequency regulation (FR) and peak shaving (PS) with and without being subjected to electric vehicle (EV) drive cycles. The lifecycle comparison derived from capacity, round trip efficiency (RTE), resistance, charge/discharge energy and total utilized energy of the two battery chemistries have been discussed. The results can be used as a guideline for selection, deployment, operation and cost analyses of Li-ion batteries used for different applications.

Authors:
; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1455261
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-128874
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; TE1400000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 380; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Crawford, Alasdair J., Huang, Qian, Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W., Zhang, Ji-Guang, Reed, David M., Sprenkle, Vincent L., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., and Choi, Daiwon. Lifecycle comparison of selected Li-ion battery chemistries under grid and electric vehicle duty cycle combinations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.01.080.
Crawford, Alasdair J., Huang, Qian, Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W., Zhang, Ji-Guang, Reed, David M., Sprenkle, Vincent L., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., & Choi, Daiwon. Lifecycle comparison of selected Li-ion battery chemistries under grid and electric vehicle duty cycle combinations. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.01.080.
Crawford, Alasdair J., Huang, Qian, Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W., Zhang, Ji-Guang, Reed, David M., Sprenkle, Vincent L., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., and Choi, Daiwon. Thu . "Lifecycle comparison of selected Li-ion battery chemistries under grid and electric vehicle duty cycle combinations". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.01.080.
@article{osti_1455261,
title = {Lifecycle comparison of selected Li-ion battery chemistries under grid and electric vehicle duty cycle combinations},
author = {Crawford, Alasdair J. and Huang, Qian and Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W. and Zhang, Ji-Guang and Reed, David M. and Sprenkle, Vincent L. and Viswanathan, Vilayanur V. and Choi, Daiwon},
abstractNote = {Li-ion batteries play a vital role in stabilizing the electrical grid. In this work, two different Li-ion battery chemistries based on LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) and LiFePO4 (LFP) cathodes have been tested under the grid duty cycles recently developed for frequency regulation (FR) and peak shaving (PS) with and without being subjected to electric vehicle (EV) drive cycles. The lifecycle comparison derived from capacity, round trip efficiency (RTE), resistance, charge/discharge energy and total utilized energy of the two battery chemistries have been discussed. The results can be used as a guideline for selection, deployment, operation and cost analyses of Li-ion batteries used for different applications.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.01.080},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
issn = {0378-7753},
number = C,
volume = 380,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}