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Title: Design of laboratory experiments to study radiation-driven implosions

Abstract

The interstellar medium is heterogeneous with dense clouds amid an ambient medium. Radiation from young OB stars asymmetrically irradiate the dense clouds. Bertoldi (1989) developed analytic formulae to describe possible outcomes of these clouds when irradiated by hot, young stars. One of the critical parameters that determines the cloud’s fate is the number of photon mean free paths in the cloud. For the extreme cases where the cloud size is either much greater than or much less than one mean free path, the radiation transport should be well understood. However, as one transitions between these limits, the radiation transport is much more complex and is a challenge to solve with many of the current radiation transport models implemented in codes. In this paper, we present the design of laboratory experiments that use a thermal source of x-rays to asymmetrically irradiate a low-density plastic foam sphere. The experiment will vary the density and hence the number of mean free paths of the sphere to study the radiation transport in different regimes. Finally, we have developed dimensionless parameters to relate the laboratory experiment to the astrophysical system and we show that we can perform the experiment in the same transport regime.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  3. Soreq Research Center (Israel)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1454536
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1419546
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002956; NA0002719; NA0001944
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
High Energy Density Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 1574-1818
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; radiation-driven implosion; radiation transport; asymmetric

Citation Formats

Keiter, P. A., Trantham, M., Malamud, G., Klein, S. R., Davis, J., VanDervort, R., Shvarts, D., Drake, R. P., Stone, J. M., Fraenkel, M., Frank, Y., and Raicher, E. Design of laboratory experiments to study radiation-driven implosions. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.01.002.
Keiter, P. A., Trantham, M., Malamud, G., Klein, S. R., Davis, J., VanDervort, R., Shvarts, D., Drake, R. P., Stone, J. M., Fraenkel, M., Frank, Y., & Raicher, E. Design of laboratory experiments to study radiation-driven implosions. United States. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.01.002.
Keiter, P. A., Trantham, M., Malamud, G., Klein, S. R., Davis, J., VanDervort, R., Shvarts, D., Drake, R. P., Stone, J. M., Fraenkel, M., Frank, Y., and Raicher, E. Fri . "Design of laboratory experiments to study radiation-driven implosions". United States. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.01.002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454536.
@article{osti_1454536,
title = {Design of laboratory experiments to study radiation-driven implosions},
author = {Keiter, P. A. and Trantham, M. and Malamud, G. and Klein, S. R. and Davis, J. and VanDervort, R. and Shvarts, D. and Drake, R. P. and Stone, J. M. and Fraenkel, M. and Frank, Y. and Raicher, E.},
abstractNote = {The interstellar medium is heterogeneous with dense clouds amid an ambient medium. Radiation from young OB stars asymmetrically irradiate the dense clouds. Bertoldi (1989) developed analytic formulae to describe possible outcomes of these clouds when irradiated by hot, young stars. One of the critical parameters that determines the cloud’s fate is the number of photon mean free paths in the cloud. For the extreme cases where the cloud size is either much greater than or much less than one mean free path, the radiation transport should be well understood. However, as one transitions between these limits, the radiation transport is much more complex and is a challenge to solve with many of the current radiation transport models implemented in codes. In this paper, we present the design of laboratory experiments that use a thermal source of x-rays to asymmetrically irradiate a low-density plastic foam sphere. The experiment will vary the density and hence the number of mean free paths of the sphere to study the radiation transport in different regimes. Finally, we have developed dimensionless parameters to relate the laboratory experiment to the astrophysical system and we show that we can perform the experiment in the same transport regime.},
doi = {10.1016/j.hedp.2017.01.002},
journal = {High Energy Density Physics},
number = ,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 03 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 03 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

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