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Title: Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO 2 and implications for neutrinoless double- β decay experiments

Abstract

Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to ~800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. Here, an estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
Nuclear Science and Security Consortium
OSTI Identifier:
1454510
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1213273
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0000979; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., and Wender, S. A. Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620.
Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., & Wender, S. A. Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620.
Wang, B. S., Norman, E. B., Scielzo, N. D., Smith, A. R., Thomas, K. J., and Wender, S. A. Thu . "Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454510.
@article{osti_1454510,
title = {Cosmogenic-neutron activation of TeO2 and implications for neutrinoless double-β decay experiments},
author = {Wang, B. S. and Norman, E. B. and Scielzo, N. D. and Smith, A. R. and Thomas, K. J. and Wender, S. A.},
abstractNote = {Flux-averaged cross sections for cosmogenic-neutron activation of natural tellurium were measured using a neutron beam containing neutrons of kinetic energies up to ~800 MeV, and having an energy spectrum similar to that of cosmic-ray neutrons at sea-level. Analysis of the radioisotopes produced reveals that 110mAg will be a dominant contributor to the cosmogenic-activation background in experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te, such as CUORE and SNO+. Here, an estimate of the cosmogenic-activation background in the CUORE experiment has been obtained using the results of this measurement and cross-section measurements of proton activation of tellurium. Additionally, the measured cross sections in this work are also compared with results from semi-empirical cross-section calculations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024620},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics},
issn = {0556-2813},
number = 2,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 8 works
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