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Title: Redox active polymers and colloidal particles for flow batteries

Abstract

The invention provides a redox flow battery comprising a microporous or nanoporous size-exclusion membrane, wherein one cell of the battery contains a redox-active polymer dissolved in the non-aqueous solvent or a redox-active colloidal particle dispersed in the non-aqueous solvent. The redox flow battery provides enhanced ionic conductivity across the electrolyte separator and reduced redox-active species crossover, thereby improving the performance and enabling widespread utilization. Redox active poly(vinylbenzyl ethylviologen) (RAPs) and redox active colloidal particles (RACs) were prepared and were found to be highly effective redox species. Controlled potential bulk electrolysis indicates that 94-99% of the nominal charge on different RAPs is accessible and the electrolysis products are stable upon cycling. The high concentration attainable (>2.0 M) for RAPs in common non-aqueous battery solvents, their electrochemical and chemical reversibility, and their hindered transport across porous separators make them attractive materials for non-aqueous redox flow batteries based on size-selectivity.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1454246
Patent Number(s):
9,982,068
Application Number:
15/000,910
Assignee:
The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois (Urbana, IL) ANL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2016 Jan 19
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Gavvalapalli, Nagarjuna, Moore, Jeffrey S., Rodriguez-Lopez, Joaquin, Cheng, Kevin, Shen, Mei, and Lichtenstein, Timothy. Redox active polymers and colloidal particles for flow batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Gavvalapalli, Nagarjuna, Moore, Jeffrey S., Rodriguez-Lopez, Joaquin, Cheng, Kevin, Shen, Mei, & Lichtenstein, Timothy. Redox active polymers and colloidal particles for flow batteries. United States.
Gavvalapalli, Nagarjuna, Moore, Jeffrey S., Rodriguez-Lopez, Joaquin, Cheng, Kevin, Shen, Mei, and Lichtenstein, Timothy. Tue . "Redox active polymers and colloidal particles for flow batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1454246.
@article{osti_1454246,
title = {Redox active polymers and colloidal particles for flow batteries},
author = {Gavvalapalli, Nagarjuna and Moore, Jeffrey S. and Rodriguez-Lopez, Joaquin and Cheng, Kevin and Shen, Mei and Lichtenstein, Timothy},
abstractNote = {The invention provides a redox flow battery comprising a microporous or nanoporous size-exclusion membrane, wherein one cell of the battery contains a redox-active polymer dissolved in the non-aqueous solvent or a redox-active colloidal particle dispersed in the non-aqueous solvent. The redox flow battery provides enhanced ionic conductivity across the electrolyte separator and reduced redox-active species crossover, thereby improving the performance and enabling widespread utilization. Redox active poly(vinylbenzyl ethylviologen) (RAPs) and redox active colloidal particles (RACs) were prepared and were found to be highly effective redox species. Controlled potential bulk electrolysis indicates that 94-99% of the nominal charge on different RAPs is accessible and the electrolysis products are stable upon cycling. The high concentration attainable (>2.0 M) for RAPs in common non-aqueous battery solvents, their electrochemical and chemical reversibility, and their hindered transport across porous separators make them attractive materials for non-aqueous redox flow batteries based on size-selectivity.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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