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Title: Event Centroiding Applied to Energy-Resolved Neutron Imaging at LANSCE

Abstract

The energy-dependence of the neutron cross section provides vastly different contrast mechanisms than polychromatic neutron radiography if neutron energies can be selected for imaging applications. In recent years, energy-resolved neutron imaging (ERNI) with epi-thermal neutrons, utilizing neutron absorption resonances for contrast as well as for quantitative density measurements, was pioneered at the Flight Path 5 beam line at LANSCE and continues to be refined. In this work, we present event centroiding, i.e., the determination of the center-of-gravity of a detection event on an imaging detector to allow sub-pixel spatial resolution and apply it to the many frames collected for energy-resolved neutron imaging at a pulsed neutron source. While event centroiding was demonstrated at thermal neutron sources, it has not been applied to energy-resolved neutron imaging, where the energy resolution requires to be preserved, and we present a quantification of the possible resolution as a function of neutron energy. For the 55 μm pixel size of the detector used for this study, we found a resolution improvement from ~80 μm to ~22 μm using pixel centroiding while fully preserving the energy resolution.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Worcester Polytechnic Inst., Worcester, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1441330
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-20230
Journal ID: ISSN 2313-433X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Imaging
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2313-433X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; energy-resolved neutron imaging; neutron radiography; neutron tomography; centroiding

Citation Formats

Borges, Nicholas, Losko, Adrian, and Vogel, Sven. Event Centroiding Applied to Energy-Resolved Neutron Imaging at LANSCE. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/jimaging4020040.
Borges, Nicholas, Losko, Adrian, & Vogel, Sven. Event Centroiding Applied to Energy-Resolved Neutron Imaging at LANSCE. United States. doi:10.3390/jimaging4020040.
Borges, Nicholas, Losko, Adrian, and Vogel, Sven. Tue . "Event Centroiding Applied to Energy-Resolved Neutron Imaging at LANSCE". United States. doi:10.3390/jimaging4020040. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1441330.
@article{osti_1441330,
title = {Event Centroiding Applied to Energy-Resolved Neutron Imaging at LANSCE},
author = {Borges, Nicholas and Losko, Adrian and Vogel, Sven},
abstractNote = {The energy-dependence of the neutron cross section provides vastly different contrast mechanisms than polychromatic neutron radiography if neutron energies can be selected for imaging applications. In recent years, energy-resolved neutron imaging (ERNI) with epi-thermal neutrons, utilizing neutron absorption resonances for contrast as well as for quantitative density measurements, was pioneered at the Flight Path 5 beam line at LANSCE and continues to be refined. In this work, we present event centroiding, i.e., the determination of the center-of-gravity of a detection event on an imaging detector to allow sub-pixel spatial resolution and apply it to the many frames collected for energy-resolved neutron imaging at a pulsed neutron source. While event centroiding was demonstrated at thermal neutron sources, it has not been applied to energy-resolved neutron imaging, where the energy resolution requires to be preserved, and we present a quantification of the possible resolution as a function of neutron energy. For the 55 μm pixel size of the detector used for this study, we found a resolution improvement from ~80 μm to ~22 μm using pixel centroiding while fully preserving the energy resolution.},
doi = {10.3390/jimaging4020040},
journal = {Journal of Imaging},
number = 2,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Feb 13 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Tue Feb 13 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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