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Title: Comparison of box-wing and conventional aircraft mission performance using multidisciplinary analysis and optimization

Abstract

Box-wing aircraft designs have the potential to achieve significant reductions in fuel consumption. Closed non-planar wing designs have been shown to reduce induced drag and the statically indeterminate wing structure can lead to reduced wing weight. In addition, the streamwise separation of the two main wings can provide the moments necessary for static stability and control, eliminating the weight and aerodynamic drag of a horizontal tail. Proper assessment of the disciplinary interactions in box-wing designs is essential to determine any realistic performance benefits arising from the use of such a configuration. This study analyzes both box-wing and conventional aircraft designed for representative regional-jet missions. A preliminary parametric investigation shows a lift-to-drag ratio advantage for box-wing designs, while a more detailed multidisciplinary study indicates that the requirement to carry the mission fuel in the wings leads to an increase of between 5% and 1% in total fuel burn compared to conventional designs. Furthermore, the multidisciplinary study identified operating conditions where the box-wing can have superior performance to conventional aircraft despite the fuel volume constraint.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Canadian Department of Defence, Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1441298
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20514
Journal ID: ISSN 1270-9638
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Aerospace Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Aerospace Science and Technology; Journal ID: ISSN 1270-9638
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; aircraft design; nonplanar wing; box-wing; multidisciplinary optimization; unconventional aircraft

Citation Formats

Andrews, Stephen A., and Perez, Ruben E. Comparison of box-wing and conventional aircraft mission performance using multidisciplinary analysis and optimization. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ast.2018.05.060.
Andrews, Stephen A., & Perez, Ruben E. Comparison of box-wing and conventional aircraft mission performance using multidisciplinary analysis and optimization. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ast.2018.05.060.
Andrews, Stephen A., and Perez, Ruben E. Mon . "Comparison of box-wing and conventional aircraft mission performance using multidisciplinary analysis and optimization". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ast.2018.05.060.
@article{osti_1441298,
title = {Comparison of box-wing and conventional aircraft mission performance using multidisciplinary analysis and optimization},
author = {Andrews, Stephen A. and Perez, Ruben E.},
abstractNote = {Box-wing aircraft designs have the potential to achieve significant reductions in fuel consumption. Closed non-planar wing designs have been shown to reduce induced drag and the statically indeterminate wing structure can lead to reduced wing weight. In addition, the streamwise separation of the two main wings can provide the moments necessary for static stability and control, eliminating the weight and aerodynamic drag of a horizontal tail. Proper assessment of the disciplinary interactions in box-wing designs is essential to determine any realistic performance benefits arising from the use of such a configuration. This study analyzes both box-wing and conventional aircraft designed for representative regional-jet missions. A preliminary parametric investigation shows a lift-to-drag ratio advantage for box-wing designs, while a more detailed multidisciplinary study indicates that the requirement to carry the mission fuel in the wings leads to an increase of between 5% and 1% in total fuel burn compared to conventional designs. Furthermore, the multidisciplinary study identified operating conditions where the box-wing can have superior performance to conventional aircraft despite the fuel volume constraint.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ast.2018.05.060},
journal = {Aerospace Science and Technology},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jun 04 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Mon Jun 04 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 4, 2019
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