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Title: Glass formation and short-range order structures in the BaS + La 2S 3 + GeS 2 system

Abstract

Here, infrared (IR) optical materials have enabled a broad range of optical sensing and measurement applications in the mid-wave and long-wave IR. Many IR transmitting glasses are based on covalently-bonded selenides and tellurides, such as As 2Se 3 and GeTe 2, which typically have relatively low glass transition temperatures ( T g) on the order of 200 to 350 °C. Many applications have working temperatures above the T g of these materials, which compels the development of new IR materials. This work studies the underlying short-range order (SRO) structure and glass formability of a new family of ionically-bonded sulfide glasses, xBaS + yLa 2S 3 + (1 – x – y)GeS 2, to develop high T g optical materials with a broad IR transmission range. These sulfide glasses were produced by melting sulfide materials inside evacuated and sealed carbon-coated silica ampoules at 1150 °C for 12 h and quenching to room temperature to form glass. Glass samples were then characterized by IR and Raman spectroscopies and differential thermal analysis (DTA). It was found that by increasing the modifier concentration, the predominantly Ge 4 SRO units, the superscript defines the number of bridging sulfur (BS) ions in the tetrahedral network foundmore » in GeS 2 glasses, are ultimately converted to Ge 0 units at >40 mol% network modifier content through the generation of non-bridging sulfur (NBS) ions. These molecular ionic units still form a glassy network, with some of the highest reported T g values to date for a pure sulfide glass. This suggests that this composition has strong ionic bonds between negatively-charged tetrahedral SRO units and the positively-charged modifier cations. While the glass network is depolymerized in the high modifier content glasses though the formation of a high concentration of molecular ionic Ge 0 SRO groups, they are, nevertheless, homogeneous glassy materials that exhibit the largest T g and Δ T (difference between crystallization temperature, T c, and T g) values of glasses in this system, making them the optimal glasses for high T g IR optical components, including, potentially, refractory IR optical fibers.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Clemson Univ., Anderson, SC (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1441209
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-133603
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093; PII: S0022309318302874
Grant/Contract Number:  
NE000727; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Glass; Sulfide; IR transmission; Glass transition temperature; Optical fiber; Structure

Citation Formats

Roth, Josh R., Martin, Steve W., Ballato, John, Qiao, Hong A., and Anheier, Norman C.. Glass formation and short-range order structures in the BaS + La2S3 + GeS2 system. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.05.011.
Roth, Josh R., Martin, Steve W., Ballato, John, Qiao, Hong A., & Anheier, Norman C.. Glass formation and short-range order structures in the BaS + La2S3 + GeS2 system. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.05.011.
Roth, Josh R., Martin, Steve W., Ballato, John, Qiao, Hong A., and Anheier, Norman C.. Fri . "Glass formation and short-range order structures in the BaS + La2S3 + GeS2 system". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.05.011.
@article{osti_1441209,
title = {Glass formation and short-range order structures in the BaS + La2S3 + GeS2 system},
author = {Roth, Josh R. and Martin, Steve W. and Ballato, John and Qiao, Hong A. and Anheier, Norman C.},
abstractNote = {Here, infrared (IR) optical materials have enabled a broad range of optical sensing and measurement applications in the mid-wave and long-wave IR. Many IR transmitting glasses are based on covalently-bonded selenides and tellurides, such as As2Se3 and GeTe2, which typically have relatively low glass transition temperatures (Tg) on the order of 200 to 350 °C. Many applications have working temperatures above the Tg of these materials, which compels the development of new IR materials. This work studies the underlying short-range order (SRO) structure and glass formability of a new family of ionically-bonded sulfide glasses, xBaS + yLa2S3 + (1 – x – y)GeS2, to develop high Tg optical materials with a broad IR transmission range. These sulfide glasses were produced by melting sulfide materials inside evacuated and sealed carbon-coated silica ampoules at 1150 °C for 12 h and quenching to room temperature to form glass. Glass samples were then characterized by IR and Raman spectroscopies and differential thermal analysis (DTA). It was found that by increasing the modifier concentration, the predominantly Ge4 SRO units, the superscript defines the number of bridging sulfur (BS) ions in the tetrahedral network found in GeS2 glasses, are ultimately converted to Ge0 units at >40 mol% network modifier content through the generation of non-bridging sulfur (NBS) ions. These molecular ionic units still form a glassy network, with some of the highest reported Tg values to date for a pure sulfide glass. This suggests that this composition has strong ionic bonds between negatively-charged tetrahedral SRO units and the positively-charged modifier cations. While the glass network is depolymerized in the high modifier content glasses though the formation of a high concentration of molecular ionic Ge0 SRO groups, they are, nevertheless, homogeneous glassy materials that exhibit the largest Tg and ΔT (difference between crystallization temperature, Tc, and Tg) values of glasses in this system, making them the optimal glasses for high Tg IR optical components, including, potentially, refractory IR optical fibers.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.05.011},
journal = {Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Fri Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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