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Title: The Alliance of Advanced Process Control and Accountability – A Future Safeguards-By-Design Tool

Abstract

For any chemical separation process producing a valuable product, a material balance is an important process control measurement. That is particularly true for the separation of actinides from irradiated nuclear fuel, not only for their intrinsic value but also because an incomplete material balance may indicate diversion for unauthorized use. The DOE Office of Nuclear Energy is currently carrying out at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory an experimental measurement of how well and with what precision current technologies can implement near real-time actinide material balances. This measurement effort is called the CoDCon project. It involves the separation of a product with a 70/30 uranium/plutonium mass ratio. Initial tests will use dissolved fuel simulants prepared with pure uranium and plutonium nitrates at the same input ratios as irradiated fuel. Subsequent testing with actual irradiated fuel would be done to verify the results obtained with simulants. The experiments will use advanced on-line instrumentation supported by dynamic process models. Since accountability uncertainties could mask diversions, the aim of the project is not only to measure present-day capabilities but also, through sensitivity analyses, to identify those measurements with the greatest potential for overall material-balance improvements. The latter results will help identify priorities for futuremore » fuel cycle R&D programs. Advanced separations process control and material accountability technologies thus have a common goal: to provide the best tools available for safeguards-by-design [defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as the integration of the design of a new nuclear facility through planning, construction, operation and decommissioning]. Since the potential domestic use of CoDCon results may be later than their possible foreign applications, arrangements may be feasible for possible bilateral or multinational cooperation in the CoDCon project.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1440663
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-126591
AF5805010
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM 2017), July 16-20, 2017, Indian Wells, California, 3:1645-1654
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lumetta, Gregg J., Bresee, James C., Paviet, Patricia D., Miller, Michael, and Todd, Terry. The Alliance of Advanced Process Control and Accountability – A Future Safeguards-By-Design Tool. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Lumetta, Gregg J., Bresee, James C., Paviet, Patricia D., Miller, Michael, & Todd, Terry. The Alliance of Advanced Process Control and Accountability – A Future Safeguards-By-Design Tool. United States.
Lumetta, Gregg J., Bresee, James C., Paviet, Patricia D., Miller, Michael, and Todd, Terry. Sun . "The Alliance of Advanced Process Control and Accountability – A Future Safeguards-By-Design Tool". United States.
@article{osti_1440663,
title = {The Alliance of Advanced Process Control and Accountability – A Future Safeguards-By-Design Tool},
author = {Lumetta, Gregg J. and Bresee, James C. and Paviet, Patricia D. and Miller, Michael and Todd, Terry},
abstractNote = {For any chemical separation process producing a valuable product, a material balance is an important process control measurement. That is particularly true for the separation of actinides from irradiated nuclear fuel, not only for their intrinsic value but also because an incomplete material balance may indicate diversion for unauthorized use. The DOE Office of Nuclear Energy is currently carrying out at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory an experimental measurement of how well and with what precision current technologies can implement near real-time actinide material balances. This measurement effort is called the CoDCon project. It involves the separation of a product with a 70/30 uranium/plutonium mass ratio. Initial tests will use dissolved fuel simulants prepared with pure uranium and plutonium nitrates at the same input ratios as irradiated fuel. Subsequent testing with actual irradiated fuel would be done to verify the results obtained with simulants. The experiments will use advanced on-line instrumentation supported by dynamic process models. Since accountability uncertainties could mask diversions, the aim of the project is not only to measure present-day capabilities but also, through sensitivity analyses, to identify those measurements with the greatest potential for overall material-balance improvements. The latter results will help identify priorities for future fuel cycle R&D programs. Advanced separations process control and material accountability technologies thus have a common goal: to provide the best tools available for safeguards-by-design [defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as the integration of the design of a new nuclear facility through planning, construction, operation and decommissioning]. Since the potential domestic use of CoDCon results may be later than their possible foreign applications, arrangements may be feasible for possible bilateral or multinational cooperation in the CoDCon project.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1440663}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Conference:
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