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Title: Advanced Hybrid Membranes for Next Generation PEMFC Automotive Applications

Abstract

The objective of this proposal is to fabricate a low cost high performance hybrid inorganic/polymer membrane that has a proton area specific resistance (ASR) < 0.02 ohm cm 2 at the operating temperature of an automotive fuel cell stack (95 - 120°C) at low inlet RH <50% with good mechanical and chemical durability. Additionally the membrane will be optimized for low hydrogen and oxygen crossover with high electrical ASR at all temperatures and adequate proton ASR at lower temperatures. We also seek to gain valuable insights into rapid proton transport at the limit of proton hydration. Additional research will be performed to incorporate the membrane into a 50 cm 2 membrane electrode assembly (MEA). The materials at the start of this project are at a TRL of 2, as we have shown that they have proton conductivity under high and dry conditions, but we have not yet consistently shown that they will function in an operational fuel cell. At the project’s end the materials will be at a TRL of 4 and will be integrated into an MEA, demonstrating that they can function with electrodes as a single fuel cell.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5]
  1. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  2. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  3. 3M Company, Maplewood, MN (United States)
  4. Nissan Technical Center North America (NTCNA), Farmington Hills, MI (United States)
  5. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F); National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); 3M Company, Maplewood, MN (United States); Nissan Technical Center North America (NTCNA), Farmington Hills, MI (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1439879
Report Number(s):
DOE-CSM-06363-1
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0006363
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; polymer electrolyte membranes; chemical stability; proton conduction

Citation Formats

Herring, Andrew M., Motz, Andrew R., Kuo, Mei-Chen, Horan, James L., Hoffman, Jesica, Yang, Yating, Pandey, Tara P., Yandrasits, Michael, Hamrock, Steven, Dale, Nilesh, Yadav, Ramesh, Pivovar, Bryan, Penner, Michael, and Bender, Guido. Advanced Hybrid Membranes for Next Generation PEMFC Automotive Applications. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1439879.
Herring, Andrew M., Motz, Andrew R., Kuo, Mei-Chen, Horan, James L., Hoffman, Jesica, Yang, Yating, Pandey, Tara P., Yandrasits, Michael, Hamrock, Steven, Dale, Nilesh, Yadav, Ramesh, Pivovar, Bryan, Penner, Michael, & Bender, Guido. Advanced Hybrid Membranes for Next Generation PEMFC Automotive Applications. United States. doi:10.2172/1439879.
Herring, Andrew M., Motz, Andrew R., Kuo, Mei-Chen, Horan, James L., Hoffman, Jesica, Yang, Yating, Pandey, Tara P., Yandrasits, Michael, Hamrock, Steven, Dale, Nilesh, Yadav, Ramesh, Pivovar, Bryan, Penner, Michael, and Bender, Guido. Thu . "Advanced Hybrid Membranes for Next Generation PEMFC Automotive Applications". United States. doi:10.2172/1439879. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1439879.
@article{osti_1439879,
title = {Advanced Hybrid Membranes for Next Generation PEMFC Automotive Applications},
author = {Herring, Andrew M. and Motz, Andrew R. and Kuo, Mei-Chen and Horan, James L. and Hoffman, Jesica and Yang, Yating and Pandey, Tara P. and Yandrasits, Michael and Hamrock, Steven and Dale, Nilesh and Yadav, Ramesh and Pivovar, Bryan and Penner, Michael and Bender, Guido},
abstractNote = {The objective of this proposal is to fabricate a low cost high performance hybrid inorganic/polymer membrane that has a proton area specific resistance (ASR) < 0.02 ohm cm2 at the operating temperature of an automotive fuel cell stack (95 - 120°C) at low inlet RH <50% with good mechanical and chemical durability. Additionally the membrane will be optimized for low hydrogen and oxygen crossover with high electrical ASR at all temperatures and adequate proton ASR at lower temperatures. We also seek to gain valuable insights into rapid proton transport at the limit of proton hydration. Additional research will be performed to incorporate the membrane into a 50 cm2 membrane electrode assembly (MEA). The materials at the start of this project are at a TRL of 2, as we have shown that they have proton conductivity under high and dry conditions, but we have not yet consistently shown that they will function in an operational fuel cell. At the project’s end the materials will be at a TRL of 4 and will be integrated into an MEA, demonstrating that they can function with electrodes as a single fuel cell.},
doi = {10.2172/1439879},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}