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Title: Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter: Accelerated Increase in Arctic Warming

Abstract

In January 2016, a robust reversal of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) took place associated with a rapid tropospheric warming in the Arctic region; this was followed by the occurrence of a classic sudden stratospheric warming in March-April. The succession of these two distinct Arctic warming events provides a stimulating opportunity to examine their characteristics in terms of similarities and differences. Historical cases of these two types of Arctic warming were identified and validated based upon tropical linkages with the Madden-Julian Oscillation and El Niño as well as those documented in previous studies. Our results indicate a recent and accelerated increase in the tropospheric warming type versus a flat trend in stratospheric warming type. Given that tropospheric warming events occur twice as fast than the stratospheric warming type, the noted increase in the former implies further intensification in midlatitude winter weather extremes similar to those experienced in early 2016. Forced simulations with an atmospheric general circulation model suggest that the reduced Arctic sea ice contributes to the observed increase in the tropospheric warming events and associated impact on the anomalously cold Siberia.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Utah Climate Center, Utah State University, Logan Utah USA; Department Plants, Soils and Climate, Utah State University, Logan Utah USA
  2. Department Plants, Soils and Climate, Utah State University, Logan Utah USA
  3. Central Weather Bureau, Taipei Taiwan
  4. School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju South Korea
  5. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1439712
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-124045
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; KP1703010
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wang, S. -Y. Simon, Lin, Yen-Heng, Lee, Ming-Ying, Yoon, Jin-Ho, Meyer, Jonathan D. D., and Rasch, Philip J. Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter: Accelerated Increase in Arctic Warming. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017GL073012.
Wang, S. -Y. Simon, Lin, Yen-Heng, Lee, Ming-Ying, Yoon, Jin-Ho, Meyer, Jonathan D. D., & Rasch, Philip J. Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter: Accelerated Increase in Arctic Warming. United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL073012.
Wang, S. -Y. Simon, Lin, Yen-Heng, Lee, Ming-Ying, Yoon, Jin-Ho, Meyer, Jonathan D. D., and Rasch, Philip J. Sat . "Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter: Accelerated Increase in Arctic Warming". United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL073012.
@article{osti_1439712,
title = {Accelerated increase in the Arctic tropospheric warming events surpassing stratospheric warming events during winter: Accelerated Increase in Arctic Warming},
author = {Wang, S. -Y. Simon and Lin, Yen-Heng and Lee, Ming-Ying and Yoon, Jin-Ho and Meyer, Jonathan D. D. and Rasch, Philip J.},
abstractNote = {In January 2016, a robust reversal of the Arctic Oscillation (AO) took place associated with a rapid tropospheric warming in the Arctic region; this was followed by the occurrence of a classic sudden stratospheric warming in March-April. The succession of these two distinct Arctic warming events provides a stimulating opportunity to examine their characteristics in terms of similarities and differences. Historical cases of these two types of Arctic warming were identified and validated based upon tropical linkages with the Madden-Julian Oscillation and El Niño as well as those documented in previous studies. Our results indicate a recent and accelerated increase in the tropospheric warming type versus a flat trend in stratospheric warming type. Given that tropospheric warming events occur twice as fast than the stratospheric warming type, the noted increase in the former implies further intensification in midlatitude winter weather extremes similar to those experienced in early 2016. Forced simulations with an atmospheric general circulation model suggest that the reduced Arctic sea ice contributes to the observed increase in the tropospheric warming events and associated impact on the anomalously cold Siberia.},
doi = {10.1002/2017GL073012},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
issn = {0094-8276},
number = 8,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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