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Title: The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties

Abstract

Due to their importance for the radiation budget, liquid-containing clouds are a key component of the Arctic climate system. Depending on season, they can cool or warm the near-surface air. The radiative properties of these clouds depend strongly on cloud drop sizes, which are governed in part by the availability of cloud condensation nuclei. Here, we investigate how cloud drop sizes are modified in the presence of local emissions from industrial facilities at the North Slope of Alaska. For this, we use aircraft in situ observations of clouds and aerosols from the 5th Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE ARM) Program's Airborne Carbon Measurements (ACME-V) campaign obtained in summer 2015. Comparison of observations from an area with petroleum extraction facilities (Oliktok Point) with data from a reference area relatively free of anthropogenic sources (Utqiagvik/Barrow) represents an opportunity to quantify the impact of local industrial emissions on cloud properties. In the presence of local industrial emissions, the mean effective radii of cloud droplets are reduced from 12.2 to 9.4 µm, which leads to suppressed drizzle production and precipitation. At the same time, concentrations of refractory black carbon and condensation nuclei are enhanced below the clouds. These results demonstrate that the effects ofmore » anthropogenic pollution on local climate need to be considered when planning Arctic industrial infrastructure in a warming environment.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1439704
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-125510
Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324; KP1704010
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Maahn, Maximilian, de Boer, Gijs, Creamean, Jessie M., Feingold, Graham, McFarquhar, Greg M., Wu, Wei, and Mei, Fan. The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017.
Maahn, Maximilian, de Boer, Gijs, Creamean, Jessie M., Feingold, Graham, McFarquhar, Greg M., Wu, Wei, & Mei, Fan. The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties. United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017.
Maahn, Maximilian, de Boer, Gijs, Creamean, Jessie M., Feingold, Graham, McFarquhar, Greg M., Wu, Wei, and Mei, Fan. Sun . "The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties". United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017.
@article{osti_1439704,
title = {The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties},
author = {Maahn, Maximilian and de Boer, Gijs and Creamean, Jessie M. and Feingold, Graham and McFarquhar, Greg M. and Wu, Wei and Mei, Fan},
abstractNote = {Due to their importance for the radiation budget, liquid-containing clouds are a key component of the Arctic climate system. Depending on season, they can cool or warm the near-surface air. The radiative properties of these clouds depend strongly on cloud drop sizes, which are governed in part by the availability of cloud condensation nuclei. Here, we investigate how cloud drop sizes are modified in the presence of local emissions from industrial facilities at the North Slope of Alaska. For this, we use aircraft in situ observations of clouds and aerosols from the 5th Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE ARM) Program's Airborne Carbon Measurements (ACME-V) campaign obtained in summer 2015. Comparison of observations from an area with petroleum extraction facilities (Oliktok Point) with data from a reference area relatively free of anthropogenic sources (Utqiagvik/Barrow) represents an opportunity to quantify the impact of local industrial emissions on cloud properties. In the presence of local industrial emissions, the mean effective radii of cloud droplets are reduced from 12.2 to 9.4 µm, which leads to suppressed drizzle production and precipitation. At the same time, concentrations of refractory black carbon and condensation nuclei are enhanced below the clouds. These results demonstrate that the effects of anthropogenic pollution on local climate need to be considered when planning Arctic industrial infrastructure in a warming environment.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
issn = {1680-7324},
number = 23,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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