skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Comparing residential contamination in a Houston environmental justice neighborhood before and after Hurricane Harvey

Abstract

Introduction: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are complex environmental toxicants; exposure to them has been linked to adverse health outcomes including cancer, as well as diseases of the skin, liver, and immune system. Based on an ongoing community engagement partnership with stakeholder groups and residents, we conducted a small longitudinal study to assess domestic exposure to PAHs among residents of Manchester, an environmental justice neighborhood located in the East End of Houston, TX. Methods: In December, 2016, we used fiber wipes to collect samples of household dust from 25 homes in Manchester. Following Hurricane Harvey, in September 2017, we revisited 24 of the 25 homes to collect soil samples from the front yards of the same homes. Wipes and soil were analyzed for the presence of PAHs using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) methods. Principle component analysis plots, heatmaps, and PAH ratios were used to compare pre- and post-Hurricane Harvey samples. Results: While direct comparison is difficult, we present three methods for comparing PAHs found in pre-hurricane fiber wipes and post-hurricane soil samples. The methods demonstrate that the PAHs found before and after Hurricane Harvey are likely from similar sources and that those sources are most likely to be associated with combustion.more » We also found evidence of redistribution of PAHs due to extreme flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey. Discussion: Residents of the Manchester neighborhood of Houston, TX, are exposed to a range of PAHs in household dust and outdoor soil. While difficult to compare directly, we were able to use several methods to assess detected concentrations, changes in site-specific PAH allocations, and PAH origination. Additional research is needed to identify specific sources of domestic PAH exposure in these communities and continued work involving community members and policy makers should aim to develop interventions to reduce domestic exposure to and prevent negative health outcomes from PAHs.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1438991
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-134072
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203; 453060036
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: PLoS ONE; Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Horney, Jennifer A., Casillas, Gaston A., Baker, Erin, Stone, Kahler W., Kirsch, Katie R., Camargo, Krisa, Wade, Terry L., McDonald, Thomas J., and Lau, Andy T. Y. Comparing residential contamination in a Houston environmental justice neighborhood before and after Hurricane Harvey. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0192660.
Horney, Jennifer A., Casillas, Gaston A., Baker, Erin, Stone, Kahler W., Kirsch, Katie R., Camargo, Krisa, Wade, Terry L., McDonald, Thomas J., & Lau, Andy T. Y. Comparing residential contamination in a Houston environmental justice neighborhood before and after Hurricane Harvey. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0192660.
Horney, Jennifer A., Casillas, Gaston A., Baker, Erin, Stone, Kahler W., Kirsch, Katie R., Camargo, Krisa, Wade, Terry L., McDonald, Thomas J., and Lau, Andy T. Y. Thu . "Comparing residential contamination in a Houston environmental justice neighborhood before and after Hurricane Harvey". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0192660.
@article{osti_1438991,
title = {Comparing residential contamination in a Houston environmental justice neighborhood before and after Hurricane Harvey},
author = {Horney, Jennifer A. and Casillas, Gaston A. and Baker, Erin and Stone, Kahler W. and Kirsch, Katie R. and Camargo, Krisa and Wade, Terry L. and McDonald, Thomas J. and Lau, Andy T. Y.},
abstractNote = {Introduction: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are complex environmental toxicants; exposure to them has been linked to adverse health outcomes including cancer, as well as diseases of the skin, liver, and immune system. Based on an ongoing community engagement partnership with stakeholder groups and residents, we conducted a small longitudinal study to assess domestic exposure to PAHs among residents of Manchester, an environmental justice neighborhood located in the East End of Houston, TX. Methods: In December, 2016, we used fiber wipes to collect samples of household dust from 25 homes in Manchester. Following Hurricane Harvey, in September 2017, we revisited 24 of the 25 homes to collect soil samples from the front yards of the same homes. Wipes and soil were analyzed for the presence of PAHs using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) methods. Principle component analysis plots, heatmaps, and PAH ratios were used to compare pre- and post-Hurricane Harvey samples. Results: While direct comparison is difficult, we present three methods for comparing PAHs found in pre-hurricane fiber wipes and post-hurricane soil samples. The methods demonstrate that the PAHs found before and after Hurricane Harvey are likely from similar sources and that those sources are most likely to be associated with combustion. We also found evidence of redistribution of PAHs due to extreme flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey. Discussion: Residents of the Manchester neighborhood of Houston, TX, are exposed to a range of PAHs in household dust and outdoor soil. While difficult to compare directly, we were able to use several methods to assess detected concentrations, changes in site-specific PAH allocations, and PAH origination. Additional research is needed to identify specific sources of domestic PAH exposure in these communities and continued work involving community members and policy makers should aim to develop interventions to reduce domestic exposure to and prevent negative health outcomes from PAHs.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0192660},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 2,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 08 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Thu Feb 08 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}