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Title: Optimization of Southeastern Forest Biomass Crop Production: A Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations

Abstract

Growing switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as an intercrop in managed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations has emerged as a potential source of bioenergy feedstock. Utilizing land resources between pine trees to produce an energy crop can potentially reduce the demand for land resources used to produce food; however, converting conventionally managed forest land to this new intercropping system constitutes changes in land use and associated management practices, which may affect the environmental and economic sustainability of the land. The overall objective of this project is to evaluate the environmental effects of large-scale forest bioenergy crop production and utilize these results to optimize cropping systems in a manner that protects the important ecosystem services provided by forests while contributing to the development of a sustainable and economically-viable biomass industry in the southeastern United States.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [1];  [12];  [1];  [13] more »;  [14];  [1];  [15] « less
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  2. Weyerhaeuser Company, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. United States Forest Service (USFS), Washington, DC (United States)
  4. National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI), Cary, NC (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  6. Ecosystem Planning and Restoration (EPR), Tomball, TX (United States)
  7. HDR, Omaha, NE (United States)
  8. Engineering Design Associates (EDA), Richmond, VA (United States)
  9. College of Charleston, Charleston, SC (United States)
  10. Univ. of North Georgia, Dahlonega, GA (United States)
  11. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  12. North Carolina Dept. of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Raleigh, NC (United States)
  13. The LandTrust for Central North Carolina, Salisbury, NC (United States)
  14. Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
  15. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Contributing Org.:
Weyerhaeuser Company; Catchlight Energy LLC (CLE); Virginia Tech; US Forest Service; National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI)
OSTI Identifier:
1437923
Report Number(s):
DOE-NCSU-04395
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0004395
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Amatya, D. M., et al. (2016), Impacts of Switchgrass Intercropping in Traditional Pine Forests on Hydrology and Water Quality in the Southeastern United States, in Examples of Positive Bioenergy and Water Relationships, pp. 75–80, Global Bioenergy Partnership.Bennett, E. M. (2013), http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/9102Breland, K. L. (2013), http://www.mhsl.uab.edu/dt/2015r/Breland_uab_0005M_11107.pdfCacho, J. F. (2013), http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/9157Carter, T.M. (2016). http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.20/33374Dobbs, N.A. (2016). http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.20/33346Greene, E. J. (2016), http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-03082016-175442/unrestricted/Greene_Final_Thesis.pdfMarshall, C. D. (2016), http://sun.library.msstate.edu/ETD-db/theses/available/etd-03032016-113746/unrestricted/final_thesis.pdfNeal, A. W. (2014), http://hdl.handle.net/10919/48125Nettles, J., et al. (2011), The water quality and quantity effects of biofuel operations in pine plantations of the southeastern USA, in Water Quality: Current Trends and Expected Climate Change Impacts, edited by N.E. Peters,V. Krysanova, A. Lepisto, R. Prasad, M. Thomas, R. Wilby, S. Zandarya, pp. (115–122), IAHS Press.Panda, S., et al. (2014), Stomatal Conductance, Canopy Temperature, and Leaf Area Index Estimation Using Remote Sensing and OBIA techniques, Journal of Spatial Hydrology, 12(1).Phillips, B.D. (2018). http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.20/35211
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Switchgrass; Forestry; Sustainability; Hydrology; Water Quality; Soil Properties; Biodiversity; Modeling; BMP

Citation Formats

Chescheir, George M., Nettles, Jami E., Youssef, Mohamed, Birgand, Francois, Amatya, Devendra M., Miller, Darren A., Sucre, Eric, Schilling, Erik, Tian, Shiying, Cacho, Julian F., Bennett, Erin M., Carter, Taylor, Bowen, Nicole Dobbs, Muwamba, Augustine, Panda, Sudhanshu, Christopher, Sheila, Phillips, Brian D., Appelboom, Timothy, Skaggs, Richard W., Greene, Ethan J., Marshall, Craig D., Allen, Elizabeth, and Schoenholtz, Stephen H. Optimization of Southeastern Forest Biomass Crop Production: A Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1437923.
Chescheir, George M., Nettles, Jami E., Youssef, Mohamed, Birgand, Francois, Amatya, Devendra M., Miller, Darren A., Sucre, Eric, Schilling, Erik, Tian, Shiying, Cacho, Julian F., Bennett, Erin M., Carter, Taylor, Bowen, Nicole Dobbs, Muwamba, Augustine, Panda, Sudhanshu, Christopher, Sheila, Phillips, Brian D., Appelboom, Timothy, Skaggs, Richard W., Greene, Ethan J., Marshall, Craig D., Allen, Elizabeth, & Schoenholtz, Stephen H. Optimization of Southeastern Forest Biomass Crop Production: A Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations. United States. doi:10.2172/1437923.
Chescheir, George M., Nettles, Jami E., Youssef, Mohamed, Birgand, Francois, Amatya, Devendra M., Miller, Darren A., Sucre, Eric, Schilling, Erik, Tian, Shiying, Cacho, Julian F., Bennett, Erin M., Carter, Taylor, Bowen, Nicole Dobbs, Muwamba, Augustine, Panda, Sudhanshu, Christopher, Sheila, Phillips, Brian D., Appelboom, Timothy, Skaggs, Richard W., Greene, Ethan J., Marshall, Craig D., Allen, Elizabeth, and Schoenholtz, Stephen H. Thu . "Optimization of Southeastern Forest Biomass Crop Production: A Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations". United States. doi:10.2172/1437923. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437923.
@article{osti_1437923,
title = {Optimization of Southeastern Forest Biomass Crop Production: A Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations},
author = {Chescheir, George M. and Nettles, Jami E. and Youssef, Mohamed and Birgand, Francois and Amatya, Devendra M. and Miller, Darren A. and Sucre, Eric and Schilling, Erik and Tian, Shiying and Cacho, Julian F. and Bennett, Erin M. and Carter, Taylor and Bowen, Nicole Dobbs and Muwamba, Augustine and Panda, Sudhanshu and Christopher, Sheila and Phillips, Brian D. and Appelboom, Timothy and Skaggs, Richard W. and Greene, Ethan J. and Marshall, Craig D. and Allen, Elizabeth and Schoenholtz, Stephen H.},
abstractNote = {Growing switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as an intercrop in managed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations has emerged as a potential source of bioenergy feedstock. Utilizing land resources between pine trees to produce an energy crop can potentially reduce the demand for land resources used to produce food; however, converting conventionally managed forest land to this new intercropping system constitutes changes in land use and associated management practices, which may affect the environmental and economic sustainability of the land. The overall objective of this project is to evaluate the environmental effects of large-scale forest bioenergy crop production and utilize these results to optimize cropping systems in a manner that protects the important ecosystem services provided by forests while contributing to the development of a sustainable and economically-viable biomass industry in the southeastern United States.},
doi = {10.2172/1437923},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu Apr 12 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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