skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of counter-ion on packing and crystal density of 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5'-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate) with five different cations

Abstract

In energetic materials, the crystal density is an important parameter that affects the performance of the material. When making ionic energetic materials, the choice of counter-ion can have detrimental or beneficial effects on the packing, and therefore the density, of the resulting energetic crystal. Presented herein are a series of five ionic energetic crystals, all containing the dianion 5,5′-(3,3′-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5′-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate), with the following cations: hydrazinium ( 1 ) (2N 2 H 5 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ), hydroxylammonium ( 2 ) 2NH 4 O + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− [Pagoria et al.. (2017). Chem. Heterocycl. Compd , 53 , 760–778; included for comparison], dimethylammonium ( 3 ) (2C 2 H 8 N + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ), 5-amino-1 H -tetrazol-4-ium ( 4 ) (2CH 4 N 5 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ·4H 2 O), and aminoguanidinium ( 5 ) (2CH 7 N 4 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ). Both the supramolecular interactions and the sterics of the cation play a role in the density of the resulting crystals, which range from 1.544 to 1.873 Mg m −1 . In 5 ,more » the tetrazolate ring is disordered over two positions [occupancy ratio 0.907 (5):0.093 (5)] due to a 180° rotation in the terminal tetrazole rings.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [2]
  1. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States). Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering (CBMSE)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR)
OSTI Identifier:
1437844
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438804
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-741163
Journal ID: ISSN 2056-9890; ACSECI
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; N0001417WX00049
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: E74; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2056-9890
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; crystal structure; tetra­zole; oxa­diazole; tri­amino­guandidinium; hydrazinium; hydroxyl­ammonium; amino­guanidinium; 5-amino-1H-tetra­zol-4-ium; energetic materials

Citation Formats

Giles, Ian D., DeHope, Alan J., Zuckerman, Nathaniel B., Parrish, Damon A., and Pagoria, Philip F. Effect of counter-ion on packing and crystal density of 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5'-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate) with five different cations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S205698901800364X.
Giles, Ian D., DeHope, Alan J., Zuckerman, Nathaniel B., Parrish, Damon A., & Pagoria, Philip F. Effect of counter-ion on packing and crystal density of 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5'-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate) with five different cations. United States. doi:10.1107/S205698901800364X.
Giles, Ian D., DeHope, Alan J., Zuckerman, Nathaniel B., Parrish, Damon A., and Pagoria, Philip F. Fri . "Effect of counter-ion on packing and crystal density of 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5'-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate) with five different cations". United States. doi:10.1107/S205698901800364X.
@article{osti_1437844,
title = {Effect of counter-ion on packing and crystal density of 5,5'-(3,3'-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5'-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate) with five different cations},
author = {Giles, Ian D. and DeHope, Alan J. and Zuckerman, Nathaniel B. and Parrish, Damon A. and Pagoria, Philip F.},
abstractNote = {In energetic materials, the crystal density is an important parameter that affects the performance of the material. When making ionic energetic materials, the choice of counter-ion can have detrimental or beneficial effects on the packing, and therefore the density, of the resulting energetic crystal. Presented herein are a series of five ionic energetic crystals, all containing the dianion 5,5′-(3,3′-bi[1,2,4-oxadiazole]-5,5′-diyl)bis(1 H -tetrazol-1-olate), with the following cations: hydrazinium ( 1 ) (2N 2 H 5 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ), hydroxylammonium ( 2 ) 2NH 4 O + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− [Pagoria et al.. (2017). Chem. Heterocycl. Compd , 53 , 760–778; included for comparison], dimethylammonium ( 3 ) (2C 2 H 8 N + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ), 5-amino-1 H -tetrazol-4-ium ( 4 ) (2CH 4 N 5 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ·4H 2 O), and aminoguanidinium ( 5 ) (2CH 7 N 4 + ·C 6 N 12 O 4 2− ). Both the supramolecular interactions and the sterics of the cation play a role in the density of the resulting crystals, which range from 1.544 to 1.873 Mg m −1 . In 5 , the tetrazolate ring is disordered over two positions [occupancy ratio 0.907 (5):0.093 (5)] due to a 180° rotation in the terminal tetrazole rings.},
doi = {10.1107/S205698901800364X},
journal = {Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications},
number = 4,
volume = E74,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Fri Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1107/S205698901800364X

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A short history of SHELX
journal, December 2007

  • Sheldrick, George M.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography, Vol. 64, Issue 1, p. 112-122
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0108767307043930

Crystal structure refinement with SHELXL
journal, January 2015

  • Sheldrick, George M.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section C Structural Chemistry, Vol. 71, Issue 1, p. 3-8
  • DOI: 10.1107/S2053229614024218

The Cambridge Structural Database
journal, April 2016

  • Groom, Colin R.; Bruno, Ian J.; Lightfoot, Matthew P.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials, Vol. 72, Issue 2, p. 171-179
  • DOI: 10.1107/S2052520616003954