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Title: Detection of magnetic circular dichroism in amorphous materials utilizing a single-crystalline overlayer

Abstract

Physicists are fascinated with topological defects in solid-state materials, because by breaking the translational symmetry they offer emerging properties that are not present in their parental phases. For example, edge dislocations—the 2π phase-winding topological defects—in antiferromagnetic NiO crystals can exhibit ferromagnetic behaviors. Herein, we study how these defects could give rise to exotic topological orders when they interact with a high energy electron beam. To probe this interaction, we formed a coherent electron nanobeam in a scanning transmission electron microscope and recorded the far-field transmitted patterns as the beam steps through the edge dislocation core in [001] NiO. Surprisingly, we found the amplitude patterns of the <020> Bragg disks evolve in a similar manner to the evolution of an annular solar eclipse. Using the ptychographic technique, we recovered the missing phase information in the diffraction plane and revealed the topological phase vortices in the diffracted beams. Through atomic topological defects, the wave function of electrons can be converted from plane wave to electron vortex. This approach provides a new perspective for boosting the collection efficiency of magnetic circular dichroism spectra with high spatial resolution and understanding the relationship between symmetry breaking and exotic property of individual topological defect at atomicmore » level.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Uppsala Univ., Uppsala (Sweden)
  3. Uppsala Univ., Uppsala (Sweden); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1437442
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414978
Report Number(s):
BNL-204646-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953; PRMHAR; TRN: US1900328
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; magnetic circular dichroism

Citation Formats

Lin, J., Zhong, X. Y., Song, C., Rusz, J., Kocevski, V., Xin, H. L., Cui, B., Han, L. L., Lin, R. Q., Chen, X. F., and Zhu, J. Detection of magnetic circular dichroism in amorphous materials utilizing a single-crystalline overlayer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.071404.
Lin, J., Zhong, X. Y., Song, C., Rusz, J., Kocevski, V., Xin, H. L., Cui, B., Han, L. L., Lin, R. Q., Chen, X. F., & Zhu, J. Detection of magnetic circular dichroism in amorphous materials utilizing a single-crystalline overlayer. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.071404.
Lin, J., Zhong, X. Y., Song, C., Rusz, J., Kocevski, V., Xin, H. L., Cui, B., Han, L. L., Lin, R. Q., Chen, X. F., and Zhu, J. Wed . "Detection of magnetic circular dichroism in amorphous materials utilizing a single-crystalline overlayer". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.071404. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437442.
@article{osti_1437442,
title = {Detection of magnetic circular dichroism in amorphous materials utilizing a single-crystalline overlayer},
author = {Lin, J. and Zhong, X. Y. and Song, C. and Rusz, J. and Kocevski, V. and Xin, H. L. and Cui, B. and Han, L. L. and Lin, R. Q. and Chen, X. F. and Zhu, J.},
abstractNote = {Physicists are fascinated with topological defects in solid-state materials, because by breaking the translational symmetry they offer emerging properties that are not present in their parental phases. For example, edge dislocations—the 2π phase-winding topological defects—in antiferromagnetic NiO crystals can exhibit ferromagnetic behaviors. Herein, we study how these defects could give rise to exotic topological orders when they interact with a high energy electron beam. To probe this interaction, we formed a coherent electron nanobeam in a scanning transmission electron microscope and recorded the far-field transmitted patterns as the beam steps through the edge dislocation core in [001] NiO. Surprisingly, we found the amplitude patterns of the <020> Bragg disks evolve in a similar manner to the evolution of an annular solar eclipse. Using the ptychographic technique, we recovered the missing phase information in the diffraction plane and revealed the topological phase vortices in the diffracted beams. Through atomic topological defects, the wave function of electrons can be converted from plane wave to electron vortex. This approach provides a new perspective for boosting the collection efficiency of magnetic circular dichroism spectra with high spatial resolution and understanding the relationship between symmetry breaking and exotic property of individual topological defect at atomic level.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.071404},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
issn = {2475-9953},
number = 7,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Sketch of the experimental setup (simplified and not to scale). From the top, a spatially coherent electron nanobeam illuminates the edge dislocation core on the object plane, which is tilted into a three-beam condition. The interaction with the dislocation leads to intensity in the central beam as wellmore » as sidebands.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.