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Title: Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment

Abstract

Here, we present the results of a search for dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) in the mass range below 20 GeV/c 2 using a target of low-radioactivity argon with a 6786.0 kg d exposure. The data were obtained using the DarkSide-50 apparatus at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. The analysis is based on the ionization signal, for which the DarkSide-50 time projection chamber is fully efficient at 0.1 keVee. The observed rate in the detector at 0.5 keVee is about 1.5 event/keVee/kg/d and is almost entirely accounted for by known background sources. We obtain a 90% C.L. exclusion limit above 1.8 GeV/c 2 for the spin-independent cross section of dark matter WIMPs on nucleons, extending the exclusion region for dark matter below previous limits in the range 1.8–6 GeV/c 2.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
DarkSide Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1437392
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1466073; OSTI ID: 1475165
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1802.06994; FERMILAB-PUB-18-048-AE-E-PPD; BNL-209088-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1656633
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; FG02-91ER40671; AC05-76RL01830; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G.. Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., & Zuzel, G.. Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G.. Thu . "Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307.
@article{osti_1437392,
title = {Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Araujo, G. R. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Batignani, G. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bottino, B. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Caminata, A. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Carpinelli, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Cavuoti, S. and Cereseto, R. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cifarelli, L. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D’Angelo, D. and D’Incecco, M. and D’Urso, D. and Davini, S. and De Candia, A. and De Cecco, S. and De Deo, M. and De Filippis, G. and De Rosa, G. and De Vincenzi, M. and Demontis, P. and Derbin, A. V. and Devoto, A. and Di Eusanio, F. and Di Pietro, G. and Dionisi, C. and Downing, M. and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Gabrieli, A. and Galbiati, C. and Garcia Abia, P. and Ghiano, Chiara and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Gorchakov, O. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Gulino, M. and Hackett, B. R. and Hassanshahi, M. H. and Herner, K. and Hosseini, B. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, Al. and Ianni, An. and Ippolito, V. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Kahn, Y. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kochanek, I. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Kuss, M. and La Commara, M. and Lai, M. and Li, X. and Lisanti, M. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mapelli, L. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Messina, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Mishra-Sharma, S. and Monte, A. and Morrocchi, M. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Nania, R. and Navrer Agasson, A. and Nozdrina, A. O. and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pandola, L. and Pantic, E. and Paoloni, E. and Pazzona, F. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pesudo, V. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Poudel, S. S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Ragusa, F. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Sablone, D. and Samoylov, O. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Sant, M. and Santorelli, R. and Savarese, C. and Scapparone, E. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Shchagin, A. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Stracka, S. and Suffritti, G. B. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Waldrop, T. J. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wojcik, M. M. and Wojcik, M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, C. and Zichichi, A. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the results of a search for dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) in the mass range below 20 GeV/c2 using a target of low-radioactivity argon with a 6786.0 kg d exposure. The data were obtained using the DarkSide-50 apparatus at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. The analysis is based on the ionization signal, for which the DarkSide-50 time projection chamber is fully efficient at 0.1 keVee. The observed rate in the detector at 0.5 keVee is about 1.5 event/keVee/kg/d and is almost entirely accounted for by known background sources. We obtain a 90% C.L. exclusion limit above 1.8 GeV/c2 for the spin-independent cross section of dark matter WIMPs on nucleons, extending the exclusion region for dark matter below previous limits in the range 1.8–6 GeV/c2.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 8,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Aug 23 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Thu Aug 23 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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