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Title: Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment

Abstract

We present the results of a search for dark matter WIMPs in the mass range below 20 GeV/c2 using a target of low-radioactivity argon with a 6786.0 kg d exposure. The data were obtained using the DarkSide-50 apparatus at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). The analysis is based on the ionization signal, for which the DarkSide-50 time projection chamber is fully efficient at 0.1 keVee. The observed rate in the detector at 0.5 keVee is about 1.5 event/keVee/kg/d and is almost entirely accounted for by known background sources. We obtain a 90 % C.L. exclusion limit above 1.8 GeV/c2 for the spin-independent cross section of dark matter WIMPs on nucleons, extending the exclusion region for dark matter below previous limits in the range 1.8–6 GeV/c2.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
DarkSide Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1437392
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1466073; OSTI ID: 1475165
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1802.06994; FERMILAB-PUB-18-048-AE-E-PPD; BNL-209088-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1656633; TRN: US1900319
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; FG02-91ER40671; AC05-76RL01830; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G.. Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., & Zuzel, G.. Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Araujo, G. R., Asner, D. M., Ave, M., Back, H. O., Baldin, B., Batignani, G., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Caminata, A., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Carpinelli, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Cavuoti, S., Cereseto, R., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cifarelli, L., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D’Angelo, D., D’Incecco, M., D’Urso, D., Davini, S., De Candia, A., De Cecco, S., De Deo, M., De Filippis, G., De Rosa, G., De Vincenzi, M., Demontis, P., Derbin, A. V., Devoto, A., Di Eusanio, F., Di Pietro, G., Dionisi, C., Downing, M., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Gabrieli, A., Galbiati, C., Garcia Abia, P., Ghiano, Chiara, Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Gorchakov, O., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Gulino, M., Hackett, B. R., Hassanshahi, M. H., Herner, K., Hosseini, B., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, Al., Ianni, An., Ippolito, V., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Kahn, Y., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Kochanek, I., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Kuss, M., La Commara, M., Lai, M., Li, X., Lisanti, M., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mapelli, L., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Messina, A., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Mishra-Sharma, S., Monte, A., Morrocchi, M., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Nania, R., Navrer Agasson, A., Nozdrina, A. O., Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pandola, L., Pantic, E., Paoloni, E., Pazzona, F., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pesudo, V., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Poudel, S. S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Ragusa, F., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Samoylov, O., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Sant, M., Santorelli, R., Savarese, C., Scapparone, E., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Shchagin, A., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Stracka, S., Suffritti, G. B., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Waldrop, T. J., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wojcik, M. M., Wojcik, M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., Zichichi, A., and Zuzel, G.. Thu . "Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437392.
@article{osti_1437392,
title = {Low-Mass Dark Matter Search with the DarkSide-50 Experiment},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Araujo, G. R. and Asner, D. M. and Ave, M. and Back, H. O. and Baldin, B. and Batignani, G. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bottino, B. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Caminata, A. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Carpinelli, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Cavuoti, S. and Cereseto, R. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cifarelli, L. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D’Angelo, D. and D’Incecco, M. and D’Urso, D. and Davini, S. and De Candia, A. and De Cecco, S. and De Deo, M. and De Filippis, G. and De Rosa, G. and De Vincenzi, M. and Demontis, P. and Derbin, A. V. and Devoto, A. and Di Eusanio, F. and Di Pietro, G. and Dionisi, C. and Downing, M. and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Gabrieli, A. and Galbiati, C. and Garcia Abia, P. and Ghiano, Chiara and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Gorchakov, O. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Gulino, M. and Hackett, B. R. and Hassanshahi, M. H. and Herner, K. and Hosseini, B. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, Al. and Ianni, An. and Ippolito, V. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Kahn, Y. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Kochanek, I. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Kuss, M. and La Commara, M. and Lai, M. and Li, X. and Lisanti, M. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mapelli, L. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Messina, A. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Mishra-Sharma, S. and Monte, A. and Morrocchi, M. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Nania, R. and Navrer Agasson, A. and Nozdrina, A. O. and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pandola, L. and Pantic, E. and Paoloni, E. and Pazzona, F. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pesudo, V. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Poudel, S. S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Ragusa, F. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Sablone, D. and Samoylov, O. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Sant, M. and Santorelli, R. and Savarese, C. and Scapparone, E. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Shchagin, A. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Stracka, S. and Suffritti, G. B. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Waldrop, T. J. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wojcik, M. M. and Wojcik, M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, C. and Zichichi, A. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {We present the results of a search for dark matter WIMPs in the mass range below 20 GeV/c2 using a target of low-radioactivity argon with a 6786.0 kg d exposure. The data were obtained using the DarkSide-50 apparatus at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS). The analysis is based on the ionization signal, for which the DarkSide-50 time projection chamber is fully efficient at 0.1 keVee. The observed rate in the detector at 0.5 keVee is about 1.5 event/keVee/kg/d and is almost entirely accounted for by known background sources. We obtain a 90 % C.L. exclusion limit above 1.8 GeV/c2 for the spin-independent cross section of dark matter WIMPs on nucleons, extending the exclusion region for dark matter below previous limits in the range 1.8–6 GeV/c2.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.081307},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1437392}, journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 8,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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    Exploring low-energy neutrino physics with the Coherent Neutrino Nucleus Interaction Experiment
    journal, November 2019


    DUNE-PRISM sensitivity to light dark matter
    journal, November 2019


    First results from the CRESST-III low-mass dark matter program
    journal, November 2019


    Sub-MeV dark matter and the Goldstone modes of superfluid helium
    journal, December 2019


    Dark matter signals on a laser interferometer
    journal, January 2020


    Presupernova neutrinos in large dark matter direct detection experiments
    journal, February 2020


    Decay and detection of a light scalar boson mixing with the Higgs boson
    journal, January 2019


    Search for low-mass dark matter with CDMSlite using a profile likelihood fit
    journal, March 2019


    Searching for low-mass dark matter particles with a massive Ge bolometer operated above ground
    journal, April 2019


    Geoneutrinos in large direct detection experiments
    journal, May 2019


    Probing DAMA/LIBRA data in the full parameter space of WIMP effective models of inelastic scattering
    journal, May 2019


    Electron extraction efficiency study for dual-phase xenon dark matter experiments
    journal, May 2019


    Diamond detectors for direct detection of sub-GeV dark matter
    journal, June 2019


    Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark-Matter–Electron Scattering from the DarkSide-50 Experiment
    journal, September 2018


    First Results on the Scalar WIMP-Pion Coupling, Using the XENON1T Experiment
    journal, February 2019


    Results of a Search for Sub-GeV Dark Matter Using 2013 LUX Data
    journal, April 2019


    Combination of Searches for Invisible Higgs Boson Decays with the ATLAS Experiment
    journal, June 2019


    Low-Energy Physics Reach of Xenon Detectors for Nuclear-Recoil-Based Dark Matter and Neutrino Experiments
    journal, December 2019


    Search for Light Dark Matter Interactions Enhanced by the Migdal Effect or Bremsstrahlung in XENON1T
    journal, December 2019


    Light Dark Matter Search with Ionization Signals in XENON1T
    journal, December 2019


    Relation between the Migdal Effect and Dark Matter-Electron Scattering in Isolated Atoms and Semiconductors
    journal, January 2020


    Direct detection of nuclear scattering of sub-Gev dark matter using molecular excitations
    journal, November 2019


    ANAIS-112 sensitivity in the search for dark matter annual modulation
    journal, March 2019


    The SABRE project and the SABRE Proof-of-Principle
    journal, April 2019


    Analysis of backgrounds for the ANAIS-112 dark matter experiment
    journal, May 2019


    Inferred Evidence for Dark Matter Kinematic Substructure with SDSS– Gaia
    journal, March 2019