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Title: Design tool for estimating chemical hydrogen storage system characteristics for light-duty fuel cell vehicles

Abstract

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) developed a vehicle Framework model to simulate fuel cell-based light-duty vehicle operation for various hydrogen storage systems. This transient model simulates the performance of the storage system, fuel cell, and vehicle for comparison to Technical Targets established by DOE for four drive cycles/profiles. Chemical hydrogen storage models have been developed for the Framework for both exothermic and endothermic materials. Despite the utility of such models, they require that material researchers input system design specifications that cannot be estimated easily. To address this challenge, a design tool has been developed that allows researchers to directly enter kinetic and thermodynamic chemical hydrogen storage material properties into a simple sizing module that then estimates system parameters required to run the storage system model. Additionally, the design tool can be used as a standalone executable file to estimate the storage system mass and volume outside of the Framework model. Here, these models will be explained and exercised with the representative hydrogen storage materials exothermic ammonia borane (NH 3BH 3) and endothermic alane (AlH 3).

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Savannah River National Lab., Aiken, SC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Program (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1437101
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-71163
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; fuel cell vehicle; chemical hydrogen storage; ammonia borane; alane; system model

Citation Formats

Brooks, Kriston P., Sprik, Samuel J., Tamburello, David A., and Thornton, Matthew J. Design tool for estimating chemical hydrogen storage system characteristics for light-duty fuel cell vehicles. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.090.
Brooks, Kriston P., Sprik, Samuel J., Tamburello, David A., & Thornton, Matthew J. Design tool for estimating chemical hydrogen storage system characteristics for light-duty fuel cell vehicles. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.090.
Brooks, Kriston P., Sprik, Samuel J., Tamburello, David A., and Thornton, Matthew J. Sat . "Design tool for estimating chemical hydrogen storage system characteristics for light-duty fuel cell vehicles". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.090.
@article{osti_1437101,
title = {Design tool for estimating chemical hydrogen storage system characteristics for light-duty fuel cell vehicles},
author = {Brooks, Kriston P. and Sprik, Samuel J. and Tamburello, David A. and Thornton, Matthew J.},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) developed a vehicle Framework model to simulate fuel cell-based light-duty vehicle operation for various hydrogen storage systems. This transient model simulates the performance of the storage system, fuel cell, and vehicle for comparison to Technical Targets established by DOE for four drive cycles/profiles. Chemical hydrogen storage models have been developed for the Framework for both exothermic and endothermic materials. Despite the utility of such models, they require that material researchers input system design specifications that cannot be estimated easily. To address this challenge, a design tool has been developed that allows researchers to directly enter kinetic and thermodynamic chemical hydrogen storage material properties into a simple sizing module that then estimates system parameters required to run the storage system model. Additionally, the design tool can be used as a standalone executable file to estimate the storage system mass and volume outside of the Framework model. Here, these models will be explained and exercised with the representative hydrogen storage materials exothermic ammonia borane (NH3BH3) and endothermic alane (AlH3).},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.090},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
number = 18,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Apr 07 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Sat Apr 07 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on April 7, 2019
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