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Title: La 139 and Cu 63 NMR investigation of charge order in La 2 CuO 4 + y ( T c = 42 K)

Abstract

Here, we report 139La and 63Cu NMR investigation of the successive charge order, spin order, and superconducting transitions in superoxygenated La 2CuO 4+y single crystal with stage-4 excess oxygen order at T stage≃290 K. We show that the stage-4 order induces tilting of CuO 6 octahedra below T stage, which in turn causes 139La NMR line broadening. The structural distortion continues to develop far below Tstage, and completes at T charge≃60 K, where charge order sets in. This sequence is reminiscent of the the charge-order transition in Nd codoped La 1.88Sr 0.12CuO 4 that sets in once the low-temperature tetragonal phase is established. We also show that the paramagnetic 63Cu NMR signals are progressively wiped out below T charge due to enhanced low-frequency spin fluctuations in charge-ordered domains, but the residual 63Cu NMR signals continue to exhibit the characteristics expected for optimally doped superconducting CuO 2 planes. This indicates that charge order in La 2CuO 4+y does not take place uniformly in space. In addition, unlike the typical second-order magnetic phase transitions, low-frequency Cu spin fluctuations as probed by 139La nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate do not exhibit critical divergence at T spin(≃T c) =42 K. These findings, including the spatiallymore » inhomogeneous nature of the charge-ordered state, are qualitatively similar to the case of La 1.885Sr 0.115CuO 4, but both charge and spin order take place more sharply in the present case.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  2. Stanford National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1436968
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1426012
Grant/Contract Number:  
DMR 96-23858; DMR 98-08941; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Imai, T., and Lee, Y. S. La139 and Cu63 NMR investigation of charge order in La2CuO4+y (Tc=42 K). United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.104506.
Imai, T., & Lee, Y. S. La139 and Cu63 NMR investigation of charge order in La2CuO4+y (Tc=42 K). United States. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.104506.
Imai, T., and Lee, Y. S. Wed . "La139 and Cu63 NMR investigation of charge order in La2CuO4+y (Tc=42 K)". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.104506. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436968.
@article{osti_1436968,
title = {La139 and Cu63 NMR investigation of charge order in La2CuO4+y (Tc=42 K)},
author = {Imai, T. and Lee, Y. S.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report 139La and 63Cu NMR investigation of the successive charge order, spin order, and superconducting transitions in superoxygenated La2CuO4+y single crystal with stage-4 excess oxygen order at Tstage≃290 K. We show that the stage-4 order induces tilting of CuO6 octahedra below Tstage, which in turn causes 139La NMR line broadening. The structural distortion continues to develop far below Tstage, and completes at Tcharge≃60 K, where charge order sets in. This sequence is reminiscent of the the charge-order transition in Nd codoped La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 that sets in once the low-temperature tetragonal phase is established. We also show that the paramagnetic 63Cu NMR signals are progressively wiped out below Tcharge due to enhanced low-frequency spin fluctuations in charge-ordered domains, but the residual 63Cu NMR signals continue to exhibit the characteristics expected for optimally doped superconducting CuO2 planes. This indicates that charge order in La2CuO4+y does not take place uniformly in space. In addition, unlike the typical second-order magnetic phase transitions, low-frequency Cu spin fluctuations as probed by 139La nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate do not exhibit critical divergence at Tspin(≃Tc) =42 K. These findings, including the spatially inhomogeneous nature of the charge-ordered state, are qualitatively similar to the case of La1.885Sr0.115CuO4, but both charge and spin order take place more sharply in the present case.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevb.97.104506},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 10,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Representative 139La NMR lineshapes in B$ext$ = 8.7521 T applied along the c-axis. For clarity, the vertical origin is shifted at di erent temperatures. The gray vertical dashed line marks the peak frequency 139fo = 52.65 MHz. Asymmetrical line broadening becomes signi cant below ~220 K. (Inset) Themore » very sharp, needle shaped peak at 139fo = 52.65 MHz, which arises from 139La sites neighboring to untilted CuO6 octahedra, remains observable down to ~60 K.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.