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Title: Secure ICCP Final Report

Abstract

Inter-Control Center Communications Protocol (ICCP), defined by the IEC 60870-6 TASE.2 standard, was developed to enable data exchange over wide area networks between electric system entities, including utility control centers, Independent System Operators (ISOs), Regional Transmission Operators (RTOs) and Independent Power Producers (IPP) also known as Non-Utility Generators (NUG). ICCP is an unprotected protocol, and as a result is vulnerable to such actions as integrity violation, interception or alteration, spoofing, and eavesdropping. Because of these vulnerabilities with unprotected ICCP communication, security enhancements, referred to as Secure ICCP, have been added and are included in the ICCP products that utilities have received since 2003 when the standard was defined. This has resulted in an ICCP product whose communication can be encrypted and authenticated to address these vulnerabilities.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1436849
Report Number(s):
PNNL-26729
830403000
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
CEDS; Cybersecurity; Energy; Delivery; Systems; Secure ICCP

Citation Formats

Rice, Mark J., Bonebrake, Christopher A., Dayley, Greg K., and Becker, Larry J.. Secure ICCP Final Report. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1436849.
Rice, Mark J., Bonebrake, Christopher A., Dayley, Greg K., & Becker, Larry J.. Secure ICCP Final Report. United States. doi:10.2172/1436849.
Rice, Mark J., Bonebrake, Christopher A., Dayley, Greg K., and Becker, Larry J.. Fri . "Secure ICCP Final Report". United States. doi:10.2172/1436849. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436849.
@article{osti_1436849,
title = {Secure ICCP Final Report},
author = {Rice, Mark J. and Bonebrake, Christopher A. and Dayley, Greg K. and Becker, Larry J.},
abstractNote = {Inter-Control Center Communications Protocol (ICCP), defined by the IEC 60870-6 TASE.2 standard, was developed to enable data exchange over wide area networks between electric system entities, including utility control centers, Independent System Operators (ISOs), Regional Transmission Operators (RTOs) and Independent Power Producers (IPP) also known as Non-Utility Generators (NUG). ICCP is an unprotected protocol, and as a result is vulnerable to such actions as integrity violation, interception or alteration, spoofing, and eavesdropping. Because of these vulnerabilities with unprotected ICCP communication, security enhancements, referred to as Secure ICCP, have been added and are included in the ICCP products that utilities have received since 2003 when the standard was defined. This has resulted in an ICCP product whose communication can be encrypted and authenticated to address these vulnerabilities.},
doi = {10.2172/1436849},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Fri Jun 30 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Developed under the guidelines of the Utility Communications Architecture (UCA), the Intercontrol Center Communications Protocol (ICCP) meets the need for a standard protocol to support the evolution in utility communications. ICCP has been very well received by utilities and vendors. Several power pools are currently implementing ICCP, and all major Energy Management System vendors are offering ICCP products. This report documents completion of Phase III of the ICCP project, in which ICCP was implemented by vendors and demonstrated at two host utilities. Phase III also helped identify the limitations of the ICCP functional requirements developed in Phase II and resultedmore » in a more complete definition of ICCP. The demonstration proved the concept and identified the enhancements to the ICCP functional specifications. The resulting specifications for ICCP were submitted to the ICE as a proposed international standard. Many countries, including France, Germany, Australia, Norway, Switzerland, China, and the United Kingdom, agreed to actively participate in ICCP review and development as it progresses through various stages to International Standard status. Standardization of ICCP will reduce costs by avoiding construction of custom products and through competitive pricing by multiple vendors offering ICCP products.« less
  • In today`s energy companies, personnel want to use system information in new ways, to lower costs, improve operations and increase customer satisfaction, and develop new products. To do so, the information from sources such as the energy management system (EMS) must be accessible to the staff who need it as well as to other applications. At Kansas City Power and Light (KCPL), planners utilized EPRI`s Application Program Interface (in the process of becoming an international Standard) to integrate key systems, and the Standard Inter-Control Center Communications Protocol to provide communications between systems. This report describes the development and implementation ofmore » a message bus interface, the ``Bus``, used by project members to connect KCPL`s EMS with its distribution facilities management system. The project also encompassed the development of a centralized database compliant with the API`s Common Information Model, and a Bus-based implementation of ICCP. The company anticipates more efficient utilization of its transmission and distribution networks as a result, as well as providing critical power system information to personnel company-wide at lower cost.« less
  • Developed in 1994, ICCP has become the US and global standard protocol for communication of real-time data in the elctric power industry. This test with four major energy management system vendors validated and enhanced this standard.
  • Summarized in this report are the data collected through Environmental Monitoring programs conducted at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) by the Environmental Safety & Health (ES&H) Department. This report is published in response to DOE Order 5400.1. This report covers the period from December 21, 1991 through December 20, 1992 and details airborne and liquid effluents from the Chemical Processing Plant.
  • We implemented a secure prototype for collaborative tool for code development.