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Title: Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds

Abstract

A process and related electrode composition are disclosed for the electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation of organic substrates such as biomass-derived bio-oil components by the production of hydrogen atoms on a catalyst surface followed by the reaction of the hydrogen atoms with the organic reactants. Biomass fast pyrolysis-derived bio-oil is a liquid mixture containing hundreds of organic compounds with chemical functionalities that are corrosive to container materials and are prone to polymerization. A high surface area skeletal metal catalyst material such as Raney Nickel can be used as the cathode. Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation convert the organic substrates under mild conditions to reduce coke formation and catalyst deactivation. The process converts oxygen-containing functionalities and unsaturated bonds into chemically reduced forms with an increased hydrogen content. The process is operated at mild conditions, which enables it to be a good means for stabilizing bio-oil to a form that can be stored and transported using metal containers and pipes.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1436515
Patent Number(s):
9,951,431
Application Number:
14/061,460
Assignee:
Board of Trustees of Michigan State University (East Lansing, MI) GFO
DOE Contract Number:
FG36-04GO14216
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Oct 23
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Jackson, James E., Lam, Chun Ho, Saffron, Christopher M., and Miller, Dennis J.. Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Jackson, James E., Lam, Chun Ho, Saffron, Christopher M., & Miller, Dennis J.. Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds. United States.
Jackson, James E., Lam, Chun Ho, Saffron, Christopher M., and Miller, Dennis J.. Tue . "Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436515.
@article{osti_1436515,
title = {Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds},
author = {Jackson, James E. and Lam, Chun Ho and Saffron, Christopher M. and Miller, Dennis J.},
abstractNote = {A process and related electrode composition are disclosed for the electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation of organic substrates such as biomass-derived bio-oil components by the production of hydrogen atoms on a catalyst surface followed by the reaction of the hydrogen atoms with the organic reactants. Biomass fast pyrolysis-derived bio-oil is a liquid mixture containing hundreds of organic compounds with chemical functionalities that are corrosive to container materials and are prone to polymerization. A high surface area skeletal metal catalyst material such as Raney Nickel can be used as the cathode. Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation convert the organic substrates under mild conditions to reduce coke formation and catalyst deactivation. The process converts oxygen-containing functionalities and unsaturated bonds into chemically reduced forms with an increased hydrogen content. The process is operated at mild conditions, which enables it to be a good means for stabilizing bio-oil to a form that can be stored and transported using metal containers and pipes.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue Apr 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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