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Title: Recycled Sm-Co bonded magnet filaments for 3D printing of magnets

Abstract

Recycling of rare earth elements, such as Sm and Nd, is one technique towards mitigating long-term supply and cost concerns for materials and devices that depend on these elements. In this work recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from industrial grinding swarfs, or waste material from magnet processing, was investigated for use in preparation of filament for 3D printing of bonded magnets. Recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from swarfs was blended into polylactic acid (PLA). Up to 20 vol.% of the recycled Sm-Co in PLA was extruded at 160°C to produce a filament. It was demonstrated that no degradation of magnetic properties occurred due to the preparation or extrusion of the bonded magnet material. Good uniformity of the magnetic properties is exhibited throughout the filament, with the material first extruded being the exception. The material does exhibit some magnetic anisotropy, allowing for the possibility of the development of anisotropic filaments. Finally, this work provides a path forward for producing recycled magnetic filament for 3D printing of permanent magnets.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Advanced Manufacturing Office (EE-5A); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1436430
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416636
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9630
Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226; TRN: US1900182
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Khazdozian, Helena A., Manzano, J. Sebastián, Gandha, Kinjal, Slowing, Igor I., and Nlebedim, Ikenna C. Recycled Sm-Co bonded magnet filaments for 3D printing of magnets. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5007669.
Khazdozian, Helena A., Manzano, J. Sebastián, Gandha, Kinjal, Slowing, Igor I., & Nlebedim, Ikenna C. Recycled Sm-Co bonded magnet filaments for 3D printing of magnets. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5007669.
Khazdozian, Helena A., Manzano, J. Sebastián, Gandha, Kinjal, Slowing, Igor I., and Nlebedim, Ikenna C. Thu . "Recycled Sm-Co bonded magnet filaments for 3D printing of magnets". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5007669. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436430.
@article{osti_1436430,
title = {Recycled Sm-Co bonded magnet filaments for 3D printing of magnets},
author = {Khazdozian, Helena A. and Manzano, J. Sebastián and Gandha, Kinjal and Slowing, Igor I. and Nlebedim, Ikenna C.},
abstractNote = {Recycling of rare earth elements, such as Sm and Nd, is one technique towards mitigating long-term supply and cost concerns for materials and devices that depend on these elements. In this work recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from industrial grinding swarfs, or waste material from magnet processing, was investigated for use in preparation of filament for 3D printing of bonded magnets. Recycled Sm-Co powder recovered from swarfs was blended into polylactic acid (PLA). Up to 20 vol.% of the recycled Sm-Co in PLA was extruded at 160°C to produce a filament. It was demonstrated that no degradation of magnetic properties occurred due to the preparation or extrusion of the bonded magnet material. Good uniformity of the magnetic properties is exhibited throughout the filament, with the material first extruded being the exception. The material does exhibit some magnetic anisotropy, allowing for the possibility of the development of anisotropic filaments. Finally, this work provides a path forward for producing recycled magnetic filament for 3D printing of permanent magnets.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5007669},
journal = {AIP Advances},
issn = {2158-3226},
number = 5,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: SEM micrograph of Sm‐Co powder and b) XRD of Sm‐Co powder compared to reference cases of Sm‐Co 1:5 and 2:17.

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.