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Title: Conversion of cellulose rich municipal solid waste blends using ionic liquids: feedstock convertibility and process scale-up

Abstract

For this study, sixteen cellulose rich municipal solid waste (MSW) blends were developed and screened using an acid-assisted ionic liquid (IL) deconstruction process. Corn stover and switchgrass were chosen to represent herbaceous feedstocks; non-recyclable paper (NRP) and grass clippings (GC) collected from households were chosen as MSW candidates given their abundance in municipal waste streams. The most promising MSW blend: corn stover/non-recyclable paper (CS/NRP) at 80/20 ratio was identified in milliliter-scale screening based on the sugar yield, feedstock cost, and availability. A successful scale-up (600-fold) of the IL-acidolysis process on the identified CS/NRP blend has been achieved. The sugar and lignin streams were recovered and characterized. Mass and material energy flows of the optimized process were presented. Feedstock cost for MSW blends was also discussed. Results suggest the promising potential of using MSW as a feedstock blending agent for biorefineries while maintaining sufficient performance and low feedstock cost. The bench scale (6 L) study is an essential step in demonstrating the scalability of this IL technology.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Emeryville, CA (United States). Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Biological Systems and Engineering Division
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Emeryville, CA (United States). Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit; Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Energy and Environmental Science and Technology
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Emeryville, CA (United States). Joint BioEnergy Inst.; Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States). Biological and Materials Sciences Center
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Biological Systems and Engineering Division; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Emeryville, CA (United States). Joint BioEnergy Inst.
  5. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Energy and Environmental Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)
OSTI Identifier:
1436147
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 58; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS

Citation Formats

Liang, Ling, Li, Chenlin, Xu, Feng, He, Qian, Yan, Jipeng, Luong, Tina, Simmons, Blake A., Pray, Todd R., Singh, Seema, Thompson, Vicki S., and Sun, Ning. Conversion of cellulose rich municipal solid waste blends using ionic liquids: feedstock convertibility and process scale-up. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ra06701a.
Liang, Ling, Li, Chenlin, Xu, Feng, He, Qian, Yan, Jipeng, Luong, Tina, Simmons, Blake A., Pray, Todd R., Singh, Seema, Thompson, Vicki S., & Sun, Ning. Conversion of cellulose rich municipal solid waste blends using ionic liquids: feedstock convertibility and process scale-up. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ra06701a.
Liang, Ling, Li, Chenlin, Xu, Feng, He, Qian, Yan, Jipeng, Luong, Tina, Simmons, Blake A., Pray, Todd R., Singh, Seema, Thompson, Vicki S., and Sun, Ning. Mon . "Conversion of cellulose rich municipal solid waste blends using ionic liquids: feedstock convertibility and process scale-up". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ra06701a. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436147.
@article{osti_1436147,
title = {Conversion of cellulose rich municipal solid waste blends using ionic liquids: feedstock convertibility and process scale-up},
author = {Liang, Ling and Li, Chenlin and Xu, Feng and He, Qian and Yan, Jipeng and Luong, Tina and Simmons, Blake A. and Pray, Todd R. and Singh, Seema and Thompson, Vicki S. and Sun, Ning},
abstractNote = {For this study, sixteen cellulose rich municipal solid waste (MSW) blends were developed and screened using an acid-assisted ionic liquid (IL) deconstruction process. Corn stover and switchgrass were chosen to represent herbaceous feedstocks; non-recyclable paper (NRP) and grass clippings (GC) collected from households were chosen as MSW candidates given their abundance in municipal waste streams. The most promising MSW blend: corn stover/non-recyclable paper (CS/NRP) at 80/20 ratio was identified in milliliter-scale screening based on the sugar yield, feedstock cost, and availability. A successful scale-up (600-fold) of the IL-acidolysis process on the identified CS/NRP blend has been achieved. The sugar and lignin streams were recovered and characterized. Mass and material energy flows of the optimized process were presented. Feedstock cost for MSW blends was also discussed. Results suggest the promising potential of using MSW as a feedstock blending agent for biorefineries while maintaining sufficient performance and low feedstock cost. The bench scale (6 L) study is an essential step in demonstrating the scalability of this IL technology.},
doi = {10.1039/c7ra06701a},
journal = {RSC Advances},
number = 58,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Bioconversion of forest products industry waste cellulosics to fuel ethanol: A review
journal, January 1996


Common aspects of acid prehydrolysis and steam explosion for pretreating wood
journal, January 1991


Fermentable sugars by chemical hydrolysis of biomass
journal, March 2010

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