skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Spatial clustering of dark matter haloes: secondary bias, neighbour bias, and the influence of massive neighbours on halo properties

Abstract

Here, we explore the phenomenon commonly known as halo assembly bias, whereby dark matter haloes of the same mass are found to be more or less clustered when a second halo property is considered, for haloes in the mass range 3.7 × 10 11–5.0 × 10 13 h –1 M . Using the Large Suite of Dark Matter Simulations (LasDamas) we consider nine commonly used halo properties and find that a clustering bias exists if haloes are binned by mass or by any other halo property. This secondary bias implies that no single halo property encompasses all the spatial clustering information of the halo population. The mean values of some halo properties depend on their halo's distance to a more massive neighbour. Halo samples selected by having high values of one of these properties therefore inherit a neighbour bias such that they are much more likely to be close to a much more massive neighbour. This neighbour bias largely accounts for the secondary bias seen in haloes binned by mass and split by concentration or age. However, haloes binned by other mass-like properties still show a secondary bias even when the neighbour bias is removed. The secondary bias of haloesmore » selected by their spin behaves differently than that for other halo properties, suggesting that the origin of the spin bias is different than of other secondary biases.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [1]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  2. New York City College of Technology, Brooklyn, NY (United States); American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY (United States)
  3. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  4. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Swinburne Univ. of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC (Australia); ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D) (Australia)
  5. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  7. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1436106
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AST-1151650
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 475; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; methods: numerical; galaxies: formation; galaxies: haloes; dark matter; large-scale structure of Universe; cosmology: theory

Citation Formats

Salcedo, Andres N., Maller, Ariyeh H., Berlind, Andreas A., Sinha, Manodeep, McBride, Cameron K., Behroozi, Peter S., Wechsler, Risa H., and Weinberg, David H. Spatial clustering of dark matter haloes: secondary bias, neighbour bias, and the influence of massive neighbours on halo properties. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty109.
Salcedo, Andres N., Maller, Ariyeh H., Berlind, Andreas A., Sinha, Manodeep, McBride, Cameron K., Behroozi, Peter S., Wechsler, Risa H., & Weinberg, David H. Spatial clustering of dark matter haloes: secondary bias, neighbour bias, and the influence of massive neighbours on halo properties. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty109.
Salcedo, Andres N., Maller, Ariyeh H., Berlind, Andreas A., Sinha, Manodeep, McBride, Cameron K., Behroozi, Peter S., Wechsler, Risa H., and Weinberg, David H. Mon . "Spatial clustering of dark matter haloes: secondary bias, neighbour bias, and the influence of massive neighbours on halo properties". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty109. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436106.
@article{osti_1436106,
title = {Spatial clustering of dark matter haloes: secondary bias, neighbour bias, and the influence of massive neighbours on halo properties},
author = {Salcedo, Andres N. and Maller, Ariyeh H. and Berlind, Andreas A. and Sinha, Manodeep and McBride, Cameron K. and Behroozi, Peter S. and Wechsler, Risa H. and Weinberg, David H.},
abstractNote = {Here, we explore the phenomenon commonly known as halo assembly bias, whereby dark matter haloes of the same mass are found to be more or less clustered when a second halo property is considered, for haloes in the mass range 3.7 × 1011–5.0 × 1013 h–1 M⊙. Using the Large Suite of Dark Matter Simulations (LasDamas) we consider nine commonly used halo properties and find that a clustering bias exists if haloes are binned by mass or by any other halo property. This secondary bias implies that no single halo property encompasses all the spatial clustering information of the halo population. The mean values of some halo properties depend on their halo's distance to a more massive neighbour. Halo samples selected by having high values of one of these properties therefore inherit a neighbour bias such that they are much more likely to be close to a much more massive neighbour. This neighbour bias largely accounts for the secondary bias seen in haloes binned by mass and split by concentration or age. However, haloes binned by other mass-like properties still show a secondary bias even when the neighbour bias is removed. The secondary bias of haloes selected by their spin behaves differently than that for other halo properties, suggesting that the origin of the spin bias is different than of other secondary biases.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/sty109},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
issn = {0035-8711},
number = 4,
volume = 475,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 9 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: The total number of haloes in our 48 simulation boxes that are above the cut used for different samples. We consider samples determined by the z = 0 halo mass and maximum circular velocity, as well as by the peak halo mass or circular velocity in a halo’smore » history.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

ZOMG – I. How the cosmic web inhibits halo growth and generates assembly bias
journal, April 2017

  • Borzyszkowski, Mikolaj; Porciani, Cristiano; Romano-Díaz, Emilio
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx873

Strong bimodality in the host halo mass of central galaxies from galaxy–galaxy lensing
journal, February 2016

  • Mandelbaum, Rachel; Wang, Wenting; Zu, Ying
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw188

Mapping stellar content to dark matter haloes – II. Halo mass is the main driver of galaxy quenching
journal, January 2016

  • Zu, Ying; Mandelbaum, Rachel
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw221

The evolution of groups of galaxies in the Press-Schechter formalism
journal, January 1991


The Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos
journal, May 1996

  • Navarro, Julio F.; Frenk, Carlos S.; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 462
  • DOI: 10.1086/177173

Testing subhalo abundance matching in cosmological smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations: Testing SHAM in SPH simulations
journal, May 2012


An analytic model for the spatial clustering of dark matter haloes
journal, September 1996

  • Mo, H. J.; White, S. D. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 282, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/282.2.347

The immitigable nature of assembly  bias: the impact of halo definition on assembly bias
journal, August 2017

  • Villarreal, Antonio S.; Zentner, Andrew R.; Mao, Yao-Yuan
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 472, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2045

The statistics of peaks of Gaussian random fields
journal, May 1986

  • Bardeen, J. M.; Bond, J. R.; Kaiser, N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 304
  • DOI: 10.1086/164143

Linking halo mass to galaxy luminosity
journal, September 2004


Constraining galaxy formation and cosmology with the conditional luminosity function of galaxies
journal, March 2003


Concentration, spin and shape of dark matter haloes: scatter and the dependence on mass and environment
journal, June 2007


Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters
journal, October 2014


Properties of dark matter haloes and their correlations: the lesson from principal component analysis: Properties of DM haloes
journal, July 2011


Halo Assembly Bias in Hierarchical Structure Formation
journal, November 2008

  • Dalal, Neal; White, Martin; Bond, J. Richard
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 687, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/591512

The cosmological simulation code gadget-2
journal, December 2005


Assembly bias and the Dynamical Structure of dark Matter Halos
journal, December 2009


A re-examination of galactic conformity and a comparison with semi-analytic models of galaxy formation
journal, February 2013

  • Kauffmann, Guinevere; Li, Cheng; Zhang, Wei
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 430, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt007

The Connection Between Galaxies and dark Matter Structures in the Local Universe
journal, June 2013

  • Reddick, Rachel M.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Tinker, Jeremy L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 771, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/30

The age dependence of halo clustering
journal, October 2005


The nature of assembly bias - II. Halo spin
journal, August 2012


Cosmological Perturbations: Entering the Nonlinear Regime
journal, September 1997

  • Scoccimarro, Roman
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 487, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/304578

Large-scale assembly bias of dark matter halos
journal, March 2017

  • Lazeyras, Titouan; Musso, Marcello; Schmidt, Fabian
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 03
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/03/059

A First look at Galaxy Flyby Interactions. i. Characterizing the Frequency of Flybys in a Cosmological Context
journal, April 2012


Assembly bias in the clustering of dark matter haloes
journal, May 2007


Statistical Properties of X‐Ray Clusters: Analytic and Numerical Comparisons
journal, March 1998

  • Bryan, Greg L.; Norman, Michael L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 495, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/305262

Angular momentum from tidal torques
journal, August 1987

  • Barnes, Joshua; Efstathiou, George
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 319
  • DOI: 10.1086/165480

On the spatial correlations of Abell clusters
journal, September 1984


Cosmology and the bispectrum
journal, July 2006


Halo abundance matching: accuracy and conditions for numerical convergence
journal, January 2015

  • Klypin, Anatoly; Prada, Francisco; Yepes, Gustavo
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 447, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2685

On halo formation times and assembly bias
journal, September 2008


On the environmental dependence of halo formation
journal, June 2004


Environmental dependence of cold dark matter halo formation
journal, February 2007


The Halo Occupation Distribution and the Physics of Galaxy Formation
journal, August 2003

  • Berlind, Andreas A.; Weinberg, David H.; Benson, Andrew J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 593, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/376517

Correlating galaxy colour and halo concentration: a tunable halo model of galactic conformity
journal, October 2015

  • Paranjape, Aseem; Kovač, Katarina; Hartley, William G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2137

Introducing decorated HODs: modelling assembly bias in the galaxy–halo connection
journal, May 2016

  • Hearin, Andrew P.; Zentner, Andrew R.; van den Bosch, Frank C.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 460, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw840

The Concentration Dependence of the Galaxy–Halo Connection: Modeling Assembly bias with Abundance Matching
journal, December 2016

  • Lehmann, Benjamin V.; Mao, Yao-Yuan; Becker, Matthew R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 834, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/834/1/37

Mergers and mass Accretion for Infalling Halos both end well Outside Cluster Virial Radii
journal, May 2014


Excursion set mass functions for hierarchical Gaussian fluctuations
journal, September 1991

  • Bond, J. R.; Cole, S.; Efstathiou, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 379
  • DOI: 10.1086/170520

Beyond assembly bias: exploring secondary halo biases for cluster-size haloes
journal, December 2017

  • Mao, Yao-Yuan; Zentner, Andrew R.; Wechsler, Risa H.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 474, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx3111

Formation of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies by Self-Similar Gravitational Condensation
journal, February 1974

  • Press, William H.; Schechter, Paul
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 187
  • DOI: 10.1086/152650

Environmental dependence in the ellipsoidal collapse model
journal, August 2008


On Detecting halo Assembly bias with Galaxy Populations
journal, March 2016


Galaxy properties from the ultraviolet to the far-infrared: Λ cold dark matter models confront observations
journal, April 2012

  • Somerville, Rachel S.; Gilmore, Rudy C.; Primack, Joel R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 423, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20490.x

A marked correlation function analysis of halo formation times in the Millennium Simulation
journal, April 2006


Halo models of large scale structure
journal, December 2002


Constraining the noise-free distribution of halo spin parameters
journal, July 2017

  • Benson, Andrew J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 471, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1804

Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias
journal, November 2000


Dark Matter Halos in the Standard Cosmological Model: Results from the Bolshoi Simulation
journal, October 2011

  • Klypin, Anatoly A.; Trujillo-Gomez, Sebastian; Primack, Joel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 740, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/740/2/102

Gravitationally Consistent halo Catalogs and Merger Trees for Precision Cosmology
journal, December 2012


The Rockstar Phase-Space Temporal halo Finder and the Velocity Offsets of Cluster Cores
journal, December 2012


The scale-dependence of halo assembly bias
journal, March 2016

  • Sunayama, Tomomi; Hearin, Andrew P.; Padmanabhan, Nikhil
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw332

Linking early- and late-type galaxies to their dark matter haloes
journal, April 2003


How Many Galaxies Fit in a Halo? Constraints on Galaxy Formation Efficiency from Spatial Clustering
journal, January 2001

  • Scoccimarro, Roman; Sheth, Ravi K.; Hui, Lam
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 546, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/318261

The Excursion set Theory of halo mass Functions, halo Clustering, and halo Growth
journal, May 2007


Halo assembly bias and its effects on galaxy clustering
journal, February 2007


Excursion set peaks: a self-consistent model of dark halo abundances and clustering
journal, March 2013

  • Paranjape, Aseem; Sheth, Ravi K.; Desjacques, Vincent
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 431, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt267

The non-parametric model for linking galaxy luminosity with halo/subhalo mass
journal, September 2006


The Dependence on Environment of Cold Dark Matter Halo Properties
journal, November 2005

  • Avila‐Reese, Vladimir; Colin, Pedro; Gottlober, Stefan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 634, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/491726

Profiles of dark haloes: evolution, scatter and environment
journal, March 2001


The Halo Occupation Distribution: Toward an Empirical Determination of the Relation between Galaxies and Mass
journal, August 2002

  • Berlind, Andreas A.; Weinberg, David H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/341469

The Dependence of Halo Clustering on Halo Formation History, Concentration, and Occupation
journal, November 2006

  • Wechsler, Risa H.; Zentner, Andrew R.; Bullock, James S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 652, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/507120

Matplotlib: A 2D Graphics Environment
journal, January 2007


How to zoom: bias, contamination and Lagrange volumes in multimass cosmological simulations
journal, November 2013

  • Onorbe, J.; Garrison-Kimmel, S.; Maller, A. H.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2020

Environmental enhancement of DM haloes
journal, May 2005


The distribution of ejected subhaloes and its implication for halo assembly bias
journal, July 2009


Properties of dark matter haloes as a function of local environment density
journal, December 2016

  • Lee, Christoph T.; Primack, Joel R.; Behroozi, Peter
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 466, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3348

The dark side of galaxy colour
journal, September 2013

  • Hearin, Andrew P.; Watson, Douglas F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 435, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1374

Mapping stellar content to dark matter haloes using galaxy clustering and galaxy–galaxy lensing in the SDSS DR7
journal, October 2015

  • Zu, Ying; Mandelbaum, Rachel
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2062

Environmental influences on dark matter haloes and consequences for the galaxies within them
journal, January 1999


The Dependence of the Mass Assembly History of Cold Dark Matter Halos on Environment
journal, January 2007

  • Maulbetsch, Christian; Avila‐Reese, Vladimir; Colin, Pedro
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 654, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/509706

Modeling Luminosity‐dependent Galaxy Clustering through Cosmic Time
journal, August 2006

  • Conroy, Charlie; Wechsler, Risa H.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 647, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/503602

Baryon Dynamics, Dark Matter Substructure, and Galaxies
journal, May 2008

  • Weinberg, David H.; Colombi, Stephane; Davé, Romeel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 678, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/524646

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.