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Title: Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser

Abstract

A ppb-level mid-infrared ethane (C 2H 6) sensor was developed using a continuous-wave, thermoelectrically cooled, distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting at 3.34 μm and a miniature dense patterned multipass gas cell with a 54.6-m optical path length. The performance of the sensor was investigated using two different techniques based on the tunable interband cascade laser: direct absorption spectroscopy (DAS) and second-harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f-WMS). Three measurement schemes, DAS, WMS and quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS, were realized based on the same optical sensor core. A detection limit of ~7.92 ppbv with a precision of ±30 ppbv for the separate DAS scheme with an averaging time of 1 s and a detection limit of ~1.19 ppbv with a precision of about ±4 ppbv for the separate WMS scheme with a 4-s averaging time were achieved. An Allan–Werle variance analysis indicated that the precisions can be further improved to 777 pptv @ 166 s for the separate DAS scheme and 269 pptv @ 108 s for the WMS scheme, respectively. For the quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS scheme, both the 2f signal and the direct absorption signal were simultaneously extracted using a LabVIEW platform, and four C 2H 6 samples (0, 30,more » 60 and 90 ppbv with nitrogen as the balance gas) were used as the target gases to assess the sensor performance. A detailed comparison of the three measurement schemes is reported. Here, atmospheric C 2H 6 measurements on the Rice University campus and a field test at a compressed natural gas station in Houston, TX, were conducted to evaluate the performance of the sensor system as a robust and reliable field-deployable sensor system.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Jilin Univ., Changchun (China). State Key Lab. on Integrated Optoelectronics
  2. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Shanxi Univ., Taiyuan (China). State Key Lab. of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices
  3. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Shantou Univ., Shantou (China). College of Engineering
  4. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  5. Jilin Univ., Changchun (China). State Key Lab. on Integrated Optoelectronics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); National Science Foundation (NSF); Robert Welch Foundation Grant
OSTI Identifier:
1436078
Report Number(s):
DOE-MAXION-00538-17
Journal ID: ISSN 0946-2171; PII: 6460
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000538; 201406170107; 201506175025; 61307124; 14KG022; 61575113; 61275213; 201508440112; C-0586; IIP-1230427DE
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics. B, Lasers and Optics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0946-2171
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; C2H6 Concentration; Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy; C2H6 Sample; Direct Absorption Spectroscopy; Triangular Signal

Citation Formats

Li, Chunguang, Zheng, Chuantao, Dong, Lei, Ye, Weilin, Tittel, Frank K., and Wang, Yiding. Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/s00340-016-6460-6.
Li, Chunguang, Zheng, Chuantao, Dong, Lei, Ye, Weilin, Tittel, Frank K., & Wang, Yiding. Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser. United States. doi:10.1007/s00340-016-6460-6.
Li, Chunguang, Zheng, Chuantao, Dong, Lei, Ye, Weilin, Tittel, Frank K., and Wang, Yiding. Mon . "Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser". United States. doi:10.1007/s00340-016-6460-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436078.
@article{osti_1436078,
title = {Ppb-level mid-infrared ethane detection based on three measurement schemes using a 3.34-μm continuous-wave interband cascade laser},
author = {Li, Chunguang and Zheng, Chuantao and Dong, Lei and Ye, Weilin and Tittel, Frank K. and Wang, Yiding},
abstractNote = {A ppb-level mid-infrared ethane (C2H6) sensor was developed using a continuous-wave, thermoelectrically cooled, distributed feedback interband cascade laser emitting at 3.34 μm and a miniature dense patterned multipass gas cell with a 54.6-m optical path length. The performance of the sensor was investigated using two different techniques based on the tunable interband cascade laser: direct absorption spectroscopy (DAS) and second-harmonic wavelength modulation spectroscopy (2f-WMS). Three measurement schemes, DAS, WMS and quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS, were realized based on the same optical sensor core. A detection limit of ~7.92 ppbv with a precision of ±30 ppbv for the separate DAS scheme with an averaging time of 1 s and a detection limit of ~1.19 ppbv with a precision of about ±4 ppbv for the separate WMS scheme with a 4-s averaging time were achieved. An Allan–Werle variance analysis indicated that the precisions can be further improved to 777 pptv @ 166 s for the separate DAS scheme and 269 pptv @ 108 s for the WMS scheme, respectively. For the quasi-simultaneous DAS and WMS scheme, both the 2f signal and the direct absorption signal were simultaneously extracted using a LabVIEW platform, and four C2H6 samples (0, 30, 60 and 90 ppbv with nitrogen as the balance gas) were used as the target gases to assess the sensor performance. A detailed comparison of the three measurement schemes is reported. Here, atmospheric C2H6 measurements on the Rice University campus and a field test at a compressed natural gas station in Houston, TX, were conducted to evaluate the performance of the sensor system as a robust and reliable field-deployable sensor system.},
doi = {10.1007/s00340-016-6460-6},
journal = {Applied Physics. B, Lasers and Optics},
number = 7,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jun 20 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Jun 20 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Frequency-modulation spectroscopy for trace species detection: theory and comparison among experimental methods
journal, January 1992